Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management

A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X). This special issue belongs to the section "Land Planning and Landscape Architecture".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (25 December 2022) | Viewed by 66837

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Management Science and Real Estate, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
Interests: urban regeneration; construction management; urban studies; sustainability

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Guest Editor
Department of Building and Real Estate, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Interests: urban regeneration; green building; sustainable urban development; institutional analysis; dispute management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Associate Professor, Department of Management in the Built Environment, Faculty of Architecture and Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Interests: building energy efficiency; housing energy renovation; behavioral change; supply chain integration for prefabrication; process & social innovation; transaction costs; market barriers; energy transition
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Management Science and Real Estate, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
Interests: urban regeneration; sustainable urban development; collaborative governance; institutional economics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The growth in the world population that lives in urban environments has gained unprecedented momentum and is considered one of the 21st century’s most impactful changes (UN 2016). Many countries are facing continuous challenges in meeting the rigid demand for more high-quality urban housing. To meet the growing demand, urban regeneration is becoming a critical approach to improve our urban life quality (Chen, Jia et al. 2008). Unlike the traditional new-built project, urban regeneration is characterized by large-group stakeholders with diverse attributes, multiple project goals from micro to macro perspectives, and a strong impact on in situ end-users. The construction management of urban regeneration ought to lie in its abovementioned significant characteristics.

Today, urban regeneration is entering the era of sustainability, where large-scale physical change is no longer the focus (Akotia and Opoku 2018, Liu, Fu et al. 2021). Sustainable construction management, such as collaborative governance, public engagement, and green technology, are inevitably taken into consideration. Despite indications of significant growth, sustainable construction management of urban regeneration has not been without challenges and barriers. Up to now, plenty of research has contributed to achieving urban sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the context of urban regeneration (Haapio 2012, Kohon 2018, Zhu, Li et al. 2020). However, over-reliance on conventional theory where close engagement with theoretical debates is lacking may mislead the practices under dynamic social change. For instance, since 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically influenced the global social, economic and environmental order. The conventional SDGs have presented high fragility since only one-third of these are likely to be achieved (Naidoo and Fisher 2020). In urban regeneration, the connotation of sustainable construction management not only highlights the practices from the micro project to macro urban scope by involving large-scale stakeholder groups but includes the rethinking of sustainable pathways from a dynamic and comprehensive perspective.

Therefore, this Special Issue will provide an opportunity for researchers worldwide to exchange new ideas. The scope is global and multi- and transdisciplinary. It calls for papers addressing the critical research questions in this field, employing innovative methodologies and data sources, contributing to theoretical debates, or showcasing the fundamental patterns worth paying more attention to. In the context of urban regeneration, full papers on (but not limited to) the following specific topics are invited:

  1. Rethinking construction management in the agenda of urban regeneration
  2. Sustainable construction management and approaches for urban regeneration
  3. Sustainable urban resilience
  4. Planning and design of urban regeneration
  5. Urban health and project management
  6. Collaborative governance and public involvement
  7. Community management in urban regeneration

References

Akotia, J. and A. Opoku (2018). "Sustainable regeneration project delivery in UK: A qualitative Analysis of practitioners’ engagement." Journal of Facilities Management.

Chen, H., et al. (2008). "Sustainable urban form for Chinese compact cities: Challenges of a rapid urbanized economy." Habitat International 32(1): 28-40.

Haapio, A. (2012). "Towards sustainable urban communities." Environmental Impact Assessment Review 32(1): 165-169.

Kohon, J. (2018). "Social inclusion in the sustainable neighborhood? Idealism of urban social sustainability theory complicated by realities of community planning practice." City, culture and society 15: 14-22.

Liu, G., et al. (2021). "Research on the collaborative governance of urban regeneration based on a Bayesian network: The case of Chongqing." Land Use Policy 109: 105640.

Naidoo, R. and B. Fisher (2020). Reset sustainable development goals for a pandemic world, Nature Publishing Group.

UN (2016). The New Urban Agenda. A. R. Habitat III Secretariat.

Zhu, S., et al. (2020). "The impacts of relationships between critical barriers on sustainable old residential neighborhood renewal in China." Habitat International 103: 102232.

Prof. Dr. Guiwen Liu
Prof. Dr. Edwin H.W. Chan
Dr. Queena K. Qian
Dr. Taozhi Zhuang
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • urban regeneration
  • construction management
  • sustainability
  • design and planning
  • collaborative governance
  • urban resilience
  • urban health
  • community management

Published Papers (24 papers)

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23 pages, 10817 KiB  
Article
How Diversity and Accessibility Affect Street Vitality in Historic Districts?
by Jing Huang, Xiao Hu, Jieqiong Wang and Andong Lu
Land 2023, 12(1), 219; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12010219 - 10 Jan 2023
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2387
Abstract
The loss of traditional features and place memory, and ultimately vibrancy in historic districts, has attracted substantial attention in today’s urban design. Most conventional theories are of the consensus that diversity and accessibility characteristics play important roles in creating street vitality, whereas how [...] Read more.
The loss of traditional features and place memory, and ultimately vibrancy in historic districts, has attracted substantial attention in today’s urban design. Most conventional theories are of the consensus that diversity and accessibility characteristics play important roles in creating street vitality, whereas how these characteristics influence street vitality in historic districts has not been thoroughly explored. Furthermore, it is less clear as to which characteristics exert greater influence. Taking the Drum Tower Muslim District, a historical neighborhood in Xi’an, China, as a case study, this paper employs geospatial data to examine how diversity and accessibility influence street vitality. This study identifies seven factors of diversity and accessibility, and incorporates them into a spatial multivariate regression model for analysis. The results indicate that accessibility makes a stronger impact on the street vitality than diversity does. Furthermore, the closeness of streets, the functional density, the intersection density, the location of public transportation and the density of public infrastructure are the top five factors influencing street vitality. The outcome of this study will shed light on what constitutes a vibrant historic district and will help to inform us as to where and how we can improve street vitality. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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31 pages, 2520 KiB  
Article
“Inspiring” Policy Transfer: Analysis of Urban Renewal in Four First-Tier Chinese Cities
by Yuanyuan Huang, Lizhen Wei, Guiwen Liu, Wenjing Cui, Fangyun Xie and Xun Deng
Land 2023, 12(1), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12010118 - 30 Dec 2022
Viewed by 2380
Abstract
Most Chinese cities have spent decades achieving urbanisation. So far, rural urbanisation has shifted to urban renewal. However, the distinction between a rapidly changing social environment and the establishment of an institution has led to the failure of urban renewal policies to sustainably [...] Read more.
Most Chinese cities have spent decades achieving urbanisation. So far, rural urbanisation has shifted to urban renewal. However, the distinction between a rapidly changing social environment and the establishment of an institution has led to the failure of urban renewal policies to sustainably achieve complete transformation through urban modernisation involving many stakeholders. Owing to the top-down political system in China, the formulation and implementation of urban renewal policies are carried out in a closed-loop process in which “decisions are issued by the central government to the local government which gives feedback to the centre”. This seems to affect urban renewal through a transfer of renewal policies in a local area. Therefore, it is essential to explore the differences between the urban renewal policies at different government levels and to analyse these policies in diverse urban contexts with multiple stakeholders. Based on the policy transfer theory, this paper selects 216 core policy texts at the state level and at the level of four first-tier cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen), and uses the methods of text mining and semantic analysis to form open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. Furthermore, it discusses the policy transfer and impact mechanism of urban renewal policy at different levels with diverse characteristics of policy subsystems. We found that the transfer of urban renewal policy occurred in China through top-down coercive vertical transfer, bottom-up combination reverse transfer, and voluntary horizontal transfer among cities. Finally, we suggest that “inspiration”-type policy transfer is an effective method to promote urban renewal in China. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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19 pages, 1769 KiB  
Article
Comprehensive Evaluation of the Implementation Effect of Commercial Street Quality Improvement Based on AHP-Entropy Weight Method—Taking Hefei Shuanggang Old Street as an Example
by Le Zhang, Xiaoxiao Xu and Yanlong Guo
Land 2022, 11(11), 2091; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11112091 - 20 Nov 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2857
Abstract
In the global context of sustainable urban development, urban regeneration is an activity to improve the form and function of urban space in built-up areas. Commercial streets are one of the most active factors in urban space and an important factor in promoting [...] Read more.
In the global context of sustainable urban development, urban regeneration is an activity to improve the form and function of urban space in built-up areas. Commercial streets are one of the most active factors in urban space and an important factor in promoting urban prosperity and reflecting urban vitality, yet these streets have not kept pace with the public’s quest for quality through theoretical change, and this can even affect public comfort and well-being. In order to effectively undertake urban regeneration and improve the quality of urban streets and residents’ satisfaction, design factors for the quality enhancement of commercial streets are explored in order to rationalise residents’ demand preferences and their priorities, enhance residents’ sense of belonging, and provide suggestions for the optimisation of the design of subsequent urban street regeneration in China. By summarising the literature and the content requirements of the quality enhancement scheme for Shuanggang Old Street in Hefei, this study applied a questionnaire survey and scientifically developed an index system containing five evaluation indicators, including spatial carrying capacity, street attractiveness, travel safety, environmental comfort, and social interaction. A combination of hierarchical analysis and entropy weighting was used to identify the most influential factors on the implementation of the quality improvement of the commercial street and design optimisation suggestions. The evaluation results show that travel safety and social interaction significantly affect the evaluation of the quality improvement of commercial streets, as well as highlighting the needs of residents for street environments and services and the role of local governments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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21 pages, 2786 KiB  
Article
Ecological Well-Being Performance Evaluation and Spatio-Temporal Evolution Characteristics of Urban Agglomerations in the Yellow River Basin
by Feng Lan, Zhao Hui, Jing Bian, Ying Wang and Wenxin Shen
Land 2022, 11(11), 2044; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11112044 - 14 Nov 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1741
Abstract
The urban agglomerations in the Yellow River Basin are important carriers for China’s high-quality development. It is an inevitable trend to promote sustainable development and people’s well-being in the urban agglomerations of the Yellow River Basin. A case study of 70 cities of [...] Read more.
The urban agglomerations in the Yellow River Basin are important carriers for China’s high-quality development. It is an inevitable trend to promote sustainable development and people’s well-being in the urban agglomerations of the Yellow River Basin. A case study of 70 cities of seven urban agglomerations in the Yellow River Basin from 2011 to 2017 is presented. The two-stage super-efficiency network slacks-based measure (Super-NSBM) model considering undesirable outputs is adopted to measure the ecological well-being performance (EWP), and the spatial correlation analysis method is used to analyze the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of the EWP. The results show that the average EWP of the seven urban agglomerations in the Yellow River Basin was less than 1, showing a trend of firstly rising and then slowly decreasing. The average EWP presents the distribution pattern of the highest in the middle reaches, followed by the upper reaches, and the lowest in the lower reaches of the Yellow River Basin, respectively. The average ecological economic efficiency in the first stage of urban agglomerations of the Yellow River Basin was greater than the average economic well-being efficiency in the second stage. The average EWP in the Yellow River Basin shows local spatial heterogeneity during the study period. Policy measures are proposed to promote the improvement of the EWP of urban agglomerations in the Yellow River Basin. This study can provide reference for the policy formulation of high-quality green development and sustainable construction of urban agglomeration in the Yellow River Basin. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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15 pages, 655 KiB  
Article
Aging-in-Place and Home Modifications for Urban Regeneration
by Queena K. Qian, Winky K. O. Ho, Wadu M. Jayantha, Edwin H. W. Chan and Ying Xu
Land 2022, 11(11), 1956; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11111956 - 2 Nov 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1941
Abstract
The rapidly growing aging population is a global phenomenon imposing societal challenges on many cities. ‘Aging-in-place’ as a popular concept accommodates both the elderly desire to age in a familiar environment and adaptive old home modifications for aging. However, this concept has not [...] Read more.
The rapidly growing aging population is a global phenomenon imposing societal challenges on many cities. ‘Aging-in-place’ as a popular concept accommodates both the elderly desire to age in a familiar environment and adaptive old home modifications for aging. However, this concept has not been explored in-depth systematically in the urban regeneration context. This article explores a form of aging-in-place that is suitable for large and dense residential urban areas using the case of Hong Kong as an example of a laisse-faire fast-growing dense city, with a focus on home modifications. As in many other Asian cities, with a low tax rate and without a pension scheme, the elderly in Hong Kong are concerned more with the basic needs of health care and rely on public housing. Housing affordability is the primary concern. The government is expected to take the lead in aging-in-place in urban regeneration, in particular, to provide necessary home modifications for the elderly who live in public housing with primary health care provisions. A survey of 294 respondents revealed that housing expenditures, housing size, income level, and residential location are indicators of whether home modifications or health care in cities such as Hong Kong can be afforded by the locals, under tight budget constraints. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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23 pages, 3975 KiB  
Article
Overcoming the Collaboration Barriers among Stakeholders in Urban Renewal Based on a Two-Mode Social Network Analysis
by Lingyan Li, Jiaxin Zhu, Mimi Duan, Pingbo Li and Xiaotong Guo
Land 2022, 11(10), 1865; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11101865 - 21 Oct 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2855
Abstract
The relationship among stakeholders is complicated and full of collaboration barriers, which makes urban renewal an intersection of various contradictions. However, the existing literature considers the barriers to urban renewal independent of stakeholders, and the interaction between multiple stakeholders and barriers to collaboration [...] Read more.
The relationship among stakeholders is complicated and full of collaboration barriers, which makes urban renewal an intersection of various contradictions. However, the existing literature considers the barriers to urban renewal independent of stakeholders, and the interaction between multiple stakeholders and barriers to collaboration has been ignored. Therefore, this study uses a literature review and expert interviews to identify stakeholders and their collaboration barriers in the process of urban renewal. Based on the results of expert questionnaires, a two-mode network model of stakeholder–collaboration barrier is constructed to clarify the complex interaction and reveal the power and status of stakeholders in a network relationship. The study found that each barrier was associated with at least three stakeholders, indicating the necessity of stakeholders to establish partnerships. Further analysis shows that the government, local and other administrative organizations, consulting parties, and developers are the most influential stakeholders. The vague boundary of property rights, lack of expert advice and expertise, and different stakeholder awareness were identified as key barriers affecting sustainable collaboration. Finally, this study proposes and validates five strategies to promote collaboration among stakeholders. This study helps practitioners identify the priority problems to be solved under limited resources and provides effective measures to promote stakeholder collaboration. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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16 pages, 5530 KiB  
Article
Contemplations for the Revitalization of Traditional Fairs in Urban Centers: A Case Study of Weifang
by Juan Liu, Jianwei Yan, Quan Cheng, Qingjiao Miao and Tianning Miao
Land 2022, 11(10), 1746; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11101746 - 8 Oct 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1468
Abstract
China’s “traditional fair” culture has a long history. The “fairs” trade has existed for thousands of years, but its development characteristics and regional distribution have differed. The existing records of traditional fairs in Weifang city can be traced back to the Wanli period [...] Read more.
China’s “traditional fair” culture has a long history. The “fairs” trade has existed for thousands of years, but its development characteristics and regional distribution have differed. The existing records of traditional fairs in Weifang city can be traced back to the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty (1563), giving these fairs a history of more than 450 years. However, with the development of urbanization, traditional fairs in the city center have been destroyed: one traditional fair is disappearing almost every year. Based on this research background, the study first clarifies the significance of the existence of traditional fairs in modern life. Additionally, in our analysis, traditional fair culture can be extended to an “immaterial culture”. How to develop traditional fairs in existing urban centers has become one of the objectives of urban renewal activities at this stage. This paper describes the development and changes of fairs using the methods of site observation, questionnaire survey and interview, and Google Maps image comparison. The main results are as follows: (1) Fair culture is not only a geographical space but also a cultural space that is the inheritance and development of an intangible culture. (2) Traditional fairs include economic trade and social interaction activities. It is important to protect the life of traditional fairs, which carry a rich social function. (3) The living of the traditional fair is shrinking and is struggling to develop. Based on the changes in the traditional fairs space in Weifang city center over the past eight years, this paper puts forward the possibility of the development of a fair space in the existing central city space in order to preserve the traditional way of life and carry forward the traditional regional culture of fairs in urban construction. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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16 pages, 2158 KiB  
Article
The Spatio-Temporal Pattern and Spatial Effect of Installation of Lifts in Old Residential Buildings: Evidence from Hangzhou in China
by Xinjun Dai, Zeling Li, Lindong Ma and Jing Jin
Land 2022, 11(9), 1600; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11091600 - 18 Sep 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 2201
Abstract
In recent years, in order to improve the quality of living, China has carried out a series of urban renewal projects, such as adding elevators to old communities. Taking Hangzhou as an example, this paper studies the decision to install elevators in old [...] Read more.
In recent years, in order to improve the quality of living, China has carried out a series of urban renewal projects, such as adding elevators to old communities. Taking Hangzhou as an example, this paper studies the decision to install elevators in old residential buildings. This study used cold spots and hot spots, local autocorrelation and fishnetting analysis to show the spatial and temporal patterns of lift retrofitting in old communities. Finally, the spatial lag model is used to test whether there is a spatial spillover effect in the behavior of residents installing elevators. The research shows that: (1) Hot spots areas for retrofitting lifts are clustered in the central urban areas of Hangzhou, such as the intersection of Shangcheng District, Xiacheng District, Jianggan District, Gongshu District and Xihu District (scenic area); (2) The trend of retrofitting areas spreading from the center to the periphery; (3) In different communities, the number of elevators added in neighboring communities has a positive effect on the decision of adding elevators in other local communities. Therefore, the neighborhood effect cannot be ignored in the topic of community renovation, in which residents spontaneously participate. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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36 pages, 8804 KiB  
Article
The Spatial Pedigree in Traditional Villages under the Perspective of Urban Regeneration—Taking 728 Villages in Jiangnan Region, China as Cases
by Xinqu Liu, Yaowu Li, Yongfa Wu and Chaoran Li
Land 2022, 11(9), 1561; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11091561 - 14 Sep 2022
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 2608
Abstract
In current urban regeneration, the conservation and reuse of traditional village space are significant measures to activate urban-rural development. Traditional villages in the Jiangnan region of eastern China represent the typical vernacular culture of urban-rural settlements, which affects the dynamic development of urban [...] Read more.
In current urban regeneration, the conservation and reuse of traditional village space are significant measures to activate urban-rural development. Traditional villages in the Jiangnan region of eastern China represent the typical vernacular culture of urban-rural settlements, which affects the dynamic development of urban regeneration. Aiming at the disadvantages of the decentralization of research objects and the simplification of spatial characteristics in the research of traditional villages in the Jiangnan region, this paper will construct the spatial pedigrees of villages. This study takes 728 traditional villages in the Jiangnan region as cases. First, through on-site research, the spatial pattern of villages in isolated areas was mapped and drawn. Then, on the basis of on-site review, this study labeled the village space, summarized village space information, and used ArcGIS and BIM to create a 3D model of the village. In ArcGIS platform through SOA to establish criterion framework for recognizing the types of village pedigree. Finally, the classification of villages was spatially visualized, and a pedigree was constructed according to the type context. The research result indicates: (1) The aggregation mode of traditional villages in the south of the Jiangnan region presents the characteristics of local aggregation and partial dispersion, which are directly affected by factors such as elevation, water system, and road system. (2) Analysis of the spatial pedigrees of traditional villages through spatial types and spatial growth patterns revealed four pedigree types, including spatial environment pedigree, the spatial organization pedigree, spatial morphological pedigree, and architectural form pedigree. (3) The pedigree shows and distinguishes independent developmental context and evolved form, presenting an extended pattern of prototypes and sub-types. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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15 pages, 276 KiB  
Article
A Study of Resident Satisfaction and Factors That Influence Old Community Renewal Based on Community Governance in Hangzhou: An Empirical Analysis
by Hui Gao, Ting Wang and Shifeng Gu
Land 2022, 11(9), 1421; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11091421 - 29 Aug 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 3090
Abstract
In recent years, most Chinese cities have been implementing renewal projects to improve the quality of life in old communities. “How” and “what” to renew has attracted much attention from the government and scholars. “What to renew” is closely related to the needs [...] Read more.
In recent years, most Chinese cities have been implementing renewal projects to improve the quality of life in old communities. “How” and “what” to renew has attracted much attention from the government and scholars. “What to renew” is closely related to the needs of a city’s population and should be determined by residents, while renewal effects are influenced by government action and the multiple parties that participate in a renewal project. Resident satisfaction should be used as the key indicator to measure the effects of renewal. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze resident satisfaction with the renewal of an old community and explore the factors that affect satisfaction. To address this question, we utilize an index system to measure resident satisfaction with community renewal on the basis of community governance and explore the impact of community governance on resident satisfaction by constructing an ordinal logistic regression model, based on the data collected in 19 communities in the city of Hangzhou, China. The regression results are analyzed, and corresponding countermeasures are proposed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
19 pages, 1867 KiB  
Article
Evaluating the Public Participation Processes in Community Regeneration Using the EPST Model: A Case Study in Nanjing, China
by Shijie Sun, Ru Chen, Siyuan Qin and Lufan Liu
Land 2022, 11(9), 1405; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11091405 - 26 Aug 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1969
Abstract
Public participation is increasingly becoming a necessary content in community regeneration in China, though there is a lack of evaluation of the public participation process. This study explores a method for evaluating the public participation process, with the aim of improving the effectiveness [...] Read more.
Public participation is increasingly becoming a necessary content in community regeneration in China, though there is a lack of evaluation of the public participation process. This study explores a method for evaluating the public participation process, with the aim of improving the effectiveness of public participation. Based on the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) and using the analysis method of structural equation modeling, this study has preliminarily established the evaluation model of public participation processes represented by “Expectation–Perception–Satisfaction–Trust (EPST)”, while taking a case study in Nanjing for empirical study. The results show that to improve general satisfaction and public trust in those activities participated in, it is necessary to upgrade public expectation and the public perceived quality at the same time. This study believes that the entire investigation and understanding of public demands before regeneration is the premise to improving the regeneration effect. For community regeneration in Chinese cities, the key is to mobilize public participation, while a detailed understanding of residents’ needs for community environment and community services is an important part of enhancing the effectiveness of regeneration. This study believes that in community regeneration, actively organizing various participation activities and giving full play to the role of local government and third-party organizations are conducive to enhancing the public’s satisfaction with regeneration. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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17 pages, 1803 KiB  
Article
Evaluation and Optimization on Urban Regeneration Sustainability from the Perspective of Multidimensional Welfare of Resettled Resident—Evidence from Resettlement Communities in Xi’an, China
by Yulin Zhou, Lulu Wei, Feng Lan, Xiang Li and Jing Bian
Land 2022, 11(8), 1258; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081258 - 6 Aug 2022
Viewed by 1669
Abstract
Urban regeneration is an important means for building sustainable cities and implementing China’s high-quality development strategy. In this paper, a sustainable regeneration PSR (Pressure-State-Response) model was established, and a state-layer evaluation model was constructed based on the perspective of resettled residents’ multidimensional welfare. [...] Read more.
Urban regeneration is an important means for building sustainable cities and implementing China’s high-quality development strategy. In this paper, a sustainable regeneration PSR (Pressure-State-Response) model was established, and a state-layer evaluation model was constructed based on the perspective of resettled residents’ multidimensional welfare. Through questionnaire surveys with 210 centralized resettled households in Xi’an, China, the changes in the living conditions of resettled residents before and after the centralized resettlement were measured, the differentiation in individual changes were explored, and the sustainability of urban regeneration was evaluated, so as to optimize the sustainability of urban regeneration. The results show that, before and after urban regeneration, the changes at the state layer are not obvious on the whole. The sharp decline of social dimension welfare indicates that urban regeneration generates some new pressures while alleviating the imbalance of social development, and at the response layer, there is not sufficient attention to the residents’ emotions at the social level. Changes in the state layer are different due to individual characteristics, but there is no matching differentiated response to maintain the stability of the state. The research results are of great significance for optimizing residents’ welfare and solving the problems of sustainable regeneration from the perspective of humanistic welfare. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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18 pages, 1084 KiB  
Article
How Governance Tools Facilitate Citizen Co-Production Behavior in Urban Community Micro-Regeneration: Evidence from Shanghai
by Jinpeng Wu and Jing Xiong
Land 2022, 11(8), 1243; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081243 - 4 Aug 2022
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 2243
Abstract
Citizen participation and input in urban community micro-regeneration is a co-production behavior that is conducive to improving citizens’ sense of belonging, thereby promoting community governance. In the context of low co-production levels amongst citizens, how the government adopts mobilization instruments is an important [...] Read more.
Citizen participation and input in urban community micro-regeneration is a co-production behavior that is conducive to improving citizens’ sense of belonging, thereby promoting community governance. In the context of low co-production levels amongst citizens, how the government adopts mobilization instruments is an important challenge. This paper investigates whether governance tools can facilitate citizen co-production behavior in an urban community micro-regeneration setting using a structural equation modeling method and the stimulus organism response theory. Based on a survey of citizens who participated in community micro-regeneration co-production in Shanghai, this paper demonstrates the significant positive effects associated with information- and incentive-based tools in citizen in-role and extra-role co-production behavior; however, the effect degree was shown to differ. Moreover, the level of perceived benefits is a significant mediating variable between governance tools and in-role co-production behavior. In this study, we constructed and verified a novel and valuable theoretical perspective with which to explore urban regeneration. It was concluded that policymakers should follow the governance principle of classified development and tool matching for citizen co-production behavior in urban community micro-regeneration. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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27 pages, 12508 KiB  
Article
Determining the Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Urban Regeneration Projects in China on the City Scale: The Case of Shenzhen
by Guiwen Liu, Cheng Li, Taozhi Zhuang, Yuhan Zheng, Hongjuan Wu and Jian Tang
Land 2022, 11(8), 1210; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081210 - 31 Jul 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 3490
Abstract
Urban regeneration (UR) has been a leading concern in urban studies globally. China’s rapid urbanization has undergone profound urban decay and social contestation, for which UR has emerged as a viable solution. However, UR is not without its drawbacks. It has caused emerging [...] Read more.
Urban regeneration (UR) has been a leading concern in urban studies globally. China’s rapid urbanization has undergone profound urban decay and social contestation, for which UR has emerged as a viable solution. However, UR is not without its drawbacks. It has caused emerging spatial and planning problems; however, few studies have explored the characteristics and issues of UR from the view of spatial analytics on the city scale. This study aims to depict the distribution characteristics of UR projects in Chinese cities and to reveal whether it meets the requirements of urban development from the planning perspective. The nearest neighbor index and its hierarchical clustering, as well as kernel density estimation are used in conjunction to investigate the spatial distribution characteristics; and the relationship between project distribution and each urban development indicator is explored using mixed spatial characteristics analyses, such as buffer analysis, space syntax, and heat mapping. Considering Shenzhen as the empirical study city, this research is based on all officially released data of implemented UR projects between 2010 and 2021. The findings imply that the UR projects in Shenzhen are mostly located in areas with higher economic development levels and accessibility with areas witnessing industrial restructuring and severe urban decay being prone to be designated for UR initiatives. The spatial distribution characteristics disclose the challenges inherent in the mix of top-down and market-driven UR approaches as well as the dilemma of the center-periphery pattern in UR implementation. Furthermore, the contradiction between the growing population and limited land resources as well as the barriers to industrial clustering formation are also revealed. This study enriches the methodological framework for spatial and visualization studies of urban regeneration in worldwide cities and sheds light on how to promote UR in regard to urban sustainability with ramifications for future urban development in other Chinese cities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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19 pages, 3220 KiB  
Article
Resurrecting Urban Heritage with Contemporary Adaption: The Reconstruction of the Porcelain Tower in Nanjing (China)
by Pengfei Ma, Mengbi Li and Xiangning Li
Land 2022, 11(7), 978; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11070978 - 26 Jun 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 4803
Abstract
This article explores how reconstruction design can be used in urban heritage as an adaptive approach to creating a continuous cultural dynamic for urban regeneration. The case that is studied is the rebuilding project of the Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, well-known to westerners [...] Read more.
This article explores how reconstruction design can be used in urban heritage as an adaptive approach to creating a continuous cultural dynamic for urban regeneration. The case that is studied is the rebuilding project of the Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, well-known to westerners as a splendour of the East. The research strategy stems from the epistemological paradigm of interpretivism and relies mainly on qualitative research methods. The ethic of refashioning a past legacy is discussed by reviewing the relevant theories and documents. It is argued that the rationale for rebuilding heritage should be judged on a case-by-case basis. From the perspective of urban cultural regeneration, rebuilding can be an appropriate solution to reviving heritage within the bounds of authenticity. Respecting the delicate balance between historical significance and contemporary sustainability, urban heritage can sometimes best be served by modern reconstruction. This paper, therefore, identifies the modern Porcelain Tower as an urban landmark that distinguishes Nanjing among Chinese cities and satisfies the cultural demand for sustainable local urban regeneration. Whilst the modern pagoda is not historically inaccurate, its reconstruction was determined without public engagement in a way that emphasises the government’s view of its history and value. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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17 pages, 108200 KiB  
Article
From Public Housing to Private Housing: Neglect of Urban Qualities during the Urban Regeneration Process
by Hadas Shadar and Dalit Shach-Pinsly
Land 2022, 11(6), 875; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11060875 - 9 Jun 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2355
Abstract
This article explores the qualitative and the quantitative values that influenced the urban form of an urban renewal project. The site was explored in the 1950s when it was built as public housing, and during its urban renewal process in 2010–2015, based on [...] Read more.
This article explores the qualitative and the quantitative values that influenced the urban form of an urban renewal project. The site was explored in the 1950s when it was built as public housing, and during its urban renewal process in 2010–2015, based on private money. The conclusions of the article will focus on the need to change the mechanism of urban renewal in order to incorporate all the needs of the neighborhood and to keep the urban resilience over time. The urban renewal evaluation will be demonstrated on the case study of the ‘Haviva Reich’ site in Haifa, Israel. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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23 pages, 1009 KiB  
Article
Comprehensive Resilience Assessment of Complex Urban Public Spaces: A Perspective of Promoting Sustainability
by Hui Xu, Shuxiu Li, Yongtao Tan and Bin Xing
Land 2022, 11(6), 842; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11060842 - 4 Jun 2022
Viewed by 2125
Abstract
Complex urban systems, such as multi-floor rail transit stations and integrated railway transport hubs, are termed “complex urban public spaces” (CUPSs). These CUPSs facilitate people’s lives, but, at the same time, are threatened by various risks due to their multi-floor structure, dense crowds, [...] Read more.
Complex urban systems, such as multi-floor rail transit stations and integrated railway transport hubs, are termed “complex urban public spaces” (CUPSs). These CUPSs facilitate people’s lives, but, at the same time, are threatened by various risks due to their multi-floor structure, dense crowds, high correlation in multi-function, complex facilities, and space openness. The risk events of CUPSs could have a negative influence on public safety and further influence sustainable development. Increasing the resilience of CUPSs is an effective way to respond to risks and guarantee public safety. Therefore, it is necessary to first assess the resilience of CUPSs. In this paper, a six-level comprehensive resilience indicator system was established based on aspects of the essence of resilience. Used in combination with the methods of resilience impact score and fuzzy analytical hierarchy process, the resilience value could be calculated. The Shenzhen North Railway Station (SZ) and the Guangzhou South Railway Station (GZ) were used to validate the proposed methodology. The established resilience indicator system was shown to be comprehensive and innovative, and, regarding practicality, the proposed assessment methodology is convenient to use. This research can help policymakers to assess the resilience of CUPSs and develop relevant policies to improve the resilience of buildings, which can further enhance urban sustainability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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18 pages, 2766 KiB  
Article
An Analysis of Residents’ Social Profiles Influencing Their Participation in Community Micro-Regeneration Projects in China: A Case Study of Yongtai Community, Guangzhou
by Weixuan Chen, Ali Cheshmehzangi, Eugenio Mangi, Timothy Heath, Changdong Ye and Ling Wang
Land 2022, 11(6), 790; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11060790 - 26 May 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2596
Abstract
Urban regeneration has become one of the most effective ways to develop urban areas that have declined. Compared with other types of urban regeneration, community micro-regeneration is characterised by scattered stakeholders. Existing studies on public participation in community micro-regeneration mainly focus on revealing [...] Read more.
Urban regeneration has become one of the most effective ways to develop urban areas that have declined. Compared with other types of urban regeneration, community micro-regeneration is characterised by scattered stakeholders. Existing studies on public participation in community micro-regeneration mainly focus on revealing the interaction between different stakeholders with less attention to the main users’ social profiles in their participation process. This paper explores residents’ social profiles influencing their participation in community micro-regeneration projects in China. An evaluation framework for residents’ participation in community micro-regeneration projects is designed through literature research, the Delphi technique, and an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) based on the case study of Yongtai community, Guangzhou. Relative residents’ social profiles with the data from the questionnaire and literature research are further verified by stepwise linear regression. The results show that residents’ participation is still in the stage of tokenism with high-level passive information receipt but low-level enthusiasm for interactive activities. The older (i.e., 65-years of age and above) and middle-income groups (i.e., between 3000 and 14,999 CNY/Month) are positively associated with their participation in the Yongtai community micro-regeneration project. These findings can provide references for managers to distribute social resources. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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22 pages, 5994 KiB  
Article
Research on the Influence Mechanism of Street Vitality in Mountainous Cities Based on a Bayesian Network: A Case Study of the Main Urban Area of Chongqing
by Hongyu Wang, Jian Tang, Pengpeng Xu, Rundong Chen and Haona Yao
Land 2022, 11(5), 728; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11050728 - 12 May 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2309
Abstract
As the main spatial carrier for people’s social activities, street space occupies an important position in the urban space. However, under the direction of traffic-driven urban planning, the social function of street space has been neglected, resulting in the gradual loss of vitality. [...] Read more.
As the main spatial carrier for people’s social activities, street space occupies an important position in the urban space. However, under the direction of traffic-driven urban planning, the social function of street space has been neglected, resulting in the gradual loss of vitality. In mountainous cities with rugged terrain, the factors influencing the vitality of streets may be different compared to those in plain areas. In order to explore the influence mechanism of street vitality in mountainous cities, a new quantitative research method based on the new data environment and a Bayesian network is proposed. In this study, Python and GIS are used to obtain spatial data of streets, and Bayesian networks are used to construct street vitality models to identify important influencing factors and causal relationships between influencing factors. The results demonstrate strong causal dependencies between the factors influencing street vitality in mountainous cities. The mechanism of influence of street vitality revolves around functionality and street texture in terms of its own environment and external environment, respectively. The combination of factor group with functional density as the root node achieved the maximum probability of high vitality of the street. The results of this study have implications for community or urban planners with respect to urban regeneration and street vitality promotion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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14 pages, 6290 KiB  
Article
The Influence of Collusive Information Dissemination on Bidder’s Collusive Willingness in Urban Construction Projects
by Xiaowei Wang, Kunhui Ye, Taozhi Zhuang and Rui Liu
Land 2022, 11(5), 643; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11050643 - 26 Apr 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2136
Abstract
The process of urbanization and urban regeneration is inseparable from the implementation of urban construction projects. Current studies show a large amount of collusive bidding in urban construction projects, which has seriously affected healthy and sustainable urban development. Therefore, the governance of collusive [...] Read more.
The process of urbanization and urban regeneration is inseparable from the implementation of urban construction projects. Current studies show a large amount of collusive bidding in urban construction projects, which has seriously affected healthy and sustainable urban development. Therefore, the governance of collusive bidding in urban construction projects is crucial to sustainable urbanization and urban renewal. In reality, the collusion information dissemination (CID) is a key influential factor in the bidder’s collusive willingness (BCW). Knowing the influence of CID on BCW will help city managers to have a clearer understanding of the causes and governance focus of collusive bidding. Thus, the study using the multi-agent simulation technology simulates the influence of CID on BCW in different market scales, communication intensities, and trust boundaries based on the Deffuant model. The research found that the negative impact of the CID on the market is more incredible in cities with smaller market sizes, and effectively inhibiting the CID can reduce the occurrence of collusion. Moreover, the research also found that colluders always form their collusive alliances within CID networks. These findings suggest that urban managers should strengthen the suppression of collusive bidding by weakening the dissemination of collusive information and blocking the CID networks. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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20 pages, 6145 KiB  
Article
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Community Public Open Space Renewal: A Case Study of the Ruijin Community, Shanghai
by Yidan Cao and Xiaomin Tang
Land 2022, 11(4), 476; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11040476 - 25 Mar 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 5290
Abstract
As a vital component of public space, public open space (POS) is considered crucial for community regeneration. However, most evaluation studies have focused on the geographical attributes of POS, and those assessing renewal holistically in terms of residents’ everyday lives are limited. Drawing [...] Read more.
As a vital component of public space, public open space (POS) is considered crucial for community regeneration. However, most evaluation studies have focused on the geographical attributes of POS, and those assessing renewal holistically in terms of residents’ everyday lives are limited. Drawing on the Ruijin community in Shanghai, this study compared networks of public space layout and residents’ daily behaviours as a function of their structure and individual nodes using the Social Network Analysis method to explore the characteristics and evaluate the effectiveness of renewal. The results showed: (1) the current renewal while increasing recreational opportunities and improving spatial appearance has had a limited effect at the social level. (2) There are differentiations between the two networks. POS plays different roles in the behavioural network, including comprehensive, intermediary, and directional nodes. (3) The core POSs have frequent interactions and strong links with specific types of public facilities than the periphery. Therefore, we suggested that POS renewal should be conducted according to the rule of “core preceding periphery, comprehensive high-efficiency preceding single low-efficiency” and explain the necessity of public participation in the process. These findings shed light on the potential mechanism of the impact of POS on everyday life and rethink the construction management and governance of urban community regeneration in the era of sustainability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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Review

Jump to: Research

27 pages, 14958 KiB  
Review
Visualisation of High-Density City Research Evolution, Trends, and Outlook in the 21st Century
by Muxia Yao, Bin Yao, Jeremy Cenci, Chenyang Liao and Jiazhen Zhang
Land 2023, 12(2), 485; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12020485 - 15 Feb 2023
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2535
Abstract
High-density cities are growing in number and importance due to globalisation, significantly contributing to local, regional, and worldwide economies. It is progressively becoming clear that the high-density features of cities are associated with the frequency of disasters. As more than half of the [...] Read more.
High-density cities are growing in number and importance due to globalisation, significantly contributing to local, regional, and worldwide economies. It is progressively becoming clear that the high-density features of cities are associated with the frequency of disasters. As more than half of the world’s population currently resides in cities, the study of high-density cities is evolving into an academic topic. In this study, the WoSCC (Web of Science Core Collection) and CiteSpace software were used to visualise and analyse the development history, current status, hotspots, and trends in high-density city research. We analysed a total of 377 valid articles spanning 2001 to 2022. This research aimed to illustrate the trajectory of high-density city development and to summarise the field’s research hotspots and development history after entering the 21st century. It is hoped that this study will provide a theoretical reference and development direction for the future development of the field of high-density city research. Our results indicate that more publications have used the relevant keywords over time and that the research has overall trended from general to specific, noticeably changing in response to urban modernisation. Academic study in this area is still in its early stage. Instead of an inherent urge to spontaneously advance due to academic output, the research field has primarily grown in response to urban problems. COVID-19 has also hastened urban infill, further impacting existing high-density communities’ urban environments, transportation infrastructure, and economies. The global epidemic has added urgency to research on high-density cities, and new content and directions are being developed. Assessing the hazards of high urban density while maximising its economic role is a significant part of academic research on high-density cities at this stage and will remain so in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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20 pages, 2756 KiB  
Review
Analysis of Occupant Behaviours in Energy Efficiency Retrofitting Projects
by Elham Maghsoudi Nia, Queena K. Qian and Henk J. Visscher
Land 2022, 11(11), 1944; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11111944 - 31 Oct 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1910
Abstract
This review of studies into Energy Efficiency Retrofitting (EER) has shown the practice of EER to be a key factor in sustainability regeneration. Thus, the retrofitting practice itself (the way it is organised) has received increasing attention from both practitioners and researchers, and [...] Read more.
This review of studies into Energy Efficiency Retrofitting (EER) has shown the practice of EER to be a key factor in sustainability regeneration. Thus, the retrofitting practice itself (the way it is organised) has received increasing attention from both practitioners and researchers, and studies are now addressing some issues that are affecting the retrofit level of achievement. Most of the risks which lead to low retrofit development are related to owners. This paper aims highlight the role of the occupants in achieving the goals of EER. It is found that: (a) the early involvement of occupants in the design and construction stage, (b) mutual engagement, and (c) an integral approach that involves the occupants are the key to motivate EER decisions from these same occupants. It follows that this involvement, including the demographic characteristics of the occupants, such as their culture, habits, preferences, awareness towards energy saving and socio-economic factors, are indeed effective in influencing the energy-related behaviours of these occupants. Moreover, other factors, such as space-heating behaviour, presence/absence of the occupants, control level of the equipment and window, and lighting control behaviour, are all effective factors in the energy performance of the buildings. Hence, socio-technical advancements, co-design processes and effective energy efficiency policies are recommended strategies to: (a) improve occupants’ behaviours; and (b) increase their participation in EER projects. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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27 pages, 747 KiB  
Review
Social Capital in Neighbourhood Renewal: A Holistic and State of the Art Literature Review
by Kaijian Li, Ruopeng Huang, Guiwen Liu, Asheem Shrestha and Xinyue Fu
Land 2022, 11(8), 1202; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081202 - 30 Jul 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 3027
Abstract
In the new era of sustainable urban development, neighbourhood renewal has received increasing attention. Social capital, which can be defined as the value embedded in the relationship between residents, plays a significant role in the process of neighbourhood renewal. However, within the current [...] Read more.
In the new era of sustainable urban development, neighbourhood renewal has received increasing attention. Social capital, which can be defined as the value embedded in the relationship between residents, plays a significant role in the process of neighbourhood renewal. However, within the current neighbourhood renewal knowledge domain, there is a lack of clear and systematic understanding of the various components that make up social capital, how they are formed, and how they impact neighbourhood renewal. With the rise in neighbourhood renewal projects worldwide, it has become increasingly important to facilitate better knowledge in this area. To this end, this study focuses on filling this knowledge gap. First, based on the review of 84 journal papers related to social capital in neighbourhood renewal, a research framework is developed for analysing social capital in the context of neighbour renewal. Using this framework as a lens, a critical review of the literature is then conducted. Finally, through an in-depth discussion, this study presents the main concepts of social capital, its formulation and its association with neighbourhood renewal. This review paper can be used as an important reference for researchers globally interested in the topic of social capital in neighbourhood renewal. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Construction Management)
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