Next Article in Journal
Single Molecule Studies on Dynamics in Liquid Crystals
Next Article in Special Issue
MiR-205 Is Progressively Down-Regulated in Lymph Node Metastasis but Fails as a Prognostic Biomarker in High-Risk Prostate Cancer
Previous Article in Journal
Semisynthesis and Antifeedant Activity of New Derivatives of a Dihydro-β-Agarofuran from Parnassia wightiana
Previous Article in Special Issue
Molecular Signatures in Urologic Tumors
Review

Molecular Research in Penile Cancer—Lessons Learned from the Past and Bright Horizons of the Future?

1
Department of Urology, University of Rostock, Rostock 18055, Germany
2
Department of Genitourinary Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(10), 19494-19505; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms141019494
Received: 19 July 2013 / Revised: 11 September 2013 / Accepted: 12 September 2013 / Published: 26 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research in Urology)
Penile cancer is a rare tumor. There is a limited understanding of the biological mediators of prognostic and therapeutic importance in penile cancer. However, there exists some fundamental understanding of the major pathways involved in the development of penile pre-neoplastic lesions and neoplasms. The aim of the present review is to highlight our current state of molecular knowledge in penile cancer to foster the necessary tools for researchers to pave major advancements in our current treatment paradigms and cancer specific outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: penile cancer; pathways; carcinogenesis; progression; metastasis penile cancer; pathways; carcinogenesis; progression; metastasis
Show Figures

MDPI and ACS Style

Protzel, C.; Spiess, P.E. Molecular Research in Penile Cancer—Lessons Learned from the Past and Bright Horizons of the Future? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 19494-19505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms141019494

AMA Style

Protzel C, Spiess PE. Molecular Research in Penile Cancer—Lessons Learned from the Past and Bright Horizons of the Future? International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(10):19494-19505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms141019494

Chicago/Turabian Style

Protzel, Chris, and Philippe E. Spiess. 2013. "Molecular Research in Penile Cancer—Lessons Learned from the Past and Bright Horizons of the Future?" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 14, no. 10: 19494-19505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms141019494

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop