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Article

Effects of Land Urbanization on Smog Pollution in China: Estimation of Spatial Autoregressive Panel Data Models

1
Business School, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
2
College of Economics and Management, Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou 311300, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2020, 9(9), 337; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090337
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 22 September 2020
Studying the impact of land urbanization on smog pollution has important guiding significance for the sustainable development of cities. This study adds the spatial effect between regions into the research framework of smog pollution control in China. On the basis of a panel dataset of 31 province-level administrative regions in China from 2000 to 2017, we investigate the impact of land urbanization on smog pollution. We construct a spatial weight matrix and use Moran’s I statistic and the spatial autoregressive panel data model. The research results show that land urbanization and smog pollution have an inverted U-shaped relationship. With the advancement of land urbanization, the area’s smog pollution first increases and then decreases. However, in general, China has not passed the inflection point and is still at a stage where increasing land urbanization rate aggravates smog pollution. Moreover, the country’s smog pollution has a significant spatial positive correlation that shows agglomeration. In that context, multiple environmental governance entities, including the government, enterprises, and the public, need to collaborate on measures to reduce smog pollution. Future urban construction in China will need to integrate solutions that address the current nexus between urbanization and smog pollution to achieve green and sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: land urbanization; smog pollution; spatial panel econometrics methods; China land urbanization; smog pollution; spatial panel econometrics methods; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, X.; Shen, M.; Shen, W.; Zhang, X. Effects of Land Urbanization on Smog Pollution in China: Estimation of Spatial Autoregressive Panel Data Models. Land 2020, 9, 337. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090337

AMA Style

Yu X, Shen M, Shen W, Zhang X. Effects of Land Urbanization on Smog Pollution in China: Estimation of Spatial Autoregressive Panel Data Models. Land. 2020; 9(9):337. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090337

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Xuan, Manhong Shen, Weiteng Shen, and Xiao Zhang. 2020. "Effects of Land Urbanization on Smog Pollution in China: Estimation of Spatial Autoregressive Panel Data Models" Land 9, no. 9: 337. https://doi.org/10.3390/land9090337

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