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Functional Fiber Materials for Aeronautical and Aerospace Applications

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Smart Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 10 June 2024 | Viewed by 3122

Special Issue Editor

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Guest Editor
CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, Physics Department, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
Interests: photonics; optics for aerospace; optical sensors; optical devices; machine learning for optics
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As is well known, the increased use of composite structures in the aeronautical industry in recent decades, with newer aircraft made largely of composite material, produced many new fruitful contributions to the progress of the structural health monitoring (SHM) area for composite aeronautical and aerospace structures. Applying SHM in the aeronautical and aerospace industries has not yet fully matured, and particularly their applications to composite structures are challenging. A realistic aircraft maintenance scenario, such requires a full damage diagnostic on all four SHM levels, meaning damage detection, damage localization, damage type identification and damage severity. Presently the scientific, industrial, and end-user communities generally view optical sensors and smart materials as technologies with the highest potential for continuous real-time monitoring of aircraft structures and, finally, tracking some critical biochemical parameters and also destructive contaminants.

Optical sensors, which can include optical fiber-based sensors, have also found applications in feeding back real-time measurements of weight distribution, reliable aviation fuel gauging sensors or even water content detection and online monitoring in aviation fuel. Further to this, the distributed optical sensors are able to test the structural integrity of the wings and fuselage (following the four SHM levels mentioned) as well as judge the performance of the engines, icing on the wings, loading on the landing gear, and importantly, the cockpit environment (not only in commercial aircraft but also military ones). In this way, with the continuous development of autopilot systems and flight assistance systems, pilot performance and air safety from the cockpits (temperature, humidity, pressure, and also detecting biological contaminants aboard aircraft, for example) needs to be improved significantly. The pilot behavior recognition based on multi-modality fusion technology using physiological features acquired online as well as critical parameters.

The link between optical fiber sensors and smart materials technologies is very important for such a topic more than ever.

In this Special Issue, it is my pleasure to invite you to submit manuscripts related to this critical topic. Full papers, communications, and reviews are all welcome.

You may choose our Joint Special Issue in Sensors.   

Dr. Carlos Marques
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • smart sensing
  • aeronautical
  • optical fiber technology
  • safety
  • aero-biosensors

Published Papers (1 paper)

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29 pages, 29931 KiB  
Multifunctional Integration of Optical Fibers and Nanomaterials for Aircraft Systems
by Carlos Marques, Arnaldo Leal-Júnior and Santosh Kumar
Materials 2023, 16(4), 1433; - 08 Feb 2023
Cited by 25 | Viewed by 2700
Smart sensing for aeronautical applications is a multidisciplinary process that involves the development of various sensor elements and advancements in the nanomaterials field. The expansion of research has fueled the development of commercial and military aircrafts in the aeronautical field. Optical technology is [...] Read more.
Smart sensing for aeronautical applications is a multidisciplinary process that involves the development of various sensor elements and advancements in the nanomaterials field. The expansion of research has fueled the development of commercial and military aircrafts in the aeronautical field. Optical technology is one of the supporting pillars for this, as well as the fact that the unique high-tech qualities of aircrafts align with sustainability criteria. In this study, a multidisciplinary investigation of airplane monitoring systems employing optical technologies based on optical fiber and nanomaterials that are incorporated into essential systems is presented. This manuscript reports the multifunctional integration of optical fibers and nanomaterials for aircraft sector discussing topics, such as airframe monitoring, flight environment sensing (from temperature and humidity to pressure sensing), sensors for navigation (such as gyroscopes and displacement or position sensors), pilot vital health monitoring, and novel nanomaterials for aerospace applications. The primary objective of this review is to provide researchers with direction and motivation to design and fabricate the future of the aeronautical industry, based on the actual state of the art of such vital technology, thereby aiding their future research. Full article
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