Special Issue "Water Quality Monitoring, Analysis and Restoration of Lakes"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water Quality and Contamination".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 November 2022) | Viewed by 2546

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Xing Wang
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Lake Ecology and Environment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China
Interests: monitoring and evaluation of aquatic organisms; and ecological safety and health assessment of lakes

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As one of the most important freshwater resources, lakes have many functions, such as in flood control, water supply, aquaculture and climate regulation, that have a far-reaching impact on human progress and socioeconomic development. Under the multiple stresses of global warming and human activities in recent years, the water quality of lakes had shown a deteriorating trend, and some shallow lakes in particular have shown signs of eutrophication and frequent occurrence of water blooms. In addition, water blooms may even threaten the security of people’s drinking water. Therefore, it is necessary and urgent to carry out effective monitoring and analysis of problems that affect the water quality of lakes and, thus, appropriate rehabilitation measures for eutrophic lakes. The purpose of this Special Issue is to report the basic research works on physical, chemical and biological monitoring and evaluation of lakes and reservoirs as well as the interdiction and control measures of pollution source, ecological restoration and other specific engineering implementation for eutrophic lakes.

Dr. Xing Wang
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • lakes
  • water quality
  • physical, chemical and biological monitoring and assessment
  • ecological restoration

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Algae Bloom and Decomposition Changes the Phosphorus Cycle Pattern in Taihu Lake
Water 2022, 14(22), 3607; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14223607 - 09 Nov 2022
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Abstract
Algae bloom event, an extreme ecological imbalance that the water environment experiences, changes the phosphorus (P) cycle in the aquatic environment, which makes the lake maintain a long-term eutrophication and frequent algae bloom state. This study compared P form characteristics and bacteria community [...] Read more.
Algae bloom event, an extreme ecological imbalance that the water environment experiences, changes the phosphorus (P) cycle in the aquatic environment, which makes the lake maintain a long-term eutrophication and frequent algae bloom state. This study compared P form characteristics and bacteria community structures in the aquatic environment of the cyanobacteria area and non-cyanobacteria area of Taihu Lake, aiming to clear the new P cycle pattern disturbed by algae bloom and decomposition processes. Compared with P forms in mediums of the middle of the lake and the east of the lake, there were higher concentration levels of total particulate P (TPP) in water, organic P (OP) in suspended particles, iron bound P (FeP) in sediments and phosphate (PO43−) in the pore water of Meiliang Bay, the cyanobacteria area. OP form was the dominant P fraction in suspended particles that occupied 69% in particulate total P, but OP proportion in sediments decreased to 26% of sediment total P, which indicated the strong occurrence of OP mineralization in sediments. The higher concentration and proportion of FeP in sediments of Meiliang Bay suggested the intensified effects of algae bloom and decomposition on sediment FeP accumulation. In Meiliang Bay, the positive correlation between Fe2+ and PO43− in pore water and the higher diffusion fluxes of Fe2+, PO43− from pore water to overlying water (0.45, 0.65 mg/m2·d) than that in the other lake areas also suggested the intensified effects of algae bloom and decomposition on FeP reductive dissolution in sediments accompanying sediment P remobilization. Moreover, there were higher concentrations of labile sulfide and high relative abundances of iron reducing bacteria (FRBs), sulfate reducing bacteria (SRBs) in sediments of Meiliang Bay. Results suggested that algae bloom event changed the natural P cycle in aquatic environment through intensifying the pathways of sediment OP mineralization, FeP accumulation and FeP reductive dissolution, which were mainly driven by the coupled factors of anoxic sediment condition, SRBs and FRBs activities. In addition, PO43− diffusion from pore water to overlying water in the east of the lake may be prevented for its much higher Fe/P ratio (8.06) and Fe2+ concentrations in pore water, which may form a P-adsorbing barrier of iron oxides in the interface between pore water and overlying water. This study enhances the understanding of the vicious P cycle pattern in the aquatic environment driven by algae bloom and decomposition, which should be considered when conducting eutrophication prevention and control measures on lakes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Monitoring, Analysis and Restoration of Lakes)
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Article
Characterization of Water and Total Nitrogen Contributions from the Inflow Rivers to Lake: A Study of West Dongting Lake in China
Water 2022, 14(21), 3463; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14213463 - 30 Oct 2022
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Abstract
The input of pollutants into the lake has ainfluence on the water quality of the lake. Detailing the contribution of water and nutrients from the inflow rivers are essential for lake water management. Major ions Na+ and Cl were applied to [...] Read more.
The input of pollutants into the lake has ainfluence on the water quality of the lake. Detailing the contribution of water and nutrients from the inflow rivers are essential for lake water management. Major ions Na+ and Cl were applied to trace contributions of water and total nitrogen (TN) from the inflow rivers to West Dongting Lake. By using the two-source mixing model and the two-component TN mixing model, the results showed that water and TN in West Dongting Lake were mainly contributed by local rivers rather than the three outfalls, in which the contribution of Yuan River was larger than that of Li River. However, the contribution rates of water and TN of the three outfalls to West Dongting Lake during the wet season reached above 20% and 30%, respectively, indicating that the contribution of the three outfalls to West Dongting Lake could not be ignored. Among them, the contributions of Songzi outfall were higher than those from Taiping and Ouchi outfalls. Therefore, we suggest that the relevant departments should identify key river management targets during different water periods, implement refined management over water pollution in West Dongting Lake, and prioritize the pollutant input of Yuran River and Songzi outfall (especially during the wet season). This study demonstrates that major ion tracing is suitable for estimating the contribution rates of different nutrient sources in the river-lake system, which will provide valuable information for protecting the water quality of West Dongting Lake in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Monitoring, Analysis and Restoration of Lakes)
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Article
Spatiotemporal Variations in the Water Quality of Qionghai Lake, Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau, China
Water 2022, 14(15), 2451; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152451 - 08 Aug 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 833
Abstract
Although Qionghai Lake is one of the 11 large and medium-sized lakes (lake area > 25 km2) in the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau (YGP), there has been little research on its water quality, especially over the long term. Herein, meteorological, hydrologic, trophic, and [...] Read more.
Although Qionghai Lake is one of the 11 large and medium-sized lakes (lake area > 25 km2) in the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau (YGP), there has been little research on its water quality, especially over the long term. Herein, meteorological, hydrologic, trophic, and biochemical indices were investigated over the 2011–2020 period to explore the spatiotemporal variations in water quality in Qionghai Lake. The results showed that the CCME-WQI value for Qionghai Lake ranked between marginal and fair during 2011–2020, that the water quality of Qionghai Lake before 2017 was worse than after 2017, and that the water quality of the western part of Qionghai Lake was worse than that of the eastern part. Total nitrogen and total phosphorus were 0.39–0.51 and 0.019–0.027 mg/L during 2011–2020, respectively, and were the main pollution factors in Qionghai Lake. In addition, Qionghai Lake was at the mesotrophic level, but the chlorophyll and trophic state levels (TLI) increased year by year, and the levels in the western area were higher than in the eastern area. Increased anthropogenic activities (industrialization, urbanization, agricultural intensification, etc.) were the main reasons for the poor water quality of Qionghai Lake before 2017, while, after 2017, effective government environmental restoration and management measures improved the water quality. Moreover, the difference in land-use types within the watershed was the main reason for the spatial heterogeneity of water quality in Qionghai Lake. Potassium permanganate index (CODMn) and ammonia nitrogen content index (NH3-N) were not very high, but both showed seasonal variations. Water transparency (SD) in Qionghai Lake was reduced by sediment input and increased algal biomass, while dissolved oxygen (DO) decreased due to thermal stratification. This study is expected to provide a theoretical reference for understanding changes in the water quality and water environmental protection of Qionghai Lake and the YGP. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Monitoring, Analysis and Restoration of Lakes)
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Article
Surface Water Quality Assessment of the Arkavathi Reservoir Catchment and Command Area, India, through Multivariate Analysis: A Study in Seasonal and Sub-Watershed Variations
Water 2022, 14(15), 2359; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14152359 - 30 Jul 2022
Viewed by 607
Abstract
The Arkavathi River, one of the major tributaries of the Cauvery River in southern India, is a major source of drinking water and agricultural irrigation to villages and townships in the region. Surface water quality distribution and characteristics of the Arkavathi Reservoir catchment [...] Read more.
The Arkavathi River, one of the major tributaries of the Cauvery River in southern India, is a major source of drinking water and agricultural irrigation to villages and townships in the region. Surface water quality distribution and characteristics of the Arkavathi Reservoir catchment and command area were evaluated using multivariate statistical analysis on 29 water quality parameters collected across 30 monitoring stations over a two-year, three-season period. Factor analysis (FA), agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC), analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t-tests were used to reveal strong links between parameters and to reveal significant variations in their concentration levels with respect to monsoon seasons and sampling locations across the sub-watersheds. Results from factor analysis showed strong groupings of specific parameters across seasons, while results from clustering revealed distinct clusters of sampling points around the river, upstream from the reservoir (where human activity is high), in the command area downstream from the reservoir (where irrigation activity is similar), in hilly regions towards the northeast of the study area and in the scrubland regions. Based on multivariate analysis findings, specific recommendations are made for water quality improvement in the reservoir catchment and command area. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Monitoring, Analysis and Restoration of Lakes)
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