Special Issue "Selected Papers from Advances of Japanese Machine Design"

A special issue of Machines (ISSN 2075-1702). This special issue belongs to the section "Machines Testing and Maintenance".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2020) | Viewed by 8546

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Yukio Takeda
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1, Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
Interests: mechanical systems design; kinematics; dynamics; robotics; assistive devices; machine elements; actuators
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Kenji Hashimoto
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical Engineering Informatics, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashi-Mita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 214-8571, Japan
Interests: mechanical systems design; legged robots; humanoid robots
Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Carbone
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical, Energy, and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, Italy
Interests: robotics; robot design; mechatronics; walking hexapod; design procedure; mechanics of machinery; leg–wheel
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Research activities of the Japanese Council of IFToMM mainly focus on the theory, design, practice, and application of mechanism and machine design. Several international collaborative works have been done and are being extended with several partners. This Special Issue contains a selection of the best papers presented at the 25th Jc-IFToMM Symposium 2019 (2nd International Jc-IFToMM Symposium) on recent advances in the research areas covered by IFToMM. Novel results and solutions in the broad field of machine design, achieved in Japan as well as with international collaborations mainly within the IFToMM community, are presented.

Prof. Dr. Yukio Takeda
Prof. Dr. Kenji Hashimoto
Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Carbone
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Machines is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Kinematics
  • Machine elements
  • Actuators
  • Gearing and transmissions
  • Linkage and cam
  • Mechanism design
  • Dynamics of machinery
  • Tribology
  • Vehicle mechanism, dynamics, and design
  • Reliability
  • Experimental method in mechanism
  • Robotics and mechatronics
  • Biomechanics
  • Micro/nano mechanism and machine
  • Medical/welfare devices
  • Nature and machines
  • Design methodology
  • History of mechanism and machine science
  • Education in mechanism and machine science

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

Communication
Strategy for Application of Support Object for Fall Prevention in the Elderly Based on Balance Recovery Characteristics
Machines 2020, 8(4), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines8040060 - 07 Oct 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1002
Abstract
This research proposes a strategy for applying support objects—equipment, tools, and even furniture/environment from which humans can receive reaction force through their hands—for fall prevention in the elderly. This paper presents an assessment example of support objects based on balance recovery characteristics and [...] Read more.
This research proposes a strategy for applying support objects—equipment, tools, and even furniture/environment from which humans can receive reaction force through their hands—for fall prevention in the elderly. This paper presents an assessment example of support objects based on balance recovery characteristics and a discussion regarding their application according to the assessment results. The balance recovery characteristics depend on the direction in which reaction force can be obtained based on the shape of the support object and direction in which the force is easily exerted on the hand. Evaluation indices for assessing the height and shape of nonportable support objects and determining a position of the tip on the ground of a cane, a typical portable support object, in the anterior direction are briefly introduced based on the authors’ previous works. The strategy for the application of support objects utilizing the evaluation indices is proposed; better use of support objects, their locations, new-shaped ones, and support devices with a new design concept are discussed and introduced based on the values of the calculated indices according to the type/usage of the support objects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Advances of Japanese Machine Design)
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Article
Automated Kinematic Analysis of Closed-Loop Planar Link Mechanisms
Machines 2020, 8(3), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines8030041 - 23 Jul 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1181
Abstract
The systematic kinematic analysis method for planar link mechanisms based on their unique procedures can clearly show the analysis process. The analysis procedure is expressed by a combination of many kinds of conversion functions proposed as the minimum calculation units for analyzing a [...] Read more.
The systematic kinematic analysis method for planar link mechanisms based on their unique procedures can clearly show the analysis process. The analysis procedure is expressed by a combination of many kinds of conversion functions proposed as the minimum calculation units for analyzing a part of the mechanism. When it is desired to perform this systematic kinematics analysis for a specific linkage mechanism, expert researchers can accomplish the analysis by searching for the procedure by themselves, however, it is difficult for non-expert users to find the procedure. This paper proposes the automatic procedure extraction algorithm for the systematic kinematic analysis of closed-loop planar link mechanisms. By limiting the types of conversion functions to only geometric calculations that are related to the two-link chain, the analysis procedure can be represented by only one type transformation function, and the procedure extraction algorithm can be described as a algorithm searching computable 2-link chain. The configuration of mechanism is described as the “LJ-matrix”, which shows the relationship of connections between links with pairs. The algorithm consists of four sub-processes, namely, “LJ-matrix generator”, “Solver process”, “Add-link process”, and “Over-constraint resolver”. Inputting the sketch of the mechanism into the proposed algorithm, it automatically extracts unique analysis procedure and generate a kinematic analysis program as a MATLAB code based on it. Several mechanisms are analyzed as examples to show the usefulness of the proposed method. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Advances of Japanese Machine Design)
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Article
Performance Analysis of Low-Cost Tracking System for Mobile Robots
Machines 2020, 8(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines8020029 - 02 Jun 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1288
Abstract
This paper proposes a reliable and straightforward approach to mobile robots (or moving objects in general) indoor tracking, in order to perform a preliminary study on their dynamics. The main features of this approach are its minimal and low-cost setup and a user-friendly [...] Read more.
This paper proposes a reliable and straightforward approach to mobile robots (or moving objects in general) indoor tracking, in order to perform a preliminary study on their dynamics. The main features of this approach are its minimal and low-cost setup and a user-friendly interpretation of the data generated by the ArUco library. By using a commonly available camera, such as a smartphone one or a webcam, and at least one marker for each object that has to be tracked, it is possible to estimate the pose of these markers, with respect to a reference conveniently placed in the environment, in order to produce results that are easily interpretable by a user. This paper presents a simple extension to the ArUco library to generate such user-friendly data, and it provides a performance analysis of this application with static and moving objects, using a smartphone camera to highlight the most notable feature of this solution, but also its limitations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Advances of Japanese Machine Design)
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Article
Kineto-Static Analysis of a Wrist Rehabilitation Robot with Compliance and Passive Joints for Joint Misalignment Compensation
Machines 2020, 8(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines8020023 - 02 May 2020
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1440
Abstract
In this paper, we present a kineto-static analysis on a wrist rehabilitation robot to compensate for joint misalignment between human and robot joints. Since joint misalignment has proved to generate user–device interaction forces, which reduce the comfort and safety of the wearable devices [...] Read more.
In this paper, we present a kineto-static analysis on a wrist rehabilitation robot to compensate for joint misalignment between human and robot joints. Since joint misalignment has proved to generate user–device interaction forces, which reduce the comfort and safety of the wearable devices and limit the user’s willingness to use it. The use of compliance and the addition of passive joints for joint misalignment compensation are discussed. In order to study the effect of the initial offset, we find that the initial offset in the direction perpendicular to the forearm causes a larger unwanted force. In addition, the use of the softest compliance can minimize unwanted force by 38% compared to the case without compliance. Furthermore, the effect of the addition of passive joints to the exoskeleton is investigated. From the analysis results, the soft part of the human being is regarded as a passive joint with the ability to compensate for joint misalignment. Moreover, the influence of the soft characteristics of human limbs should be considered when designing a wearable robot. This soft property, causing the movement of the braces, results in reducing the angular range of the wrist. Through the analysis results, we provide effective ideas for joint misalignment compensation to fulfill a comfortable and safer robot design. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Advances of Japanese Machine Design)
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Article
Enhancing Energy Efficiency of a 4-DOF Parallel Robot Through Task-Related Analysis
Machines 2020, 8(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines8010010 - 25 Feb 2020
Cited by 17 | Viewed by 1617
Abstract
Enhancing energy efficiency is one of the main challenges of today’s industrial robotics and manufacturing technology. In this paper a task-related analysis of the energetic performance of a 4-DOF industrial parallel robot is presented, and the optimal location of a predefined task with [...] Read more.
Enhancing energy efficiency is one of the main challenges of today’s industrial robotics and manufacturing technology. In this paper a task-related analysis of the energetic performance of a 4-DOF industrial parallel robot is presented, and the optimal location of a predefined task with respect to the robot workspace is investigated. An optimal position of the task relative to the robot can indeed reduce the actuators’ effort and the energy consumption required to complete the considered operation. The dynamic and electro-mechanical models of the manipulators are developed and implemented to estimate the energy consumption of a parametrized motion with trapezoidal speed profile, i.e., a pick-and-place operation. Numerical results provide energy consumption maps that can be adopted to place the starting and ending points of the task in the more energy-efficient location within the robot workspace. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Advances of Japanese Machine Design)
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Article
Linkage and Cam Design with MechDev Based on Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines
Machines 2020, 8(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines8010005 - 21 Jan 2020
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1466
Abstract
Several software products exist in order to support engineers during the mechanism design process. The software “Mechanism Developer” (abbr. MechDev) is one of these products. MechDev provides many functionalities concerning the kinematic and kinetostatic analysis of mechanisms based on revolute, prismatic as well [...] Read more.
Several software products exist in order to support engineers during the mechanism design process. The software “Mechanism Developer” (abbr. MechDev) is one of these products. MechDev provides many functionalities concerning the kinematic and kinetostatic analysis of mechanisms based on revolute, prismatic as well as cam joints. This paper will introduce the software MechDev and will outline these functionalities. Furthermore, it will name the advantages of MechDev compared to other software products. In order to give an impression of the functionality of the software, this paper also includes a special use case. This use case describes a cam mechanism with a prismatic roller-follower. In order to optimize the transmission angle of the cam mechanism, the cam is actuated by a servo drive. To mathematically model the angular input of the servo drive, Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS) are described and applied. Thus, a nearly arbitrary input function can be described by few parameters. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Advances of Japanese Machine Design)
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