Special Issue "The Nuclear Physics of Neutron Stars"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 November 2022 | Viewed by 3757
Neutron stars are considered extraordinary astronomical laboratories for the physics of nuclear matter as they have the most fascinating constitution of energy and matter in the Universe. Recently, the detection of gravitational waves from the merger of two neutron stars, in a binary neutron-star system, opened a new window to explore the physics of neutron stars. In particular, the majority of the static, as well as the dynamical processes of neutron stars, are sensitively dependent on the employed equation of state. However, the knowledge of the equation of state, especially at high densities, is very uncertain and, therefore, the relevant predictions and estimations are suffering.
One of the long-standing subjects in astrophysics is the determination of the maximum mass of a neutron star (non-rotating and rotating). Neutron stars are directly related to the formation of black holes (Kerr black holes), connecting two of the most important astrophysical objects. As a consequence, the maximum neutron star mass is of great interest in studying the effect of both neutron stars and black holes on the dynamics of supernovae explosion.
Furthermore, neutron stars, due to their compactness, may rotate very fast compared to other astrophysical objects. In particular, measurement of specific properties of rapidly rotating neutron stars (including the mass and radius, frequency, moment of inertia, quadrupole moment, etc.) may lead to robust constraints on the equation of state, as well as on the constitute of nuclear matter at very high densities.
The propose of this Special Issue is to collect contributions exploring modern applications of the theory of nuclear matter in neutron stars, as well as proposed ideas to constrain the equation of state both of cold and hot nuclear matter (low/high densities) with the help of recent observations including mainly observational data form radio-pulsars, X-rays sources, gamma-ray burst sources, etc. as well as the detection of gravitational waves originating from neutron stars mergers. We wish to invite both original and review papers to this Special Issue along the lines mentioned above.
Dr. Charalampos Moustakidis
Manuscript Submission Information
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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- neutron stars
- equation of state of nuclear matter
- gravitational waves
- cold and hot nuclear matter
- binary neutron star systems