Special Issue "Land Use-Air Pollution Interactions: Urban Form, Transportation, and Everyday Life"

A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 11 November 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Elizabeth Deakin
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
City and Regional Planning, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Interests: transportation policy, planning, and analysis; land use policy and planning; legal and regulatory issues; institutions and organizations; energy and the environment; new technologies

Special Issue Information

Air pollution is a major environmental concern around the world, with the World Health Organization reporting in 2018 that more than 9 out of 10 people live in areas where air pollution levels exceed its guidelines. This Special Issue focuses on the relationship between urban land use patterns and air pollution. As massive urban development and the increased use of private vehicles have emerged as major sources of air pollutants in a growing number of countries, studies have investigated the impact of urban form and transportation systems on air pollution, and government officials have introduced land use and transportation policies ranging from subsidies for electric vehicles and public charging stations, to incentives to use transit, bike, and walk and mandates to increase urban densities and mix uses to reduce the need for motorized transport. These policies have had mixed success and have often been controversial, and, as air pollution problems have continued or worsened, additional, more stringent policies are increasingly being tried out, including “green zones” into which only “clean” vehicles can enter, mandatory no-drive days, and restrictions on outdoor activities during severe pollution episodes. Vulnerable populations such as children, people with cardiopulmonary difficulties, and the elderly may be advised to take more extensive steps to reduce exposures, including working from home, refraining from discretionary travel, and otherwise limiting outdoor activities when pollution levels are high. Such restrictions are likely to have significant effects on the everyday lives of the affected populations, as well as on the vibrancy of the urban environment and the vitality of the local economy. Changes in land value, land use, and land profitability may result in preferred building designs and facilities. For example, in areas with persistent air quality problems there is likely to be an increase in demand for indoor activity space that can mitigate pollution exposure (e.g., indoor sports stadia and recreation facilities) as well as for housing, schools, and commercial buildings with air conditioning and air filtration systems that can reduce indoor pollution levels. Such changes in land use and hedonic characteristics have equity implications as well as economic and environmental impacts.

This Special Issue will explore the complex relationships between land use, human behavior, and air pollution, with a focus on urban areas. Potential topics may cover "best practice" guidance cautioning against locating housing, schools, hospitals, etc. near freeways or other heavy sources of emissions, impact of high-density developments on street level emissions concentrations, "spare the air policies" encouraging people to stay indoors and restrict activities during air pollution episodes, and impact of driving restrictions such as no-drive days or green vehicle zones on emissions, land uses, and urban activity levels. We welcome contributions from both qualitative and quantitative scholars and are especially interested in establishing diverse impacts in a wide range of contexts. Preference will be given to those that successfully demonstrate implications for local policymaking.

Prof. Dr. Elizabeth Deakin
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Land is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • land use pattern
  • urban form
  • transportation
  • travel behavior
  • everyday lives

Published Papers (4 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Article
Is Compact Urban Form Good for Air Quality? A Case Study from China Based on Hourly Smartphone Data
Land 2021, 10(5), 504; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10050504 - 09 May 2021
Viewed by 567
Abstract
In previous studies, planners have debated extensively whether compact development can improve air quality in urban areas. Most of them estimated pollution exposure with stationary census data that linked exposures solely to residential locations, therefore overlooking residents’ space–time inhalation of air pollutants. In [...] Read more.
In previous studies, planners have debated extensively whether compact development can improve air quality in urban areas. Most of them estimated pollution exposure with stationary census data that linked exposures solely to residential locations, therefore overlooking residents’ space–time inhalation of air pollutants. In this study, we conducted an air pollution exposure assessment by scrutinizing one-hour resolution population distribution maps derived from hourly smartphone data and air pollutant concentrations derived from inverse distance weighted interpolation. We selected Wuhan as the study area and used Pearson correlation analysis to explore the effect of compactness on population-weighted concentrations. The results showed that even if a compact urban form helps to reduce pollution concentrations by decreasing vehicle traveling miles and tailpipe emissions, higher levels of building density and floor area ratios may increase population-weighted exposure. With regard to downtown areas with high population density, compact development may locate more people in areas with excessive air pollution. In all, reducing density in urban public centers and developing a polycentric urban structure may aid in the improvement of air quality in cities with compact urban forms. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Differences in the Influence of Microclimate on Pedestrian Volume According to Land-Use
Land 2021, 10(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010037 - 04 Jan 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 711
Abstract
Identifying how the urban environment affects pedestrian volume is a traditional urban planning topic. Recently, because of climate change and air pollution, interest in the effects of urban microclimates has been increasing. However, it is unclear whether the effects of microclimate on pedestrian [...] Read more.
Identifying how the urban environment affects pedestrian volume is a traditional urban planning topic. Recently, because of climate change and air pollution, interest in the effects of urban microclimates has been increasing. However, it is unclear whether the effects of microclimate on pedestrian volume can vary depending on the urban environment. This study determines whether microclimate’s influence on pedestrian volume differs according to land-use in the urban environment in Seoul, Korea. We constructed eight models with microclimate factors (temperature, precipitation, and PM10) as independent variables, using pedestrian volume as the dependent variable. We classified the models according to season and land-use and conducted a negative binomial regression analysis. The results confirmed that the effect of microclimate on pedestrian volume varies by land-use. A summary of the results is as follows. First, residential areas had more microclimate factors that significantly affected pedestrian volume compared to commercial areas. Second, for microclimate variables that had significant influences in commercial areas, the size of their influence was greater in commercial than in residential areas. Third, the influence of microclimatic factors on pedestrian volume in mixed-use areas has intermediate characteristics between residential and commercial areas. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Effects of Land Urbanization on Smog Pollution in China: Estimation of Spatial Autoregressive Panel Data Models
Land 2020, 9(9), 337; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090337 - 22 Sep 2020
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 972
Abstract
Studying the impact of land urbanization on smog pollution has important guiding significance for the sustainable development of cities. This study adds the spatial effect between regions into the research framework of smog pollution control in China. On the basis of a panel [...] Read more.
Studying the impact of land urbanization on smog pollution has important guiding significance for the sustainable development of cities. This study adds the spatial effect between regions into the research framework of smog pollution control in China. On the basis of a panel dataset of 31 province-level administrative regions in China from 2000 to 2017, we investigate the impact of land urbanization on smog pollution. We construct a spatial weight matrix and use Moran’s I statistic and the spatial autoregressive panel data model. The research results show that land urbanization and smog pollution have an inverted U-shaped relationship. With the advancement of land urbanization, the area’s smog pollution first increases and then decreases. However, in general, China has not passed the inflection point and is still at a stage where increasing land urbanization rate aggravates smog pollution. Moreover, the country’s smog pollution has a significant spatial positive correlation that shows agglomeration. In that context, multiple environmental governance entities, including the government, enterprises, and the public, need to collaborate on measures to reduce smog pollution. Future urban construction in China will need to integrate solutions that address the current nexus between urbanization and smog pollution to achieve green and sustainable development. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Land Use Impacts on Particulate Matter Levels in Seoul, South Korea: Comparing High and Low Seasons
Land 2020, 9(5), 142; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9050142 - 07 May 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1289
Abstract
Seoul, a city in South Korea, experiences high particulate matter (PM) levels well above the recommended standards suggested by the World Health Organization. As concerns about public health and everyday lives are being raised, this study investigates the effects of land use on [...] Read more.
Seoul, a city in South Korea, experiences high particulate matter (PM) levels well above the recommended standards suggested by the World Health Organization. As concerns about public health and everyday lives are being raised, this study investigates the effects of land use on PM levels in Seoul. Specifically, it attempts to identify which land use types increase or decrease PM10 and PM2.5 levels and compare the effects between high and low seasons using two sets of land use classifications: one coarser and the other finer. A series of partial least regression models identifies that industrial land use increases the PM levels in all cases. It is also reported that residential and commercial land uses associated with lower density increase these levels. Other uses, such as green spaces and road, show mixed or unclear effects. The findings of this study may inform planners and policymakers about how they can refine future land use planning and development practice in cities that face similar challenges. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop