Special Issue "Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2021 Conference"

A special issue of Machines (ISSN 2075-1702). This special issue belongs to the section "Mechatronic and Intelligent Machines".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2021) | Viewed by 2424

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Andrey A. Radionov
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
South Ural State University (National Research University), 76, Lenin prospekt, Chelyabinsk, Russia
Interests: mechatronics; automation; power electronics; motor drive systems
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Alexander Sergeevich Karandaev
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, 38, Lenin Street, Magnitogorsk City, Chelyabinsk Region, Russia
Interests: mechatronics; automation; electrical machines; drives and systems
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The 2021 International Conference on Industrial Engineering, Applications and Manufacturing (ICIEAM-2021) seeks to promote interdisciplinary discussion and create a platform for the presentation of papers summarizing research in technical disciplines carried out in universities, research institutes, large industrial enterprises, and scientific and industrial associations of the Russian Federation, as well as research conducted by foreign authors and research results obtained as a result of the personal initiative of the authors.

The aim of this Special Issue, entitled “Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2021 Conference”, is to consider the current challenges faced by industrial engineering and present the most important and relevant advances in applications such as mechatronics, robotics, electrical engineering, measurements, control systems, and drives. The Special Issue will include modern research results and developments in industrial engineering, which will be of interest to a wide audience of academicians and professionals.

Dr. Andrey A. Radionov
Dr. Alexander S. Karandaev
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Machines is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Mechatronics
  • Automation
  • Power systems
  • Computer technologies for industrial application
  • Electrical machines and drives
  • Power electronics
  • Measurements

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Development of an Automatic Elastic Torque Control System Based on a Two-Mass Electric Drive Coordinate Observer
Machines 2021, 9(12), 305; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9120305 - 23 Nov 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 517
Abstract
Development of control system based on digital twins of physical processes is a promising area of research in the rolling industry. Closed-loop control systems are developed to control the coordinates of two-mass electromechanical systems in order to limit the dynamic loads on the [...] Read more.
Development of control system based on digital twins of physical processes is a promising area of research in the rolling industry. Closed-loop control systems are developed to control the coordinates of two-mass electromechanical systems in order to limit the dynamic loads on the equipment of main rolling lines. These control systems are based on observers (digital shadows) that indirectly detect (reconstruct) the roll speed and the elastic torque of the shaft (spindle) in real time. Notably, observers are required to work fast in order to reconstruct transients attributable to shock (impact) loads. Literature review shows that the known observers, which use complex algorithms to compute coordinates, do not respond fast enough. The paper analyzes the kinematic diagram of Mill 5000, a plate rolling mill. It presents oscillograms that prove that the elastic torque does oscillate as the rolls grip the strip dynamically. The authors hereof have developed an observer that reconstructs the coordinates of the uncontrolled mass (the shaft) and the spindle torque from the parameters of the controlled mass, namely the torque and speed of the motor. The paper further rationalizes an approach that consists of simulating the processes on a model to further directly configure them on the object. The authors analyze the transients of the reconstructed two-mass system coordinates, which are associated with the rolls gripping the strip. The paper compares data against oscillograms recorded on the mill itself. The accuracy is satisfactory. The proposed observer has been used to developed a three-loop automatic speed control system for the uncontrolled mass. Controller configurations are substantiated. The paper shows coordinates obtained by simulation modeling as functions of time. It further presents experiments run on Mill 5000; the conclusions are that the amplitude and oscillations of the elastic torque drop significantly. The paper concludes with recommendations on industrial adoption of the observer and the novel electric drive coordinate control system. Study presented herein substantiates and implements a concept of developing algorithms that solve specific problems and are readily implementable on the existing equipment without need for additional computing devices. The contribution of the paper consists of stating and solving the problem of developing and testing an automatic elastic torque control system for the shaft of a heavy-duty rolling mill. This system has been implemented in the form of algorithms that run in the software of the existing industrial controllers (PLCs). It is simple and performs well. It does not need additional sensors or computers to be implemented, nor does it rely on complex computational algorithms. Such algorithms are based on computational tables that require a priori data on numerous process parameters. In our literature review, we have not come across any industrial implementation of such algorithms on hot-rolling mills. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2021 Conference)
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Article
On the Direct Extrusion of Solder Wire from 52In-48Sn Alloy
Machines 2021, 9(5), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines9050093 - 06 May 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 854
Abstract
In this article, technology for producing wire and rod solder from 52In-48Sn alloy has been developed and investigated in the conditions of small-scale production. The use of direct extrusion of wire and rods instead of traditional technology for producing solder, which includes pressing, [...] Read more.
In this article, technology for producing wire and rod solder from 52In-48Sn alloy has been developed and investigated in the conditions of small-scale production. The use of direct extrusion of wire and rods instead of traditional technology for producing solder, which includes pressing, rolling and drawing, can significantly reduce the fleet of required equipment. Using only a melting furnace and a hydraulic press, solder wires and rods can be produced in various sizes. Shortening the production cycle allows you to quickly fulfill small orders and be competitive in sales. This article develops a mathematical model of direct extrusion, which allows you to calculate the extrusion ratio, extrusion speed and pressing force. The results of modeling the process of extrusion of wire Ø2.00 mm and rods Ø8.0 mm made of 52In-48Sn alloy are presented. The temperature of the solder and the tool is simulated in software QForm based on the finite element method. Experimental results of manufacturing Ø2.0 mm solder wire and Ø8.0 mm rods are presented. The microstructure of the direct extruded solder is a eutectic of phases γ and β. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) mapping of the 52In-48Sn alloy showed that the solder obtained by direct extrusion has a uniform distribution of structural phases. The developed technology can be used in the manufacture of wires and rods from other low-melting alloys. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the ICIEAM 2021 Conference)
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