Special Issue "Micromachined Environmental Sensors"

A special issue of Micromachines (ISSN 2072-666X). This special issue belongs to the section "C:Chemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 25 November 2019.

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Hyoung Jin Cho Website E-Mail
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
Interests: MEMS fabrication; microsensors and microactuators; microfluidic devices
Guest Editor
Prof. Woo Hyoung Lee Website E-Mail
Department of Civil, Environmental and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
Phone: 407-823-1206
Interests: environemntal monitoring; electrochemistry; microsensors; water/wastewater treatment

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Man-made pollution with emerging contaminants and its hazardous impact on environment and human health call out for innovative technological measures. The critical environmetal indicators have been traditionally obtained by gas chromatography (GC), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). These analyses, however, are often based on laborious procedures and cannot be applied to rapid, in situ, on-site detection when the time-sensitive, dynamic assessements are crucial.  As an increasing number of various sensors are interconnected and produce meaningful data in the era of IoT (internet of things), miniaturized sensors will be able to contribute to the rich data sets for real-time understanding of environmental conditions. The scope of this special issue includes but not limited to sensors for measuring physical, chemical and biological species and conditions in conjunction with environmental changes that arise from or impact on human activities. Various types of transducers based on, for example, chemiresistive, electrochemical and photoelectric working principles can be discussed as well as an array of fabrication technologies based on photolithography, soft lithography and direct printing methods, etc., for producing such devices on rigid and flexible substrates. Authors are welcome to propose novel environment-friendly methods in the design, fabrication and depolyment stages of environmental sensors as well.

Prof. Dr. Hyoung Jin Cho
Prof. Woo Hyoung Lee
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Micromachines is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • environmental sensors
  • air quality
  • water quality
  • pollution
  • in-situ analysis
  • sensor manufacturing

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessCommunication
Fabrication of MoO3 Nanowire-based Membrane Devices for the Selective Adsorption of Cationic Dyes from Aqueous Solutions with High Performance and Reusability
Micromachines 2019, 10(9), 586; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10090586 - 31 Aug 2019
Abstract
A series of ultralong (up to tens of micrometers) MoO3 nanowire-based membranes were synthesized for the treatment of aqueous solutions containing the cationic dyes methylene blue (MB) and rhodamine B (RhB). This treatment method possesses extremely rapid and superhigh adsorbability (up to [...] Read more.
A series of ultralong (up to tens of micrometers) MoO3 nanowire-based membranes were synthesized for the treatment of aqueous solutions containing the cationic dyes methylene blue (MB) and rhodamine B (RhB). This treatment method possesses extremely rapid and superhigh adsorbability (up to 521 and 321 mg/g for MB and RhB, respectively), as well excellent selective adsorption ability of cationic dyes with respect to the anionic dye methyl orange (MO). Moreover, the cationic dyes on the membrane can be desorbed easily, and reusability is good. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micromachined Environmental Sensors)
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Open AccessArticle
A Novel Bismuth-Chitosan Nanocomposite Sensor for Simultaneous Detection of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) in Wastewater
Micromachines 2019, 10(8), 511; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10080511 - 31 Jul 2019
Abstract
A novel bismuth (Bi)-biopolymer (chitosan) nanocomposite screen-printed carbon electrode was developed using a Bi and chitosan co-electrodepositing technique for detecting multiple heavy metal ions. The developed sensor was fabricated with environmentally benign materials and processes. In real wastewater, heavy metal detection was evaluated [...] Read more.
A novel bismuth (Bi)-biopolymer (chitosan) nanocomposite screen-printed carbon electrode was developed using a Bi and chitosan co-electrodepositing technique for detecting multiple heavy metal ions. The developed sensor was fabricated with environmentally benign materials and processes. In real wastewater, heavy metal detection was evaluated by the developed sensor using square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV). The nanocomposite sensor showed the detection limit of 0.1 ppb Zn2+, 0.1 ppb Cd2+ and 0.2 ppb Pb2+ in stock solutions. The improved sensitivity of the Bi-chitosan nanocomposite sensor over previously reported Bi nanocomposite sensors was attributed to the role of chitosan. When used for real wastewater samples collected from a mining site and soil leachate, similar detection limit values with 0.4 ppb Cd2+ and 0.3 ppb Pb2+ were obtained with relative standard deviations (RSD) ranging from 1.3% to 5.6% (n = 8). Temperature changes (4 and 23 °C) showed no significant impact on sensor performance. Although Zn2+ in stock solutions was well measured by the sensor, the interference observed while detecting Zn2+ in the presence of Cu2+ was possibly due to the presence of Cu-Zn intermetallic species in mining wastewater. Overall, the developed sensor has the capability of monitoring multiple heavy metals in contaminated water samples without the need for complicated sample preparation or transportation of samples to a laboratory. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micromachined Environmental Sensors)
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