Special Issue "Polymer Optical Fibre"

A special issue of Photonics (ISSN 2304-6732).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 April 2020).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Beatriz Ortega
Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Telecommunications and Multimedia Applications, Universitat Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Interests: optical fiber communications, microwave photonics, optical networks, visible light communications, polymer optical fibers

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Polymer optical fibers (POF) have been proved during the last years as very attractive fibers due to large sensitivity to external environment, biocompatibility and easy handling amongst other advantages. Short distance telecommunications and sensing have been identified as fields with an increasing number of potential applications.

Local area networks and interconnection based on polymer optical fibers have been demonstrated with successful data rates whereas further work on new materials and components is identified as a promising field for increasing the scope of these fibers. Moreover, sensors based on polymer optical fiber technology have been proposed a long time ago, nonetheless, they are currently under dynamic and fruitful fundamental and applied research with upcoming new applications and developments. In this context, polymer optical fiber technology is a growing research and application area at the intersection of health and general engineering.

The purpose of this Special Issue is to collect advances in fundamental research, development of technologies, as well as innovative applications of polymer optical fibers for communications and sensing.  

It is our pleasure to invite you to submit original research papers, short communications or state-of-the-art reviews within the scope of this Special Issue. Contributions can range from fundamental properties of polymer fibers, their fabrication and characterization, as well as innovations in processing technologies for the development of applications.

Topics include, but not limited, theoretical and experimental original work on the following:

  • New polymer fibers: materials and special structures (photonic crystal fibers, S-, U- D-type, etc)
  • Polymer optical fiber networks: indoor, in-vehicles, etc.
  • Multiformat signal transmission over polymer fibers
  • POF transceivers
  • Multiplexing/Demultiplexing techniques in POF networks
  • Physical, chemical, mechanical, electromagnetic, biological and medical sensors
  • Sensors based on colorimetry, evanescent wave and infrared spectroscopies
  • Plasmonic based sensors
  • Interferometers and polarimetric configurations (as FP cavities, MMI, Michelson, Mach-Zehnder, Sagnac, among others)
  • Micro and nano fabrication, smart structures and sensors including: gratings (FBG, LPFG), tapers, etched configurations
  • Functionalization methods and thin films coatings (Including metals, oxides and graphene)
  • Sensor networking and distributed sensing
  • New concepts for photonic sensing
  • Applications including, but not limited to: aquaculture, mechanical, civil, pharmaceutical, oil and gas industries, human and animal health monitoring, environment monitoring, harsh environments, food processing and monitoring, medical instrumentation.

Prof. Beatriz Ortega
Dr. Carlos Marques
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Photonics is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • polymer fibers
  • microstructured fibers
  • POF sensors
  • POF networks
  • POF components

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
Refractive Index Sensor Based on Twisted Tapered Plastic Optical Fibers
Photonics 2019, 6(2), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics6020040 - 09 Apr 2019
Cited by 9
Abstract
We proposed a refractive index (RI) sensor employing two twisted tapered plastic optical fibers (POFs). The tapered POFs were fabricated by a heating and drawing method and were twisted around each other to form a coupled structure. The sensor consisted of two input [...] Read more.
We proposed a refractive index (RI) sensor employing two twisted tapered plastic optical fibers (POFs). The tapered POFs were fabricated by a heating and drawing method and were twisted around each other to form a coupled structure. The sensor consisted of two input ports, a twisted region, and two output ports. The tapered POF could make the light couple from one POF to the other easily. The twisted tapered POFs could constitute a self-referencing sensor, and by monitoring the changes of the coupling ratio, the variations of the external medium RIs could be measured. The RI sensing performances for the sensors with different fiber diameters and twisted region lengths were studied. The sensitivities of 1700%/RIU and −3496%/RIU in the RI ranges of 1.37–1.41 and 1.41–1.44 were obtained, respectively. The sensor is a low-cost solution for liquid RI measurement, which has the features of simple structure and easy fabrication. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Optical Fibre)
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Review

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Open AccessReview
Overcoming Challenges in Large-Core SI-POF-Based System-Level Modeling and Simulation
Photonics 2019, 6(3), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics6030088 - 02 Aug 2019
Abstract
The application areas for plastic optical fibers such as in-building or aircraft networks usually have tight power budgets and require multiple passive components. In addition, advanced modulation formats are being considered for transmission over plastic optical fibers (POFs) to increase spectral efficiency. In [...] Read more.
The application areas for plastic optical fibers such as in-building or aircraft networks usually have tight power budgets and require multiple passive components. In addition, advanced modulation formats are being considered for transmission over plastic optical fibers (POFs) to increase spectral efficiency. In this scenario, there is a clear need for a flexible and dynamic system-level simulation framework for POFs that includes models of light propagation in POFs and the components that are needed to evaluate the entire system performance. Until recently, commercial simulation software either was designed specifically for single-mode glass fibers or modeled individual guided modes in multimode fibers with considerable detail, which is not adequate for large-core POFs where there are millions of propagation modes, strong mode coupling and high variability. These are some of the many challenges involved in the modeling and simulation of POF-based systems. Here, we describe how we are addressing these challenges with models based on an intensity-vs-angle representation of the multimode signal rather than one that attempts to model all the modes in the fiber. Furthermore, we present model approaches for the individual components that comprise the POF-based system and how the models have been incorporated into system-level simulations, including the commercial software packages SimulinkTM and ModeSYSTM. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Optical Fibre)
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Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceReview
Multifunctional Smart Optical Fibers: Materials, Fabrication, and Sensing Applications
Photonics 2019, 6(2), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics6020048 - 06 May 2019
Cited by 9
Abstract
This paper presents a review of the development of optical fibers made of multiple materials, particularly including silica glass, soft glass, polymers, hydrogels, biomaterials, Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and Polyperfluoro-Butenylvinyleth (CYTOP). The properties of the materials are discussed according to their various applications. Typical fabrication [...] Read more.
This paper presents a review of the development of optical fibers made of multiple materials, particularly including silica glass, soft glass, polymers, hydrogels, biomaterials, Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and Polyperfluoro-Butenylvinyleth (CYTOP). The properties of the materials are discussed according to their various applications. Typical fabrication techniques for specialty optical fibers based on these materials are introduced, which are mainly focused on extrusion, drilling, and stacking methods depending on the materials’ thermal properties. Microstructures render multiple functions of optical fibers and bring more flexibility in fiber design and device fabrication. In particular, micro-structured optical fibers made from different types of materials are reviewed. The sensing capability of optical fibers enables smart monitoring. Widely used techniques to develop fiber sensors, i.e., fiber Bragg grating and interferometry, are discussed in terms of sensing principles and fabrication methods. Lastly, sensing applications in oil/gas, optofluidics, and particularly healthcare monitoring using specialty optical fibers are demonstrated. In comparison with conventional silica-glass single-mode fiber, state-of-the-art specialty optical fibers provide promising prospects in sensing applications due to flexible choices in materials and microstructures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Optical Fibre)
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Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceReview
Latest Achievements in Polymer Optical Fiber Gratings: Fabrication and Applications
Photonics 2019, 6(2), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics6020036 - 29 Mar 2019
Cited by 7
Abstract
Grating devices in polymer optical fibers (POFs) have attracted huge interest for many potential applications in recent years. This paper presents the state of the art regarding the fabrication of different types of POF gratings, such as uniform, phase-shifted, tilted, chirped, and long [...] Read more.
Grating devices in polymer optical fibers (POFs) have attracted huge interest for many potential applications in recent years. This paper presents the state of the art regarding the fabrication of different types of POF gratings, such as uniform, phase-shifted, tilted, chirped, and long period gratings, and explores potential application scenarios, such as biosensing and optical communications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Optical Fibre)
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