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Open AccessArticle

A New TS Algorithm for Solving Low-Carbon Logistics Vehicle Routing Problem with Split Deliveries by Backpack—From a Green Operation Perspective

1
School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China
2
Zhongshan Institute, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Zhongshan 528400, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 949; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050949
Received: 1 March 2018 / Revised: 5 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 / Published: 10 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Environment, Green Operations and Sustainability)
In order to promote the development of low-carbon logistics and economize logistics distribution costs, the vehicle routing problem with split deliveries by backpack is studied. With the help of the model of classical capacitated vehicle routing problem, in this study, a form of discrete split deliveries was designed in which the customer demand can be split only by backpack. A double-objective mathematical model and the corresponding adaptive tabu search (TS) algorithm were constructed for solving this problem. By embedding the adaptive penalty mechanism, and adopting the random neighborhood selection strategy and reinitialization principle, the global optimization ability of the new algorithm was enhanced. Comparisons with the results in the literature show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The proposed method can save the costs of low-carbon logistics and reduce carbon emissions, which is conducive to the sustainable development of low-carbon logistics. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicle routing problem; split deliveries; backpack; tabu search; low-carbon logistics; green economy vehicle routing problem; split deliveries; backpack; tabu search; low-carbon logistics; green economy
MDPI and ACS Style

Xia, Y.; Fu, Z.; Tsai, S.-B.; Wang, J. A New TS Algorithm for Solving Low-Carbon Logistics Vehicle Routing Problem with Split Deliveries by Backpack—From a Green Operation Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 949.

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