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Estimating the Smoking Ban Effects on Smoking Prevalence, Quitting and Cigarette Consumption in a Population Study of Apprentices in Italy

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Department of Political Science, University of Perugia, via Pascoli 20, 06123 Perugia, Italy
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Unit of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Piazzale Lucio Severi, 1, 06132 Perugia, Italy
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Dipartimento di Prevenzione, ASL Viterbo, Via Enrico Fermi 15, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
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Unit of Public Health, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Piazzale Lucio Severi 1, 06132 Perugia, Italy
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School of Public Health, University of Perugia, Piazzale Lucio Severi 1, 06132 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(8), 9523-9535; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120809523
Received: 22 April 2015 / Revised: 5 August 2015 / Accepted: 6 August 2015 / Published: 13 August 2015
Objectives: We evaluated the effects of the Italian 2005 smoking ban in public places on the prevalence of smoking, quitting and cigarette consumption of young workers. Data and Methods: The dataset was obtained from non-computerized registers of medical examinations for a population of workers with apprenticeship contracts residing in the province of Viterbo, Italy, in the period 1996–2007. To estimate the effects of the ban, a segmented regression approach was used, exploiting the discontinuity introduced by the application of the law on apprentices’ smoking behavior. Results: It is estimated that the Italian smoking ban generally had no effect on smoking prevalence, quitting ratio, or cigarette consumption of apprentices. However, when the estimates were applied to subpopulations, significant effects were found: −1% in smoking prevalence, +2% in quitting, and −3% in smoking intensity of apprentices with at least a diploma. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking bans; tobacco consumption; apprenticeship contracts; segmented regression smoking bans; tobacco consumption; apprenticeship contracts; segmented regression
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Pieroni, L.; Muzi, G.; Quercia, A.; Lanari, D.; Rundo, C.; Minelli, L.; Salmasi, L.; Dell'Omo, M. Estimating the Smoking Ban Effects on Smoking Prevalence, Quitting and Cigarette Consumption in a Population Study of Apprentices in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 9523-9535.

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