Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications

A special issue of Polymers (ISSN 2073-4360). This special issue belongs to the section "Polymer Chemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 February 2023) | Viewed by 15747

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
Interests: functional materials for environmental and energy applications; mesoporous materials for gas absorption and organic molecules storage; combined cancer therapy including multi drug delivery and bio-imaging
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Guest Editor
William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Interests: porous nanomaterials; drug delivery; bioimaging; graphene

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Guest Editor
Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Interests: supramolecular polymer; self-assembly; pillar[n]arene; liquid crystalline; photoluminescent

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Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda 10250, Sri Lanka
Interests: organic synthesis; supramolecular chemistry; natural products chemistry; cyclodextrin; self-assembly

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue on Functional polymeric systems for advanced industrial applications is devoted to the dissemination of high-quality original research articles or comprehensive reviews on cutting-edge developments in this interdisciplinary field. Functional polymeric systems constitute of a diverse family of novel molecular architectures which include conjugated porous polymers, organic-inorganic hybrid oligomeric/polymeric materials, supramolecular polymers and self-assembled networks, as well as metal ligated polymers. Those polymeric systems with multi-dimensional morphologies and particular physiochemical properties, which includes external stimuli responsiveness, could be prepared by different synthetic strategies such as general polymerization, organic and supramolecular approaches, as well as diverse manufacturing procedures such as the sounded 3D/4D printing. Thus obtained polymeric systems have wide applications to a series of advanced industrial fields such as sensors, electronics, smart materials, storage and adsorption of significant molecules, novel energy solutions, as well as biomedicines.

Thus, an in-depth understanding of chemical, physical, instrumental characterization, manufacturing, and advanced industrial application of functional polymeric systems/materials is highly relevant to the performance and development of any functional polymeric systems/materials. Both original contributions and comprehensive reviews are welcome.

With a focus on functional polymeric systems/materials in advanced industrial applications, potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Synthesis of polymeric materials;
  • Instrumental characterization of polymeric materials;
  • Physical/chemical properties of polymeric materials;
  • Theory and simulation of polymeric materials;
  • Advanced manufacturing of polymeric materials;
  • Processing and performance of polymeric materials;
  • Advanced industrial applications of functional polymeric systems.

Prof. Dr. Huacheng Zhang
Prof. Dr. Kim Truc Nguyen
Prof. Dr. Jie Han
Dr. Isurika R. Fernando
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Polymers is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • porous polymers
  • organic–inorganic hybrid oligomeric/polymeric materials
  • supramolecular polymers and self-assembled networks
  • metal-ligated polymers
  • sensors and electronics
  • smart materials
  • supramolecular hydrogels
  • storage and adsorption of significant molecules
  • novel energy solutions
  • biomedicines

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Editorial

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2 pages, 157 KiB  
Editorial
Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications
by Huacheng Zhang
Polymers 2023, 15(5), 1277; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym15051277 - 2 Mar 2023
Viewed by 994
Abstract
Functional polymeric systems constitute a huge family of novel hierarchical architectures categorized by different polymeric shapes, such as linear, brush-like, star-like, dendrimer-like and network-like ones; various components, such as organic–inorganic hybrid oligomeric/polymeric materials and metal-ligated polymers; different features, such as porous polymers; and [...] Read more.
Functional polymeric systems constitute a huge family of novel hierarchical architectures categorized by different polymeric shapes, such as linear, brush-like, star-like, dendrimer-like and network-like ones; various components, such as organic–inorganic hybrid oligomeric/polymeric materials and metal-ligated polymers; different features, such as porous polymers; and diverse approaching strategies and driving forces, such as conjugated/supramolecular/mechanical force-based polymers and self-assembled networks [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications)

Research

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9 pages, 1397 KiB  
Communication
Ultralong-Lived Up-Conversional Room-Temperature Afterglow Materials with a Polyvinyl Alcohol Substrate
by Lulu Zhou, Bin Wu, Ben Shi, Xinyan Zhu, Shen Shen and Liangliang Zhu
Polymers 2022, 14(12), 2414; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14122414 - 14 Jun 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2653
Abstract
Room-temperature afterglow (RTA) materials have a wide range of applications in imaging, lighting, and therapy, due to their long lifetime and persistent luminescence after the light source is removed. Additionally, near-infrared light with low energy and a high penetration rate ensures its irreplaceable [...] Read more.
Room-temperature afterglow (RTA) materials have a wide range of applications in imaging, lighting, and therapy, due to their long lifetime and persistent luminescence after the light source is removed. Additionally, near-infrared light with low energy and a high penetration rate ensures its irreplaceable importance in imaging and therapy. Thus, it is vital to design RTA materials excited by NIR. In the present study, we select up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) as the donor and add them into hybrids, obtained by dispersing coronene tetra-carboxylate salt (CS) into a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-substrate through a series of mixing methods. Through radiation energy transfer between the donor UCNPs and the acceptor CS, a kind of RTA film with a photoluminescence lifetime of more than 2 s under NIR excitation was successfully achieved, and these films could maintain persistent naked-eye-distinguishable luminescence after withdrawing the excitation light source. Furthermore, the films obtained from UCNP doping into CS/PVA hybrids were found to exhibit better RTA performance than those from smearing. This idea of up-conversion afterglow broadens the tuning and application scope for polymer-based luminescent materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications)
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8 pages, 2025 KiB  
Article
Hierarchical Co(OH)2 Dendrite Enriched with Oxygen Vacancies for Promoted Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction
by Tingting Zhou, Zhen Cao, Xishi Tai, Lei Yu, Jian Ouyang, Yunfei Li and Jitao Lu
Polymers 2022, 14(8), 1510; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081510 - 8 Apr 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1549
Abstract
It is critical to develop efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts with high catalytic properties for overall water splitting. Electrocatalysts with enriched vacancies are crucial for enhancing the catalytic activity of OER through defect engineering. We demonstrated the dealloying method in a reducing [...] Read more.
It is critical to develop efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts with high catalytic properties for overall water splitting. Electrocatalysts with enriched vacancies are crucial for enhancing the catalytic activity of OER through defect engineering. We demonstrated the dealloying method in a reducing alkaline solution using the Co5Al95 alloy foil as a precursor to produce a new oxygen-vacancy-rich cobalt hydroxide (OV−Co(OH)2) hierarchical dendrite. The as-synthesised OV−Co(OH)2 showed superior electrocatalytic activities toward OER when compared to pristine cobalt hydroxide (p–Co(OH)2), which had a low onset overpotential of only 242 mV and a small Tafel slope of 64.9 mV dec−1. Additionally, for the high surface area provided by the hierarchical dendrite, both p–Co(OH)2 and OV−Co(OH)2 showed a superior activity as compared to commercial catalysts. Furthermore, they retained good catalytic properties without remarkably decaying at an overpotential of 350 mV for 12 h. The as-made OV−Co(OH)2 has prospective applications as an anode electrocatalyst in electrochemical water-splitting technologies with the advantages of superior OER performances, large surface area and ease of preparation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications)
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15 pages, 4604 KiB  
Article
In Situ Construction of Thermotropic Shape Memory Polymer in Wood for Enhancing Its Dimensional Stability
by Wenhao Zhang, Jianchao Zhou, Zhijin Cao, Xinxing Wu, Hui Wang, Shuaibo Han, Yan Zhang, Fangli Sun and Ting Zhang
Polymers 2022, 14(4), 738; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14040738 - 14 Feb 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2180
Abstract
The extension of wood to a wider field has been restrained significantly due to its dimensional instability that arises from variation in moisture content, which in turn brings about the risk of cracking, warping or distortion. This work proposed a novel strategy to [...] Read more.
The extension of wood to a wider field has been restrained significantly due to its dimensional instability that arises from variation in moisture content, which in turn brings about the risk of cracking, warping or distortion. This work proposed a novel strategy to stabilize wood by means of the in situ construction of a thermotropic shape memory polymer (SMP) inside wood. The cross-linked copolymer network (PMP) with good shape memory behavior was first investigated based on the reaction of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA) in a water/ethanol solution; then, the PMP was constructed inside wood via vacuum-pressure impregnation and in situ polymerization. The weight gain, volume increment and morphology observations clearly revealed that the PMP was mainly present in wood cell lumens, cell walls and pits. The presence of PMP significantly enhanced the dimensional stability of and reduced the cracks in wood. The desirable shape recovery abilities of PMP under heating-cooling cycles were considered to be the main reasons for wood dimensional stabilization, because it could counteract the internal stress or retard the shrinkage of cell walls once water was evaporated from the wood. This study provided a novel and reliable approach for wood modification. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications)
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14 pages, 3891 KiB  
Article
Retrovirus Drugs-Loaded PEGylated PAMAM for Prolonging Drug Release and Enhancing Efficiency in HIV Treatment
by Thi Thinh Nguyen, Bao Phu Nguyen, Dinh Tien Dung Nguyen, Ngoc Hoi Nguyen, Dai Hai Nguyen and Cuu Khoa Nguyen
Polymers 2022, 14(1), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14010114 - 29 Dec 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2042
Abstract
Polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM) with its unique characteristics emerges as a potential drug delivery system which can prolong releasing time, reduce the side effects but still retaining treatment efficiency. In this study, methoxy polyethylene glycol modified PAMAM generation 3.0 (G3.0@mPEG) is prepared and characterized [...] Read more.
Polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM) with its unique characteristics emerges as a potential drug delivery system which can prolong releasing time, reduce the side effects but still retaining treatment efficiency. In this study, methoxy polyethylene glycol modified PAMAM generation 3.0 (G3.0@mPEG) is prepared and characterized via 1H-NMR, FT-IR, and TEM. Subsequently, two antiretroviral agents (ARV) including lamivudine (3TC) and zidovudine (AZT) are individually encapsulated into G3.0@mPEG. The drug-loading efficiency, drug release profile, cytotoxicity and anti-HIV activity are then evaluated. The results illustrate that G3.0@mPEG particles are spherical with a size of 34.5 ± 0.2 nm and a drug loading content of about 9%. Both G3.0@mPEG and [email protected]@mPEG show no cytotoxicity on BJ cells, and G3.0@mPEG loading 3TC and AZT performs sustained drug release behavior which is best fitted with the Korsmeyer–Peppas model. Finally, the anti-HIV activity of ARV via Enzymatic Assay of Pepsin is retained after being loaded into the G3.0@mPEG, in which about 36% of pepsin activity was inhibited by AZT at the concentration of 0.226 mM. Overall, PAMAM G3.0@mPEG is a promising nanocarrier system for loading ARV in HIV treatment and prevention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications)
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18 pages, 16632 KiB  
Article
The Efficacy of Silver-Based Electrospun Antimicrobial Dressing in Accelerating the Regeneration of Partial Thickness Burn Wounds Using a Porcine Model
by Thien Bui-Thuan Do, Tien Ngoc-Thuy Nguyen, Minh Hieu Ho, Nghi Thi-Phuong Nguyen, Thai Minh Do, Dai Tan Vo, Ha Thi-Ngoc Hua, Thang Bach Phan, Phong A. Tran, Hoai Thi-Thu Nguyen, Toi Van Vo and Thi-Hiep Nguyen
Polymers 2021, 13(18), 3116; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13183116 - 15 Sep 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 3237
Abstract
(1) Background: Wounds with damages to the subcutaneous are difficult to regenerate because of the tissue damages and complications such as bacterial infection. (2) Methods: In this study, we created burn wounds on pigs and investigated the efficacy of three biomaterials: polycaprolactone-gelatin-silver membrane [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Wounds with damages to the subcutaneous are difficult to regenerate because of the tissue damages and complications such as bacterial infection. (2) Methods: In this study, we created burn wounds on pigs and investigated the efficacy of three biomaterials: polycaprolactone-gelatin-silver membrane (PCLGelAg) and two commercial burn dressings, Aquacel® Ag and UrgoTulTM silver sulfadiazine. In vitro long-term antibacterial property and in vivo wound healing performance were investigated. Agar diffusion assays were employed to evaluate bacterial inhibition at different time intervals. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and time-kill assays were used to compare antibacterial strength among samples. Second-degree burn wounds in the pig model were designed to evaluate the efficiency of all dressings in supporting the wound healing process. (3) Results: The results showed that PCLGelAg membrane was the most effective in killing both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria bacteria with the lowest MBC value. All three dressings (PCLGelAg, Aquacel, and UrgoTul) exhibited bactericidal effect during the first 24 h, supported wound healing as well as prevented infection and inflammation. (4) Conclusions: The results suggest that the PCLGelAg membrane is a practical solution for the treatment of severe burn injury and other infection-related skin complications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications)
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Review

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13 pages, 3408 KiB  
Review
Hybrid Macrocyclic Polymers: Self-Assembly Containing Cucurbit[m]uril-pillar[n]arene
by Zhaona Liu, Zhizheng Li, Bing Li, Le Zhou, Huacheng Zhang and Jie Han
Polymers 2022, 14(9), 1777; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14091777 - 27 Apr 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1924
Abstract
Supramolecular self-assembly by hybrid macrocycles containing both cucurbit[m]uril (CB[m]) and pillar[n]arene was discussed and summarized in this review. Due to different solubility, diverse-sized cavities, and various driving forces in recognizing guests, the role of CB[m] and pillar[n]arene in such hybrid macrocyclic systems could [...] Read more.
Supramolecular self-assembly by hybrid macrocycles containing both cucurbit[m]uril (CB[m]) and pillar[n]arene was discussed and summarized in this review. Due to different solubility, diverse-sized cavities, and various driving forces in recognizing guests, the role of CB[m] and pillar[n]arene in such hybrid macrocyclic systems could switch between competitor in capturing specialized guests, and cooperator for building advanced hybridized macrocycles, by controlling their characteristics in host–guest inclusions. Furthermore, both CB[m] and pillar[n]arene were employed for fabricating advanced supramolecular self-assemblies such as mechanically interlocked molecules and supramolecular polymers. In those self-assemblies, CB[m] and pillar[n]arene played significant roles in, e.g., microreactor for catalyzing particular reactions to bridge different small pieces together, molecular “joint” to connect different monomers into larger assemblies, and “stabilizer” in accommodating the guest molecules to adopt a favorite structure geometry ready for assembling. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymeric Systems for Advanced Industrial Applications)
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