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Lifestyle and Depression among Hong Kong Nurses

1,2,* and 2,†
School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The author contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 135;
Received: 22 October 2015 / Revised: 12 January 2016 / Accepted: 13 January 2016 / Published: 16 January 2016
PDF [280 KB, uploaded 16 January 2016]


Recent longitudinal data suggest a close association between depression and lifestyle. Little work to date has estimated the prevalence of depression in the nursing workforce in China, nor considered what lifestyle factors might be correlated with it—a gap filled by the present study. The study’s web-based cross-sectional survey solicited data from qualified nurses aged between 21 and 65 registered with the Hong Kong Nursing Council. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 was used to measure 850 nurses for depression, anxiety and symptoms of stress; a generalized linear regression model examined associations between lifestyle factors and depression. Mean depression symptom scores show a downward linear trend for male and female participants. Gender and age, however, did not emerge as significant predictors of depression. Three lifestyles factors (sleep, entertainment and hobbies) showed a significant association with depression. Nurses should make therapeutic lifestyle changes to improve their work-life balance and safeguard their functioning at work and personal well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: DASS-21; depression; epidemiology; nurses; therapeutic lifestyle changes DASS-21; depression; epidemiology; nurses; therapeutic lifestyle changes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Cheung, T.; Yip, P.S. Lifestyle and Depression among Hong Kong Nurses. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 135.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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