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Sustainable Directions in Tourism

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2019) | Viewed by 111524

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Department of Economics and Business, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Interests: outsourcing; service operations; tourism management; hospitality management; supply chain management
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Within the framework of tourism companies and tourist destinations, the question of sustainability is gaining importance. Tourists are increasingly aware of the importance of sustainability criteria, awarding greater value to sustainable destinations. Sustainability refers to a wide range of aspects related to climate change, the economic organization of tourism, social values or questions, job creation, and the necessary protection of the culture of destinations and the environment. Therefore, there is a need for studies that consider these aspects in order to achieve a sustainable development of tourist destinations. It is fundamental to discover to what degree tourism companies and destinations approach these questions in the strategies they use to deal with problems stemming from their attempts to be more sustainable. Conceptual papers and empirical research on economic, social, cultural, and environmental aspects related to tourism companies and destinations are welcome. Studies that analyse how these questions and the concept of sustainability are included in tourism companies and destinations are necessary in these modern times. For this reason, this Special Issue will be launched, dedicated to examining sustainability. The papers included in this Special Issue can help us to determine the new directions being addressed in the research on sustainability tourism.

Dr. Tomás Espino-Rodríguez
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • tourism and sustainability
  • economic organization of tourism and tourism firms
  • culture and tourist destinations/tourism firms
  • environment and management of tourist destinations and tourism companies
  • values and tourism
  • employment and tourism

Published Papers (17 papers)

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19 pages, 278 KiB  
Article
“On Holidays, I Forget Everything… Even My Ecological Footprint”: Sustainable Tourism through Daily Practices or Compartmentalisation as a Keyword?
by Amélie Anciaux
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4731; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174731 - 30 Aug 2019
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 3194
Abstract
In today’s struggle against climate change and for less dependence on fossil fuels, why do people who adopt practices with a lower impact on the environment forget them during their holidays? This contribution sheds new light on sustainable tourism by focusing on daily [...] Read more.
In today’s struggle against climate change and for less dependence on fossil fuels, why do people who adopt practices with a lower impact on the environment forget them during their holidays? This contribution sheds new light on sustainable tourism by focusing on daily practices during holidays. Based on the concrete practices of holidaymakers, this contribution proposes to understand some factors and contexts favouring the persistence, the transformation or the abandonment of sustainable practice(s) during holidays. The theoretical framework of this research mainly draws on social practice theories. The empirical material is made of 38 biographical in-depth and crossed interviews: twenty on daily practices with young adults (25–35 years old) who have adopted at least one more sustainable daily practice and who went on holidays for the past year reinforced by 18 interviews with some of their parents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
14 pages, 1046 KiB  
Article
Forecasting Hotel Accommodation Demand Based on LSTM Model Incorporating Internet Search Index
by Binru Zhang, Yulian Pu, Yuanyuan Wang and Jueyou Li
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4708; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174708 - 29 Aug 2019
Cited by 37 | Viewed by 4042
Abstract
Accurate forecasting of the hotel accommodation demands is extremely critical to the sustainable development of tourism-related industries. In view of the ever-increasing tourism data, this paper constructs a deep learning framework to handle the prediction problem in the hotel accommodation demands. Taking China’s [...] Read more.
Accurate forecasting of the hotel accommodation demands is extremely critical to the sustainable development of tourism-related industries. In view of the ever-increasing tourism data, this paper constructs a deep learning framework to handle the prediction problem in the hotel accommodation demands. Taking China’s Hainan province as an empirical example, the internet search index is used from August 2008 to May 2019 to forecast the overnight passenger flows for hotels accommodation in Hainan Province, China. Forecasting results indicate that compared to benchmark models, the constructed forecasting method can effectively simulate dynamic characteristics of the overnight passenger flows for the hotel accommodation and significantly improve the forecasting performance of the model. Forecasting results can provide necessary references for decision-making in tourism-related industries, and this forecasting framework can also be extended to other similar complex time series forecasting problems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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21 pages, 5838 KiB  
Article
Semantic Icons: A Sentiment Analysis as a Contribution to Sustainable Tourism
by Juan Pablo Vázquez Loaiza, Antonio Pérez-Torres and Karol Marylin Díaz Contreras
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4655; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174655 - 27 Aug 2019
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 4766
Abstract
The construction of this research was developed to reflect the way information and communication technologies (ICT) have transformed the tourist distribution channel. This phenomenon has caused, in the first place, the direct interaction between tourists and tourism operators and, second, the appearance of [...] Read more.
The construction of this research was developed to reflect the way information and communication technologies (ICT) have transformed the tourist distribution channel. This phenomenon has caused, in the first place, the direct interaction between tourists and tourism operators and, second, the appearance of real virtual intermediation actors, a situation that disadvantages the activity of traditional travel agencies and causes immersions in reintermediation processes at risk of compromising its permanence in the market. On the other hand, in a sustainable tourism context, this work represents an opportunity for intermediation agencies in terms of a value management practice as they can develop sustainable promotion processes that promote, for example, the protection of the territory, the conservation of resources, and cultural rescue. Therefore, according to travel agencies, to directly influence the distribution chain, we verified this work to demonstrate the use of digital language as a benefit in the design of sustainable tourism products. Thus, from the methodological discipline of discourse analysis, we created sets of words with semantic content that were valued through the sentiment scales of the Facebook social media network. The results showed that digital promotion favors airline companies and hostels more than a sustainable tourism environment as such. Finally, from the study of probability and density equations, predictive models were used to configure linguistic icons in promoting sustainable tourism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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24 pages, 1889 KiB  
Article
Evaluating Sustainable Purchasing Processes in the Hotel Industry
by Manuel-Francisco Morales-Contreras, Paloma Bilbao-Calabuig, Carmen Meneses-Falcón and Victoria Labajo-González
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4262; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164262 - 7 Aug 2019
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 4686
Abstract
Managing sustainability along the supply chain has gained significant relevance in recent years, in both academic and business environments. The aim of this research paper is to describe and evaluate the degree of implementation of sustainable purchasing (SP) in the supply chain of [...] Read more.
Managing sustainability along the supply chain has gained significant relevance in recent years, in both academic and business environments. The aim of this research paper is to describe and evaluate the degree of implementation of sustainable purchasing (SP) in the supply chain of the hotel sector in Spain, as well as to identify the main drivers and barriers to effective implementation. This is done from the double perspective of hotel chains and suppliers (industrial laundries). An exploratory and inductive qualitative methodology has been adopted, consisting of (a) observation; (b) collection, review, and analysis of primary sources; and (c) in-depth interviews with 15 managers of hotel chains and suppliers. This triangulation of data sources provides validity and credibility to the results and reduces any potential bias. Evidence is found to support that SP is at an early stage of implementation in the hotel sector in Spain, with big differences among companies. The results suggest that the main drivers and barriers to effective implementation are final customers, governments, market conditions, management commitment, and conflicts in customer/supplier interests. The authors propose a new classification of companies based on the size, type, and degree of implementation of SP. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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16 pages, 1590 KiB  
Article
Electricity Forecasting Improvement in a Destination Using Tourism Indicators
by Oscar Trull, Angel Peiró-Signes and J. Carlos García-Díaz
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3656; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133656 - 3 Jul 2019
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 4150
Abstract
The forecast of electricity consumption plays a fundamental role in the environmental impact of a tourist destination. Poor forecasting, under certain circumstances, can lead to huge economic losses and air pollution, as prediction errors usually have a large impact on the utilisation of [...] Read more.
The forecast of electricity consumption plays a fundamental role in the environmental impact of a tourist destination. Poor forecasting, under certain circumstances, can lead to huge economic losses and air pollution, as prediction errors usually have a large impact on the utilisation of fossil fuel-generation plants. Due to the seasonality of tourism, consumption in areas where the industry represents a big part of the economic activity follows a different pattern than in areas with a more regular economic distribution. The high economic impact and seasonality of the tourist activity suggests the use of variables specific to it to improve the electricity demand forecast. This article presents a Holt–Winters model with a tourism indicator to improve the effectiveness on the electricity demand forecast in the Balearic Islands (Spain). Results indicate that the presented model improves the accuracy of the prediction by 0.3%. We recommend the use of this type of model and indicator in tourist destinations where tourism accounts for a substantial amount of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), we can control a significant amount of the flow of tourists and the electrical balance is controlled mainly by fossil fuel power plants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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18 pages, 245 KiB  
Article
Adopters versus Non-Adopters of the Green Key Ecolabel in the Dutch Accommodation Sector
by Eelco Buunk and Edwin van der Werf
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3563; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133563 - 28 Jun 2019
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 4160
Abstract
Accommodation providers such as hotels, campsites, and holiday villages can use ecolabels to show their green credentials to potential customers. Whereas there is extensive literature on ecolabel adoption in the Hotel and Bed and Breakfast (B & B) sector, no such research exists [...] Read more.
Accommodation providers such as hotels, campsites, and holiday villages can use ecolabels to show their green credentials to potential customers. Whereas there is extensive literature on ecolabel adoption in the Hotel and Bed and Breakfast (B & B) sector, no such research exists for other accommodation sectors. In this paper, we present the results of statistical analyses of survey data from firms in the Dutch accommodation sector (including hotels, campsites, and group accommodations) with and without the Green Key ecolabel, which is a third-party certified international label for the tourist and leisure sector. We obtain insights into the motivations for adopting (or not), analyze the characteristics of firms with and without the label, and get an indication of the perceived impact of ecolabel adoption on costs and profits. We find that previously found results for hotels and B & Bs do not always apply to other subsectors of the accommodation sector. We also find that obtaining the label required a limited investment for almost half of the sample, and resulted in cost reductions for more than half of the responding firms. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
15 pages, 998 KiB  
Article
Determinants of Behavioral Intentions in the Context of Sport Tourism with the Aim of Sustaining Sporting Destinations
by Yunduk Jeong, Suk-Kyu Kim and Jae-Gu Yu
Sustainability 2019, 11(11), 3073; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11113073 - 31 May 2019
Cited by 49 | Viewed by 5277
Abstract
This study was undertaken to examine structural relationships between event quality, tourist satisfaction, place attachment, and behavioral intentions with emphasis on the mediating effects of tourist satisfaction and place attachment on relations between event quality and behavioral intentions in the context of a [...] Read more.
This study was undertaken to examine structural relationships between event quality, tourist satisfaction, place attachment, and behavioral intentions with emphasis on the mediating effects of tourist satisfaction and place attachment on relations between event quality and behavioral intentions in the context of a small-scale recurring sporting event. Responses obtained from 350 attendees were collected and analyzed. Results showed positive impacts of (a) event quality, tourist satisfaction and place attachment on behavioral intentions, (b) event quality and tourist satisfaction on place attachment, and (c) event quality on tourist satisfaction, and demonstrated (d) tourist satisfaction and place attachment partially mediate relationships between event quality and behavioral intentions and that (e) place attachment partially mediates the relationship between tourist satisfaction and behavioral intentions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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11 pages, 233 KiB  
Article
Assessing Tourists’ Preferences of Negative Externalities of Environmental Management Programs: A Case Study on Invasive Species in Shei-Pa National Park, Taiwan
by Tzu-Ming Liu and Chia-Mei Tien
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2953; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102953 - 24 May 2019
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2732
Abstract
This study uses discrete choice experiments to evaluate and reduce the environmental impact of negative externalities of managing invasive alien species (IAS), such as “ecological shock”, “health risk”, “waiting time” “tour range” and “prevention and control fee”, on the support of IAS prevention [...] Read more.
This study uses discrete choice experiments to evaluate and reduce the environmental impact of negative externalities of managing invasive alien species (IAS), such as “ecological shock”, “health risk”, “waiting time” “tour range” and “prevention and control fee”, on the support of IAS prevention and control. We used data from Taiwan’s Shei-Pa National Park and its visitors for the case study and obtained 602 valid questionnaires. The results indicate that visitors consider that each unit of externality of IAS prevention and control measures significantly reduces their utility, and the magnitude equals the estimated value of externality. However, although negative externalities are inevitable, the support for IAS prevention and control measures could be maximized by adjusting the types and proportions of negative externalities. For example, visitors are willing to sacrifice up to 1.41% of the tour range in exchange for a 1% reduction in ecological shock. This study summarizes the negative externalities of IAS prevention and control measures and proposes to adjust the combination of negative externalities to reduce the shocks of those IAS prevention and control measures on the public, so as to increase the public support for IAS policies and increase the sustainability of tourism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
14 pages, 452 KiB  
Article
Community-Based Tourism as a Sustainable Direction in Destination Development: An Empirical Examination of Visitor Behaviors
by Heesup Han, Taeyeon Eom, Amr Al-Ansi, Hyungseo Bobby Ryu and Wansoo Kim
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2864; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102864 - 20 May 2019
Cited by 31 | Viewed by 7588
Abstract
Community-based tourism is an emerging form of sustainable tourism. Community-based tourism often brings various financial/non-financial benefits to local communities and maximizes sustainability at the local level. The present study was designed to uncover the role of community-based tourism performance in elucidating travelers’ post-purchase [...] Read more.
Community-based tourism is an emerging form of sustainable tourism. Community-based tourism often brings various financial/non-financial benefits to local communities and maximizes sustainability at the local level. The present study was designed to uncover the role of community-based tourism performance in elucidating travelers’ post-purchase decision-making process for sustainable destination products by considering the moderating effect of sense of belonging. A quantitative approach was adopted for the achievement of the research objective. A field survey conducted at community-based tourism destinations was utilized for data collection. The acceptable level of the measurement quality was demonstrated. The results of the structural equation modeling provided empirical evidence that community-based tourism performance significantly affects the formation of travelers’ post-purchase intentions. In addition, the adequacy of the higher-order structure of community-based tourism performance was identified. The community-based tourism performance and intention relationship was also moderated by sense of belonging. With a lack of empirical research about community-based tourism, the findings of this research significantly add to the existing body of knowledge in sustainable tourism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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18 pages, 328 KiB  
Article
Estimating the Impact of Air Pollution on Inbound Tourism in China: An Analysis Based on Regression Discontinuity Design
by Daxin Dong, Xiaowei Xu and Yat Fung Wong
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1682; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061682 - 20 Mar 2019
Cited by 40 | Viewed by 7620
Abstract
Prior studies have suggested the existence of a reverse causality relationship between air quality and tourism development: while air quality influences tourism, dynamic segments of the tourism industry (e.g., cruising, airline, foodservice) have impacts on air quality. This reverse causality hinders a precise [...] Read more.
Prior studies have suggested the existence of a reverse causality relationship between air quality and tourism development: while air quality influences tourism, dynamic segments of the tourism industry (e.g., cruising, airline, foodservice) have impacts on air quality. This reverse causality hinders a precise estimate on the effect of air pollution on tourism development within a conventional econometric framework, since the variable of air pollution is endogenous. This study estimates the impact of air pollution on the inbound tourism industry in China, by controlling for endogeneity based on a regression discontinuity design (RDD). The estimate is derived from a quasi-experiment generated by China’s Huai River Policy, which subsidizes coal for winter heating in northern Chinese cities. By analyzing data from 274 Chinese cities during the period 2009–2012, it is found that air pollution significantly reduces the international inbound tourism: an increase of PM 10 (particulate matter smaller than 10 μ m) by 0.1 mg/m 3 will cause a decline in the tourism receipts-to-local gross domestic product (GDP) ratio by 0.45 percentage points. This study also highlights the importance of controlling for endogeneity, since the detrimental impact of air pollution would otherwise be considerably underestimated. This study further demonstrates that, although air pollution is positively correlated with the average expenditure of each tourist, it substantially depresses the number of inbound tourists. The results imply that air quality could potentially influence inbound tourists’ city destination choices. However, it is interesting to note that travelers in air polluted cities in China tend to spend more money. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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24 pages, 1699 KiB  
Article
Agritourism-A Sustainable Development Factor for Improving the ‘Health’ of Rural Settlements. Case Study Apuseni Mountains Area
by Ramona Ciolac, Tabita Adamov, Tiberiu Iancu, Gabriela Popescu, Ramona Lile, Ciprian Rujescu and Diana Marin
Sustainability 2019, 11(5), 1467; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051467 - 9 Mar 2019
Cited by 91 | Viewed by 19022
Abstract
Agritourism is a complex activity, a chance maybe today to ensure both human health and the “health” of the environment and rural settlements in order to achieve a most wanted desideratum, the sustainability of the rural environment. The idea of this paper starts [...] Read more.
Agritourism is a complex activity, a chance maybe today to ensure both human health and the “health” of the environment and rural settlements in order to achieve a most wanted desideratum, the sustainability of the rural environment. The idea of this paper starts from the trend of the current period, meaning the strong emphasis on natural, organic, bio, in all human activities, health and environment, in a word, sustainability. The necessity of implementing the sustainability of activities, health and environment in rural areas, taking into account the agritourism field, was a subject pursued in the study, taking as area of study the mountainous rural environment, the reason of this choice deriving from the fact that the mountain area offers great opportunities for agritourism development, the practice of which is even necessary in the current period. The sustainability of agritourism on rural health and environment cannot be dissociated from the economic, social and cultural life of the community in which it manifests itself, and has a multiplier effect on all the domains with which it interacts. So the purpose of the paper is to follow the development of the agritourism field and, based on some present information, to make a future forecast for some specific indicators, to highlight the representative aspects related to the development and capitalization of guesthouses from a rural mountain environment through agritourism and to come up with a forecast for future transformations that need to take place in the studied area in order to support the sustainable development of the human environment through agritourism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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19 pages, 735 KiB  
Article
A Strategic Approach to Sustainable Tourism Development Using the A’WOT Hybrid Method: A Case Study of Zonguldak, Turkey
by Nermin Kişi
Sustainability 2019, 11(4), 964; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11040964 - 13 Feb 2019
Cited by 74 | Viewed by 21083
Abstract
Nowadays, tourism-led economic growth has become a major outcome of the public policy. Researchers have recently begun to address the development of tourism from a perspective that is based on economic, cultural, social, and environmental sustainability. This paper aims at presenting a strategic [...] Read more.
Nowadays, tourism-led economic growth has become a major outcome of the public policy. Researchers have recently begun to address the development of tourism from a perspective that is based on economic, cultural, social, and environmental sustainability. This paper aims at presenting a strategic approach that can help to develop sustainable tourism at touristic destinations. In order to pursue our aim, the A’WOT (AHP-SWOT) hybrid method, developed in combination with SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis and the AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) method, was used. SWOT analysis was used to determine the significant strategic factors, and the AHP method was applied to prioritize these factors. The province of Zonguldak, located in Northwest Turkey, was chosen as the research area to suggest tourism strategies that can be sustainable by means of the application of the A’WOT method. Proposed strategies for the research area are related to product diversification and event management, the image of the destination, a sustainable visitor management system, promotion and branding strategies, partnerships, and cooperation. The results illustrate that the dependent economic structure may be broken down with the development of the tourism industry and, therefore, that some strategic initiatives are required to achieve sustainable tourism in the province. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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17 pages, 4721 KiB  
Article
Economic Valuation of Green Island, Taiwan: A Choice Experiment Method
by Han-Shen Chen and Chu-Wei Chen
Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020403 - 15 Jan 2019
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 5020
Abstract
The evaluation of ecological security and ecosystem services is now a core issue in the field of natural and environmental resources. Quantifying the economic value of island ecosystem services can inform policy decisions that affect the island and help justify expenditures on ecosystem [...] Read more.
The evaluation of ecological security and ecosystem services is now a core issue in the field of natural and environmental resources. Quantifying the economic value of island ecosystem services can inform policy decisions that affect the island and help justify expenditures on ecosystem service improvements. This study investigates the preferences of residents and tourists regarding Green Island and estimates willingness-to-pay (WTP) values for island ecosystem services using a choice experiment. The results indicate significant differences between the preferences of residents and tourists regarding island environmental resources. Therefore, based on the multiple attributes and ecosystem services, this study formulated three assessment schemes: “environmental protection”, “recreational development”, and “integrated operation and management”. Based on our analysis of the problems reflected in the aforementioned valuation models, we recommend that policy makers refer to environmental attribute preferences to create statements or advertisements targeting relevant audiences when planning island development. This paper contributes to the literature by demonstrating how the economic valuation of island ecosystem services can help design and target island conservation policies in order to maximize welfare. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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18 pages, 1391 KiB  
Article
Regional Tourism Clustering Based on the Three Ps of the Sustainability Services Marketing Matrix: An Example of Central and Eastern European Countries
by Gabriela Koľveková, Erika Liptáková, Ľubomír Štrba, Branislav Kršák, Csaba Sidor, Michal Cehlár, Samer Khouri and Marcel Behún
Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 400; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020400 - 14 Jan 2019
Cited by 20 | Viewed by 5095
Abstract
The impact of tourism on quality of life standards in regions is significant in terms of people, planet, and profit. This paper examines the subnational NUTS 2 level regions, (in line with Eurostat) by applying several interlinked and connected indicators. Adopting the three [...] Read more.
The impact of tourism on quality of life standards in regions is significant in terms of people, planet, and profit. This paper examines the subnational NUTS 2 level regions, (in line with Eurostat) by applying several interlinked and connected indicators. Adopting the three Ps (people, planet, profit) of the Sustainability Services Marketing Mix, this article discusses the fusion of 54 regions of Central and Eastern Europe (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Slovenia, Romania, and Bulgaria) into clusters according to the selected accommodation tourism indicators used by the European Statistical Agency (Eurostat) to evaluate tourism. Since many variables of the Prague region significantly exceed the values of the remaining regions, this region has been considered as an individual cluster, excluded from the cluster analysis. The cluster analysis resulted in the definition of six clusters consisting of regions with similar indicators’ statistics characteristics. The presented approach changes the traditional approach to clusters in tourism and provokes thinking about new criteria of clustering and solutions in the field of tourism, especially when considering future cooperation, competitiveness, and sustainable development. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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19 pages, 3350 KiB  
Article
Evaluation of All-for-One Tourism in Mountain Areas Using Multi-Source Data
by Hou Jiang, Yaping Yang and Yongqing Bai
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4065; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114065 - 6 Nov 2018
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 3670
Abstract
All-for-one tourism is a new viewpoint of tourism development involving overall planning and cooperative mechanisms. Over the past few years, the researchers have put forward many conceptual models to guide the top-level design and specific practice of all-for-one tourism. However, these studies mainly [...] Read more.
All-for-one tourism is a new viewpoint of tourism development involving overall planning and cooperative mechanisms. Over the past few years, the researchers have put forward many conceptual models to guide the top-level design and specific practice of all-for-one tourism. However, these studies mainly focus on social, economic and cultural effect in mature tourism areas, lacking comprehensive analysis from geographical perspective and neglecting the underdeveloped regions. In this paper, we attempt to apply geographic information system technology to tourism evaluation, exploring the approach of all-for-one tourism development in mountain regions. Zunyi city is selected as the research region and evaluated on the abundance, quality and spatial pattern of tourism resources, climate comfort, natural disaster possibility, and convenience of infrastructure or social service. Multi-source datasets collected from websites, reanalysis data, remote sensing products and observation stations are used. Based on data analysis, some recommendations including enriching cultural tourism products through cultural creativity, ensuring regional coordinated development through spatial optimization, respecting the spatiotemporal characteristics of climate and the laws of nature, and strengthening construction of infrastructure, are discussed to promote the healthy development of all-for-one tourism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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25 pages, 1281 KiB  
Article
How Physical Environment Impacts Visitors’ Behavior in Learning-Based Tourism—The Example of Technology Museum
by Heng Zhang, Po-Chien Chang and Ming-Fong Tsai
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 3880; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113880 (registering DOI) - 25 Oct 2018
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 7182
Abstract
Visiting a museum is a popular activity in the tourism industry, especially in cultural and learning-based tourism. To help plan museums effectively, this study investigated the underlying motivations and constraints and their impact on the perceived physical environment and visitor satisfaction toward a [...] Read more.
Visiting a museum is a popular activity in the tourism industry, especially in cultural and learning-based tourism. To help plan museums effectively, this study investigated the underlying motivations and constraints and their impact on the perceived physical environment and visitor satisfaction toward a museum. The results suggest that the physical environment of museums serves as an axial mediator among motivations, constraints and visitor satisfaction. Six essential factors of physical environment are affected by motivations and constraints, further affecting visitor satisfaction in various patterns, in which architectural planning, exhibition, external environment, and entrance are clearly affected by basic motivations and constraints. Under motivations, family education and self-development are the most two profound influences on enhancing visitor satisfaction through the physical environment. Shops and café are worth special attention in meeting motivation of attractiveness, occasion and social interaction. The results could support the planning and design of a satisfactory museum. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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1 pages, 181 KiB  
Erratum
Erratum: Vázquez Loaiza, J.P., et al. Semantic Icons: A Sentiment Analysis as a Contribution to Sustainable Tourism. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4655
by Juan Pablo Vázquez Loaiza, Antonio Pérez-Torres and Karol Marylin Díaz Contreras
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 9837; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239837 - 25 Nov 2020
Viewed by 1094
Abstract
The authors would like to make the following correction about the published paper [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Directions in Tourism)
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