Application of Extrusion-Based Hydrogel Bioprinting for Cartilage Tissue Engineering
AbstractExtrusion-based bioprinting (EBB) is a rapidly developing technique that has made substantial progress in the fabrication of constructs for cartilage tissue engineering (CTE) over the past decade. With this technique, cell-laden hydrogels or bio-inks have been extruded onto printing stages, layer-by-layer, to form three-dimensional (3D) constructs with varying sizes, shapes, and resolutions. This paper reviews the cell sources and hydrogels that can be used for bio-ink formulations in CTE application. Additionally, this paper discusses the important properties of bio-inks to be applied in the EBB technique, including biocompatibility, printability, as well as mechanical properties. The printability of a bio-ink is associated with the formation of first layer, ink rheological properties, and crosslinking mechanisms. Further, this paper discusses two bioprinting approaches to build up cartilage constructs, i.e., self-supporting hydrogel bioprinting and hybrid bioprinting, along with their applications in fabricating chondral, osteochondral, and zonally organized cartilage regenerative constructs. Lastly, current limitations and future opportunities of EBB in printing cartilage regenerative constructs are reviewed. View Full-Text
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You, F.; Eames, B.F.; Chen, X. Application of Extrusion-Based Hydrogel Bioprinting for Cartilage Tissue Engineering. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1597.
You F, Eames BF, Chen X. Application of Extrusion-Based Hydrogel Bioprinting for Cartilage Tissue Engineering. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(7):1597.Chicago/Turabian Style
You, Fu; Eames, B. Frank; Chen, Xiongbiao. 2017. "Application of Extrusion-Based Hydrogel Bioprinting for Cartilage Tissue Engineering." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 7: 1597.
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