Editorial Board Members' Collection Series: Natural Ice/Snow and Human: From Mountain to Sea

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "New Sensors, New Technologies and Machine Learning in Water Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 December 2024 | Viewed by 1072

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
Interests: ice physical and mechanical properties; ice engineering; polar sciences and technology; ecosystem under ice; physical modeling
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Guest Editor
School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Interests: ploar ship; ice-structure interaction; ice load; ice navigation; ice management; ice model test; numerical modelling; ice resistance; propeller
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Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland
Interests: fluid–structure interaction in the ocean; hydrodynamic of high-speed boats; wave–ice interactions; water waves; ocean renewable energy; polar seas
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Guest Editor
1. Department of Mechanical and Structural Engineering and Materials Science, University of Stavanger, P.O. Box 8600 Forus, N-4036 Stavanger, Norway
2. Adjunct Professor University of Tromsø, The Arctic University, Tromsø, Norway
3. Adjunct Professor Western Norwegian University College, Haugesund, Norway
Interests: marine technology; marine operations; wave conditions; marine concepts and vessels; cold climate engineering

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The cryosphere, comprising snow, river and lake ice, sea ice, glaciers, ice shelves and ice sheets, and frozen ground, plays a major role in the Earth's climate system through its impact on the surface energy budget, the water cycle, primary productivity, surface gas exchange and sea level. Therefore, the cryosphere is a fundamental control on the natural sciences, engineering sciences and social sciences. Because a lot of human live in the cold regions, ice is part of their life. With climate changes, the impact and adaptation from cryosphere elements become urgent, and ice as well as ice engineering are point events. Therefore, understanding the properties of ice/snow behaviours, and their actions and applications in hydrology, ecology and engineering are useful for Earth Sciences, Engineering Sciences and Social Sciences in cold regions.

This special issue will cover ice/snow physical, thermal, mechanical, optical, and electrical properties and their applications in differnent fields,. The scope will also include the theoretical studies and practice applications in remote sensing, investigation, experiments and numerical modellings in cold regions snow/ice forming and melting processes, contributions in ecosystem, behaviours in engineering and entertainment. The other topics closely related to this issue are also welcome. We will invate the famous scientists to contribute the leading level reviews and papers, and hope their contribution can guide future ice science and engineering in polar and sub-polar regions under climate changes, can guide the research directions of young scholars and students.

Prof. Dr. Zhijun Li
Prof. Dr. Li Zhou
Dr. Sasan Tavakoli
Prof. Dr. Em. Ove Tobias Gudmestad
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • cryosphere, glacier ice
  • lake ice
  • river ice
  • sea ice
  • ice/snow properties
  • engineering
  • ice-structure interaction
  • ice-wave interaction
  • ecosystem
  • remote sensing
  • observations and investigations
  • numerical modeling
  • ice-period water environment
  • physical modeling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

16 pages, 9148 KiB  
Article
Numerical Simulation of Radiatively Driven Convection in a Small Ice-Covered Lake with a Lateral Pressure Gradient
by Sergei Smirnov, Alexander Smirnovsky, Galina Zdorovennova, Roman Zdorovennov, Tatiana Efremova, Nikolay Palshin and Sergey Bogdanov
Water 2023, 15(22), 3953; https://doi.org/10.3390/w15223953 - 14 Nov 2023
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Abstract
The results of a numerical simulation of radiatively driven convection (RDC) in a small ice-covered lake with a lateral pressure gradient are shown. RDC influences aquatic ecosystems as convective flow transfers heat and dissolved and suspended matter through the water column. There is [...] Read more.
The results of a numerical simulation of radiatively driven convection (RDC) in a small ice-covered lake with a lateral pressure gradient are shown. RDC influences aquatic ecosystems as convective flow transfers heat and dissolved and suspended matter through the water column. There is a hypothesis that a continuum of convective cells with areas of ascending and descending water flows exists in a convective mixed layer (CML). Until now, little has been known about how the structure of the CML changes in lakes with lateral transport. In this work, the evolution of the CML in the computational domain with a lateral pressure gradient over several days is reproduced using an Implicit Large Eddy Simulation. We show that after a few days of lateral pressure gradient occurrence, convective cells are replaced by rolls oriented along the lateral transport direction. The change in the CML’s turbulence patterns under a lateral pressure gradient is confirmed by Anisotropic Invariant Map analysis. The study revealed a heterogeneity of pulsations of the horizontal and vertical velocity components over the entire depth of the CML and showed that when a horizontal gradient is present, the velocity pulsations generally increase. Full article
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