Special Issue "Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2019 Conference"

A special issue of Machines (ISSN 2075-1702).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2019).

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Andrey A. Radionov
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
South Ural State University (National Research University), Office 917, Main University Building 76, Lenin avenue, Chelyabinsk 454080, Russia
Interests: mechatronics; automation; power electronics; motor drive systems
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Alexander Sergeevich Karandaev
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Lenin Street, 38, Magnitogorsk city, Chelyabinsk Region 455000, Russia
Interests: mechatronics; automation; electrical machines; drives and systems
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Industrial engineering has evolved into a major engineering discipline around the world. The effective use of industrial engineering has resulted in improvements to the standard of living through increased productivity, enhanced work performance, better quality and nature of services, and improvement in working environments.

The aim of this Special Issue is to reflect the state-of-the-art in challenges faced by industrial engineering and present the most important and relevant advances in applications such as mechatronics, robotics, electrical engineering, measurements, control systems, and drives.

The Special Issue will include modern research results and developments in industrial engineering and will be of interest to a wide audience of academics and professionals. A broad range of topics and issues will be discussed, including mechatronics, automation, power systems, computer technologies, electrical machines and drives, power electronics, and measurements. The authors will be experts in engineering, and papers will be carefully reviewed.

Dr. Andrey A. Radionov
Dr. Alexander Sergeevich Karandaev
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Machines is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • mechatronics
  • automation
  • power systems
  • computer technologies for industrial application
  • electrical machines and drives
  • power electronics
  • measurements

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Application of the Ansys Electronics Desktop Software Package for Analysis of Claw-Pole Synchronous Motor
Machines 2019, 7(4), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines7040065 - 14 Oct 2019
Abstract
The article presents the method of synthesis and analysis of the brushless motor with claw-poles. The motor is designed for the pilger mill drive for manufacturing seamless tubes. The peculiarity of the drive is that electric machines of this class for high power [...] Read more.
The article presents the method of synthesis and analysis of the brushless motor with claw-poles. The motor is designed for the pilger mill drive for manufacturing seamless tubes. The peculiarity of the drive is that electric machines of this class for high power have not yet been used in world practice. In this regard, a very thorough analysis of the designed motor is required to remove technical risks in the manufacture of prototypes. For design of this motor the synthesis system and the analysis system were developed. The synthesis system is developed on the basis of nonlinear programming methods. For the analysis, it is proposed to use the program Ansys Electronics Desktop, which implements the finite element method. The peculiarity of using this program is the need to use large computer resources. Herewith, the calculation time of the main characteristics is often not acceptable for practical calculations and takes several hours. The authors propose a simplification of the computational model without significantly reducing the accuracy of the calculation. The brushless motor with claw-poles is replaced by a brushless motor with tangential magnets. The stator designs and the magnetic fluxes of the motors are the same. The effectiveness of such a replacement is shown in the real project. Calculation time with acceptable quality is reduced to a few minutes. This approach is recommended for the creation of design systems of other types of brushless machines. This scientific research was carried out for a real customer. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2019 Conference)
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Open AccessArticle
Multivariable Control of Solar Battery Power by Extremum Seeking: Starting from Linear Analysis
Machines 2019, 7(4), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines7040064 - 04 Oct 2019
Abstract
In this study, we tried to combine maximum power point trackers (MPPT) and «Extremum Seeking» in a single multi-parameter extremum seekeng system for orienting solar panels and draw attention to the problem of a deeper study of nonlinear adaptive control using appropriate methods [...] Read more.
In this study, we tried to combine maximum power point trackers (MPPT) and «Extremum Seeking» in a single multi-parameter extremum seekeng system for orienting solar panels and draw attention to the problem of a deeper study of nonlinear adaptive control using appropriate methods for their analysis. MPPT controller becomes one of the extremum seeking loops, and as a result, the maximum power is achieved not only by searching for the optimal voltage value, but also due to the optimal angular position of the solar panel in Euclidean space, because the photocurrent depends on the angle of inclination of the Sun’s rays to the surface. The task of tuning extremum seeking loops becomes more analytically difficult, which is associated with nonlinear and multiply connected properties. This requires starting the solution from a simpler “linear” level. We applied the approach associated with the passage of modulating oscillations with a given frequency and amplitude through an open-loop system. This approach, which is generalized in this work at least for extremum seeking of the solar panels power, should be used for approximate calculations if there are no strict requirements for convergence and energy loss for the search. Research design is as follows: parametric identification of the current-voltage and volt-watt curves; obtaining the transfer function by the semi-automated sparse matrix method; reducing the order of the transfer function of coordinate electric drives by introducing a scaling factor. To the most important theoretical result, we attribute the property of the generalized amplitude of the solar panel power oscillations with multi-parameter control to be a combination of input modulating oscillations superimposed on the signals of the control integrators. Having revealed the relationship of their properties, it becomes possible to eliminate non-linearity from the system and operate only with the analytical relationship of the input modulating oscillations and the generalized oscillation of the controlled parameter. We attribute the prediction of the effect to one of the most interesting physical results, in which, for the same amplitude of modulating oscillations, the amplitudes of the photocurrent oscillations and the power of the solar panel at different angular positions will be generally different. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2019 Conference)
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Open AccessArticle
The Quality Control of the Automatic Manipulating Process of a Flexible Container When Bulk Materials are Packaged
Machines 2019, 7(4), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines7040062 - 23 Sep 2019
Abstract
The quality control of a flexible container (FC) gripped and held by a gripping device during the entire cycle of packaging is an important task in the packaging process of bulk materials in a soft package. Noncontact optical methods of control have been [...] Read more.
The quality control of a flexible container (FC) gripped and held by a gripping device during the entire cycle of packaging is an important task in the packaging process of bulk materials in a soft package. Noncontact optical methods of control have been developed and researched for the diagnostics of the automatic manipulating process of a flexible container when bulk materials are packaged in a soft package. Diagnostics of the FC gripping and opening accuracy was carried out herein with the help of machine vision. Processing of the image obtained when the neck of the FC was photographed was carried out by a neural network algorithm, which was made according to a scheme of a perceptron. An automated diagnostics system of the FC gripping and opening accuracy was developed in terms of the obtained algorithm. A control technique based on the algorithm of comparison with a reference was used to reveal the FC gripping and opening defects. This technique consists of preliminary processing of the image obtained from the camera and automatic search for deviations in FC gripping and opening. As a result, a report of defects in the process of FC gripping and opening was obtained. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2019 Conference)
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Open AccessArticle
System of Energy-Saving Optimal Control of Metal Heating Process in Heat Treatment Furnaces of Rolling Mills
Machines 2019, 7(3), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines7030060 - 11 Sep 2019
Abstract
Heat-treatment furnaces for workpiece pre-rolling heating are heating plants of the transition type where sheet slabs with various characteristics are simultaneously heated. The heat treatment furnace performance is directly connected with the efficient operation of the rolling mill process plants. The irregular operation [...] Read more.
Heat-treatment furnaces for workpiece pre-rolling heating are heating plants of the transition type where sheet slabs with various characteristics are simultaneously heated. The heat treatment furnace performance is directly connected with the efficient operation of the rolling mill process plants. The irregular operation pace of the rolling mill complicates the implementation of energy-saving workpiece pre-rolling heating modes and increases the risk of delivering an insufficiently heated workpiece. This paper proposes the system of controlling the heat mode of the heat-treatment furnace by the criterion of fuel consumption rate minimization and controlling over a real heated state of a sheet slab located at the workpiece pushing from the heat-treatment furnace to the rolling mill. The author uses a simplified mathematical model of workpiece heating intended for defining the energy-saving heating path accounting for the impact of technological and structural constraints in the workpiece heating process. The calculation is conducted in real time and allows obtaining an optimal heating path of each workpiece at the moment of its loading into the heat-treatment furnace. The paper considers the necessity of interaction and the interaction itself of the subsystems performing the key function in the energy-saving operation mode of the heat-treatment furnace at workpiece heating. The author studied the subsystems of forecasting the workpiece heating time on the state of the rolling mill equipment and the geometrical dimensions of the rolled band, control over gaseous fuel burning in the heat-treatment furnace operation space, system of control over the workpiece heating state before pushing from the heat-treatment furnace and forecasting the roll temperature after the treatment of the rolling mill roughing train. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2019 Conference)
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Open AccessArticle
Strength Increasing Additive Manufacturing Fused Filament Fabrication Technology, Based on Spiral Toolpath Material Deposition
Machines 2019, 7(3), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines7030057 - 05 Sep 2019
Abstract
The paper provides an overview of ways to increase the strength of polymer products obtained by fused filament fabrication (FFF) technology. An algorithm for calculating the spiral toolpaths for the material deposition using multi-axis printing is proposed. The design of the five-axis device [...] Read more.
The paper provides an overview of ways to increase the strength of polymer products obtained by fused filament fabrication (FFF) technology. An algorithm for calculating the spiral toolpaths for the material deposition using multi-axis printing is proposed. The design of the five-axis device for spiral-shaped deposition of the material is shown. The description of the proposed printing method is given. The results of comparative three-point bend and compression tests are presented. The standard samples obtained in the usual way by FFF technology, as well as samples with 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 reinforcing layers obtained by spiral deposition of the material were investigated. The description of the tests is given, the dependences of the strength of the products on the number of reinforcing layers are obtained. Conclusions about the influence of the layer deposition method on the strength of the products are formulated. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2019 Conference)
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