Special Issue "Natural Compound to Biocontrol Agrarian Pests"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2019
Prof. Dr. Antonio Evidente
Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples “Federico II”, Complesso Universitario Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia 4, 80126 Napoli, Italy
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Interests: ecology; biological control; plant pathology plant physiology; organic chemistry; bioactive natural substances; natural product isolation and characterization; spectroscopy; biopolymer for formulation of natural products
Pests, including weedy and parasitic plants, microbial pathogens, insect, etc., are one of the most serious problems for agriculture, affecting the production of healthy harvest in sufficient amounts, as they also infests economically important crops causing marked losses in agrarian yield. Pests also generate significant ecological problems, in particular to forests, ornamental heritages, archaeological areas, and green-house pasture industries. Agrarian pests include pathogenic fungi and bacteria that infect the host plants frequently causing their death, weed and parasitic plants, such as Striga, Orobanche, Phelipanche, and Cuscuta, which are root parasitic plants that acquire nutrients and water from their host causing significant harm, and insects that seriously damage or completely eat their hosts. Several management strategies have been applied to control the agrarian production, including mechanical, cultural, chemical, and biological strategies, but they have not provided a satisfactory solution to plant pest diffusion. The massive use of chemicals, including fungicides, bacteriocides, herbicides, and insecticides, differing widely with respect to their spectrum of action, unit activity, crop safety, toxicology, and environmental effects, has increased pest resistance; in addition, environmental and toxicological concerns raise questions over their large-scale use. These problems urge to focus on developing alternative strategies based on the use of natural products, in particular, bacterial, fungal, and plant metabolites, alone as natural pesticides, or in combination with producers or allelopathic plants extracts or root exudates, for a more efficient, integrated management. The development of new, efficient, and safe formulations of natural pesticides is one of the most important objectives to be reached. The complexation of natural products with available or new biopolymers could also be a means to enhance the bioavailability of poorly soluble metabolites by increasing their solubility in water.
Prof. Dr. Antonio Evidente
Manuscript Submission Information
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- safe pesticides (bacteriocides, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides)
- source and chemical characterization
- natural products
- biological activities
- chemical modification
- formulation in biopolymers
- integrated management