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Article

Differences in the Influence of Microclimate on Pedestrian Volume According to Land-Use

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Urban Planning, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea
2
Department of Urban Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2021, 10(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010037
Received: 28 November 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 31 December 2020 / Published: 4 January 2021
Identifying how the urban environment affects pedestrian volume is a traditional urban planning topic. Recently, because of climate change and air pollution, interest in the effects of urban microclimates has been increasing. However, it is unclear whether the effects of microclimate on pedestrian volume can vary depending on the urban environment. This study determines whether microclimate’s influence on pedestrian volume differs according to land-use in the urban environment in Seoul, Korea. We constructed eight models with microclimate factors (temperature, precipitation, and PM10) as independent variables, using pedestrian volume as the dependent variable. We classified the models according to season and land-use and conducted a negative binomial regression analysis. The results confirmed that the effect of microclimate on pedestrian volume varies by land-use. A summary of the results is as follows. First, residential areas had more microclimate factors that significantly affected pedestrian volume compared to commercial areas. Second, for microclimate variables that had significant influences in commercial areas, the size of their influence was greater in commercial than in residential areas. Third, the influence of microclimatic factors on pedestrian volume in mixed-use areas has intermediate characteristics between residential and commercial areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: pedestrian volume; walking activity; urban microclimate; weather; air pollution; particulate matter; fine dust; PM10; land-use; zoning system; Seoul; Korea pedestrian volume; walking activity; urban microclimate; weather; air pollution; particulate matter; fine dust; PM10; land-use; zoning system; Seoul; Korea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.; Hong, S. Differences in the Influence of Microclimate on Pedestrian Volume According to Land-Use. Land 2021, 10, 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010037

AMA Style

Kim H, Hong S. Differences in the Influence of Microclimate on Pedestrian Volume According to Land-Use. Land. 2021; 10(1):37. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010037

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Heechul, and Sungjo Hong. 2021. "Differences in the Influence of Microclimate on Pedestrian Volume According to Land-Use" Land 10, no. 1: 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10010037

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