Special Issue "Archaeological and Historical Landscapes of South America: From Past Changes to Current Landscape Configurations"
A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 October 2022 | Viewed by 3099
Interests: landscape archaeology; lowland culture; indigenous mounds; geoarchaeology; landscape management
A growing body of scientific knowledge demonstrates that an improved comprehension of present environments and landscapes must be based on an understanding of their past states and processes of change, as well as of the factors, including human activities, that drove landscape evolution over time. This is because the driving forces in landscape change are strongly rooted in historical, long-term dynamics, including cultural, socio-political and economic changes, all of which are traditionally studied by the humanities. These factors act on and are conditioned by ecological variables and environmental processes in a complexity of multidimensional interactions that create the specificity and uniqueness of each landscape. Thus, understanding a landscape’s capacity to support a specific activity or set of activities during prolonged time periods—ultimately, for its sustainable use—requires a long-term and transdisciplinary perspective.
Landscape archaeology is an area of study that transcends the conventional boundaries between research fields, providing interdisciplinary perspectives and tools for addressing questions on why and how landscapes have evolved, including the interaction between societies and the environment. Temporality, spatiality and materiality are all addressed by landscape archaeology studies, which can therefore offer a pluriversal view of landscapes, their singularity and their evolution, and disentangle the complex trajectories that have shaped current landscapes through time.
While questions still outnumber answers, in the last few decades, the study of landscape has shown an important development in South American Archaeology and Anthropology as a result of renovated theoretical and methodological approaches that include different ontological perspectives. The archaeological study of mountains, lowlands and indigenous agrarian landscapes; the study of commons, conflict and resistance; and the recent advances in archaeoastronomical investigation, among others, have become key areas of innovation in the South American landscape research scenario, with an increasingly prominent role of local communities in the investigation and management of their lands and in the construction of historical narratives.
In this Special Issue, we welcome papers that address the investigation of South American landscapes; their multiple ontologies; their characteristics, configuration and change; and how the archaeological view can inform present-day landscape use and management. Notably, we welcome contributions that:
- Test existing narratives around historic land use;
- Provide case studies demonstrating reasons for land-use change and resource use in the past and socioecological implications of these changes.
- Present cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of the origins of landscapes and their change, resilience and sustainable use in terms of thresholds and tipping points.
- Provide data that validate or test models of long-term change and advance our understanding of the relationship between local, regional and global patterns and drivers, including political ecology perspectives.
- Study how social relationships and cultural values shaped past and present perceptions of landscape.
- Integrate diverse ontological perspectives—indigenous, community and ecofeminist, among others—and decolonial views in landscape research and management.
Problem-oriented, interdisciplinary contributions that take a diachronic approach for exploring these themes’ links with landscape governance and participatory approaches are encouraged, as well as works with a policy dimension regarding specific South American regions or continental overviews.
Dr. Camila Gianotti
Dr. Cruz Ferro-Vázquez
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Land is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: The Materiality of the Movement: Mobility's approaches through paths and fences in the northeastern semiarid landscapes of Brazil.
Authors: Marcio Teixeira-Bastos; Rafael de Abreu e Souza
Affiliation: State University of São Paulo, UNESP; State University of Campinas, UNICAMP.
Abstract: This paper approaches fences and paths in the Brazilian Northeast semiarid landscapes. We argue that such things are an integral part of the domestic units, helping to forge a permanent place and building up landscapes, running side by side, forking and meeting humans and things, spreading for long distances. The Caatinga (a Tupi word meaning "white forest" or "white vegetation") as xeric shrubland and thorn forest is an ecoregion characterized by cacti, thick-stemmed plants, thorny brush, and arid-adapted grasses that make up the ground layer. It is the only exclusively Brazilian biome, which means that a large part of its biological heritage cannot be found anywhere else on the planet. Thus, the construction of the domestic unit as a place and as a metaphor for practices of permanence (at the same time changing), deals with the peasant's mobilities and realities, the materiality of the movement. Such things catch up with people, they gather and sort out humans and other things into heterogeneous mixes exactly to stay in the same place. Much of what we approached in domestic units has to do with the body moving and stopping or changing in the space. The paths connect to each peasant site and form what we called a galactic pattern, which dialogues with a rigid agrarian structure that controls the routine, the access to land, and specific spaces. It also concerns the practices of social reproduction, in the attempt of slower times and non-change, such as ways of ordering the landscape, and the time itself of the semiarid region in relation to what was called by Sérgio Buarque de Holanda (1957) as the calling of the sertanejo to the space.