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Special Issue "Advances in Antibacterial Nanomaterials and Surface"
A special issue of Nanomaterials (ISSN 2079-4991). This special issue belongs to the section "Biology and Medicines".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2022) | Viewed by 3104
Special Issue Editor
Interests: biomimetic nanostructured surfaces; nanofabrication; biomaterials
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Special Issue in Materials: Physical Anti-Bacterial Nanostructured Biomaterials
Special Issue Information
The threat of a global rise of untreatable infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria calls for the design and fabrication of a new generation of smart antimicrobial materials. Following the discovery of the efficient, bacteria-killing nature of insect wing surfaces, the properties of these biological nanostructures have recently become the subject of intense investigation, promising to play a large role in combating the emerging, worldwide epidemic of “super-bugs”.
The formation of bacterial biofilms has been prevented for many years through adapting the physical and chemical properties of a variety of medical tools, particularly the surfaces of instruments and implants. Recent studies of insect wings have shown that they are covered with nano-pillared arrays lethal to most species of pathogenic bacteria. Rather than relying on a combination of physical and chemical properties to combat biofilm formation, the mechanism of the antibacterial activity of nanostructured surfaces has been described in terms of purely physical, “mechano-bactericidal” effects.
The fabrication of synthetic antibacterial surfaces was first inspired by the anti-wetting and anti-biofouling properties of insect wings, and other topologies found in nature. Synthetic antibacterial, micro- and nano-structured, biomimetic surfaces fabricated on an array of different materials are the key in fighting non-pathogenic and pathogenic bacteria.
Prof. Dr. Elena Ivanova
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