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A Digital Multigate Doppler Method for High Frequency Ultrasound

Paul C. Lauterbur Research Center for Biomedical Imaging, Institute of Biomedical and Health Engineering, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China
Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen 518057, China
Interdisciplinary Division of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2014, 14(8), 13348-13360;
Received: 15 June 2014 / Revised: 7 July 2014 / Accepted: 7 July 2014 / Published: 24 July 2014
PDF [1000 KB, uploaded 24 July 2014]


Noninvasive visualization of blood flow with high frequency Doppler ultrasound has been extensively used to assess the morphology and hemodynamics of the microcirculation. A completely digital implementation of multigate pulsed-wave (PW) Doppler method was proposed in this paper for high frequency ultrasound applications. Analog mixer was eliminated by a digital demodulator and the same data acquisition path was shared with traditional B-mode imaging which made the design compact and flexible. Hilbert transform based quadrature demodulation scheme was employed to achieve the multigate Doppler acquisition. A programmable high frequency ultrasound platform was also proposed to facilitate the multigate flow visualization. Experimental results showed good performance of the proposed method. Parabolic velocity gradient inside the vessel and velocity profile with different time slots were acquired to demonstrate the functionality of the multigate Doppler. Slow wall motion was also recorded by the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: flow visualization; multigate PW Doppler; digital quadrature demodulation; high frequency ultrasound flow visualization; multigate PW Doppler; digital quadrature demodulation; high frequency ultrasound
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Qiu, W.; Ye, Z.; Yu, Y.; Chen, Y.; Chi, L.; Mu, P.; Li, G.; Wang, C.; Xiao, Y.; Dai, J.; Sun, L.; Zheng, H. A Digital Multigate Doppler Method for High Frequency Ultrasound. Sensors 2014, 14, 13348-13360.

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