Special Issue "Design and Manufacturing of Bioinspired Material and Structures"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Manufacturing Processes and Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 10 April 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Xiangjia Li
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Interests: additive manufacturing; bioinspired design; programmable material; biomanufacturing
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Dr. Yang Yang
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical Engineering, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
Interests: energy harvesting; 3D printing; bioinspired structures; multifunctional composites; wearable sensors
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Prof. Dr. Tsz Ho Kwok
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, QC H3G 1M8, Canada
Interests: additive manufacturing; 4D printing; polymer; design for additive manufacturing; topology optimization; generative design; lattice structure
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Recently, a paradigm shift in modern materials science and technology from geometry-centered usage to function-focused applications is taking place. Nature has developed high-performance materials and structures over millions of years of evolution, providing valuable inspiration for the design of next generation functional structures and materials. However, the complicated structural architectures in nature far exceed the capability of traditional design and fabrication technologies, which hinders the progress of biomimetic study and its use in engineering systems. Biomimetic design and manufacturing promote possibilities in manipulating and mimicking the multiscale, multimaterial, and multifunctional structures with excellent acoustical, optical, electrical, thermal, mechanical, and hydrodynamic properties, to name but a few examples. 

The aim of this SI is to understand the basic design principles and physical/chemical mechanisms that determine optimized structural organization in biological systems and its relationship to function. Moreover, based on the identified physical/chemical principle, we wish to investigate pathways for the synthesis and manufacturing of biomimetic materials and structures. This SI will focus on research advances in the areas of bioinspired advanced design and manufacturing of functional structures and materials for future engineering systems. The growth of bioinspired design and manufacturing technology will open intriguing perspectives for developing materials and structures on the basis of novel manufacturing processes together with new computer-aided design and simulation methods.

Dr. Xiangjia Li
Dr. Yang Yang
Prof. Dr. Tsz Ho Kwok
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • design, modeling, and simulation of bioinspired structures and material systems for 3D printing
  • field (electric, magnetic, acoustic, optical, shear force, thermal, etc.) assisted 3D printing
  • templating (gas, ice, salt, sugar, etc.) based 3D printing
  • innovative 3D printing processes for bioinspired material and structures fabrication
  • 4D printing of active materials
  • 3D printing of bioinspired metamaterials and metasurfaces
  • 3D printing of electronic devices (circuits, sensors, antennas, piezoelectrics, thermoelectrics, optoelectronics, etc.)
  • 3D printing of energy harvest, storage, and conversion devices (batteries, supercapacitors, solar cells, fuel cells, etc.)
  • 3D printing of bioinspired functional surfaces (hydrophobic, oleophobic, hydrodynamic, microfluidic, etc.)
  • advanced applications of bioinspired 3D printing in mechanics, optics, and thermal physics

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Analysis and Design of Lattice Structures for Rapid-Investment Casting
Materials 2021, 14(17), 4867; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174867 - 27 Aug 2021
Viewed by 402
This paper aims to design lattice structures for rapid-investment casting (RIC), and the goal of the design methodology is to minimize casting defects that are related to the lattice topology. RIC can take full advantage of the unprecedented design freedom provided by AM. [...] Read more.
This paper aims to design lattice structures for rapid-investment casting (RIC), and the goal of the design methodology is to minimize casting defects that are related to the lattice topology. RIC can take full advantage of the unprecedented design freedom provided by AM. Since design for RIC has multiple objectives, we limit our study to lattice structures that already have good printability, i.e., self-supported and open-celled, and improve their castability. To find the relationship between topological features and casting performance, various lattice topologies underwent mold flow simulation, finite element analysis, casting experiments, and grain structure analysis. From the results, the features established to affect casting performance in descending order of importance are relative strut size, joint number, joint valence, and strut angle distribution. The features deemed to have the most significant effect on tensile and shear mechanical performance are strut angle distribution, joint number, and joint valence. The practical application of these findings is the ability to optimize the lattice topology with the end goal of manufacturing complex lattice structures using RIC. These lattice structures can be used to create lightweight components with optimized functionality for various applications such as aerospace and medical. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Design and Manufacturing of Bioinspired Material and Structures)
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