Topical Collection "The New Era of Digital Marketing"

Editors

Dr. Shib Sankar Sana
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mathematics, Kishore Bharati Bhagini Nivedita College, Kolkata, India
Interests: inventory; production planning and control; bio-mathematics; supply chain management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Sweety Sadhukhan
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Commerce, Kishore Bharati Bhagini Nivedita College, Kolkata 700060, India
Interests: e-commerce; communication; marketing; women’s empowerment; human resources; stress; corporate governance; business and management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

Recently, technology has changed the business strategies of business leaders, especially when it comes to their marketing strategies. We are in the era of digital technologies where customers are inclined to online marketing besides offline marketing systems. Marketers found new ways of understanding and connecting with customers online. Massive use of smart phones is the biggest advantage for the marketer. Digital marketing services are not only limited to e-commerce apps and websites, but they expand to social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and so on. New media/social media plays a vital role apart from traditional mean of marketing.

Our endeavor is meant to encourage all professionals, academicians, industrialists, and other people surrounding us to act as consultants with their views and opinions about digital marketing. The aim of the book is to raise awareness about the future of digital marketing leading to a sustainable and profitable future.

Both original research and review articles with the objective of improving problems in the implementation of digital technology and social and environmental issues are encouraged.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Issues and challenges of online marketing
  • Role of social media
  • Viral marketing
  • Evolution of digital marketing
  • Role and importance of digital marketing in socio-economic development
  • Challenges and solution of digital marketing
  • Internet marketing
  • Future of digital marketing
  • Online green marketing strategies
  • Women and social marketing
  • Mathematical modeling on offline and online marketing and its comparison
  • Inventory control through offline and online (double channel)
  • Supply chain management
Dr. Shib Sankar Sana
Dr. Sweety Sadhukhan
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • digital marketing
  • digital transformation
  • value creation processes
  • sustainable and profitable future
  • social media
  • marketing strategy

Published Papers (14 papers)

2022

Jump to: 2021

Article
International Dynamic Marketing Capabilities of Emerging-Market Small Business on E-Commerce
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2022, 17(1), 199-211; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer17010010 - 17 Jan 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1564
Abstract
For better export marketing strategies (EMS), companies mobilize their internal resources, which are managerial commitment, firm experience, and product uniqueness. However, Small businesses with constrained resources cannot be well explained with this view. So, more research on how small businesses come up with [...] Read more.
For better export marketing strategies (EMS), companies mobilize their internal resources, which are managerial commitment, firm experience, and product uniqueness. However, Small businesses with constrained resources cannot be well explained with this view. So, more research on how small businesses come up with EMS has been called for. To explain how resource-restricted firms rely heavily on entrepreneurs, this study adopted the concept of dynamic managerial capabilities (DMCs) and resource versatility to better explain small business exports. We analyzed small businesses in Mongolia with qualitative research methods, including interviews with entrepreneurs and support organizations, site visits, and group discussions. We suggest international dynamic marketing capabilities (IDMCs), which are entrepreneurial orientation, networking capability, and versatile dynamic capability for small businesses. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed. Full article
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2021

Jump to: 2022

Article
Impact of Online Consumer Reviews on Amazon Books Sales: Empirical Evidence from India
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(7), 2793-2807; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16070153 - 19 Oct 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1708
Abstract
This study aims to assess the effect of online reviews on online book sales performance in the Indian context. A sales rank was used as a proxy measure for sales. The total sample size was 2028 books from the ‘bestseller’ and ‘recent’ book [...] Read more.
This study aims to assess the effect of online reviews on online book sales performance in the Indian context. A sales rank was used as a proxy measure for sales. The total sample size was 2028 books from the ‘bestseller’ and ‘recent’ book categories on Amazon.in. Cross-sectional analysis and difference-in-difference analysis approaches were adopted for data analysis. The results revealed that online reviews shared by the Indian consumers impact books sales, as the consumers prefer to analyze the books on the basis of available online reviews before making their purchase decision. Overall, the results indicated that reviews had a positive impact on the sales in both book categories. Full article
Review
Defining the Phygital Marketing Advantage
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(6), 2365-2385; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060130 - 14 Sep 2021
Viewed by 2890
Abstract
Interest in the application of phygital marketing to retail commerce has increased in recent years. Implicit in this excitement is the notion that physical experiences provide unique value above and beyond what can be offered via digital means, and therefore that combining the [...] Read more.
Interest in the application of phygital marketing to retail commerce has increased in recent years. Implicit in this excitement is the notion that physical experiences provide unique value above and beyond what can be offered via digital means, and therefore that combining the two can galvanize sales. However, the specific sources of this marketing potential remain undertheorized and the factors determining the appropriateness of such implementations remain unclear. Based on an extensive review of relevant literatures, we begin by considering a particularly important potential source of phygital marketing’s power. Specifically, we bring together findings from consumer psychology and neuroscience to provide a mechanistic account explaining how the combination of reduced “pain of payment”, facilitated by digital purchasing technologies, and the product attachment generated by real or simulated product experiences prior to purchase holds the potential to increase sales. We then propose a more general theoretical framework grounded on a review of primary and secondary research findings from consumer psychology and consumer neuroscience to explain the potential power of phygital marketing experiences, account for their unique value, and provide a platform for future research. The paper equips both academics and practitioners with a better and more scientific understanding of the practical dimensions of phygital commerce and lays a foundation for future enquiry. Full article
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Article
Methodical Aspects of MCDM Based E-Commerce Recommender System
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(6), 2192-2229; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060122 - 02 Sep 2021
Cited by 15 | Viewed by 1658
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to present the use of an innovative approach based on MCDM methods as the main component of a consumer Decision Support System (DSS) by recommending the most suitable products among a given set of alternatives. This system [...] Read more.
The aim of this paper is to present the use of an innovative approach based on MCDM methods as the main component of a consumer Decision Support System (DSS) by recommending the most suitable products among a given set of alternatives. This system provides a reliable recommendation to the consumer in the form of a compromise ranking constructed from the five MCDM methods: the hybrid approach TOPSIS-COMET, COCOSO, EDAS, MAIRCA, and MABAC. Each of the methods used contributes significantly to the final compromise ranking built with the Copeland strategy. Chosen MCDM methods were combined with the objective CRITIC weighting method, and their performance was presented on the illustrative example of choosing the most suitable mobile phone. A sensitivity analysis involving the rw and WS correlation coefficients was performed to determine the match between the compromise ranking of the candidates and the rankings provided by each MCDM method. Sensitivity analysis demonstrated that all investigated compromise candidate rankings show high convergence with the rankings provided by the particular MCDM methods. Thus, the performed study proved that the proposed approach shows high potential to be successfully used as a central component of DSS for recommending the most suitable product. Such DSS could be a universal and future-proof solution for e-commerce sites and websites, providing advanced product comparison capabilities in delivering a recommendation to the user as a final ranking of alternatives. Full article
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Article
Research on Influencing Factors of Service Interactive Experience of Digital Gas Station—The Case from China
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(6), 2151-2169; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16060120 - 31 Aug 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1089
Abstract
A series of digital marketing transformations have been carried out at Chinese gas stations. From the perspective of user experience, the article discovers the problems in the digital service system of gas stations. Through semi-structured interviews, we collect consumers’ actual usage of digital [...] Read more.
A series of digital marketing transformations have been carried out at Chinese gas stations. From the perspective of user experience, the article discovers the problems in the digital service system of gas stations. Through semi-structured interviews, we collect consumers’ actual usage of digital equipment and service systems. The research adopts grounded theory to encode qualitative data. The behavioral state and psychological needs of consumers in the driving situation are analyzed. The study clarifies the influence of consumer behavior status, service context process, key task difficulty, and service information visualization on service experience. The discovery of service problems in turn help to further optimize the digital service system. The constructed SITE model clarifies the key factors of user experience in the gas station scenario. The research findings can provide a theoretical reference and practical guidance for gas station business owners, managers, and designers. Full article
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Article
How Does Value Co-Creation Behavior Affect Destination Loyalty? A Role Switching Perspective
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1805-1826; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050101 - 05 Jun 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1762
Abstract
The concept of value co-creation brings about changes in tourists’ roles from value receivers to producers. Most existing studies take value co-creation behavior as a single dimension, ignoring the role switching of tourists. Starting from the precise constitution of value co-creation behavior, this [...] Read more.
The concept of value co-creation brings about changes in tourists’ roles from value receivers to producers. Most existing studies take value co-creation behavior as a single dimension, ignoring the role switching of tourists. Starting from the precise constitution of value co-creation behavior, this paper, utilizing the method of structural equation modeling (SEM), discusses the mechanism of the effects of tourist participation behavior and citizenship behavior on destination loyalty through each sub-dimension of perceived value. The results showed the following: (1) The participation behavior (in-role) and citizenship behavior (extra-role) of tourists affect different value dimensions. (2) The value co-created by tourists presents a hierarchical state from the primary to the higher level. Among the types of value, novelty and social value belong to the primary level while quality, economic, knowledge, and emotional value belong to the higher level. (3) Destination loyalty is driven not only by tourist behavior (in-role) but also by citizenship behavior (extra-role). Based on the perspective of role switching, this paper establishes the theoretical framework of role switching in the era of value co-creation and proposes some strategic suggestions for marketing transformation. Full article
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Article
Pricing of Complementary Products in Online Purchasing under Return Policy
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1718-1739; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050097 - 02 Jun 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1581
Abstract
In online purchasing, customers may return products due to dissatisfaction with the quality of the product, and receive a refund based on the return policy, which is determined by online distributors. Online distributors can offer generous policies to attract more customers, but at [...] Read more.
In online purchasing, customers may return products due to dissatisfaction with the quality of the product, and receive a refund based on the return policy, which is determined by online distributors. Online distributors can offer generous policies to attract more customers, but at the cost of reducing total profits. In this paper, the effect of the pricing and quality of complementary products (products sold together with other items) in online selling under the return policy is investigated. For this purpose, a mathematical model is developed to obtain optimal values for selling price, refund amount, and quality of products. Based on analytical results, a solution algorithm is proposed to solve the numerical examples and perform sensitivity analysis. Findings reveal that, while increasing the sensitivity of demand with respect to the refund amount, the price, quality, and refund on returned products should be increased. In addition, the online distributor should increase the quality of products when customers are more sensitive to the quality of products. Among other results, the selling price is shown to be negatively affected by demand elasticity with respect to price. In this situation, the online distributor should reduce the quality level and the refund amount for returned products to avoid a sharp decline in profit. In addition, when the quality cost is high, the price and quality should be decreased and the refund amount unchanged. Full article
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Review
Trends and Future Research in Electronic Marketing: A Bibliometric Analysis of Twenty Years
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1667-1679; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050094 - 21 May 2021
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2350
Abstract
Electronic marketing (eM) is a flourishing phenomenon that is gaining intense concern because of a significant impact on organizational performance. Over the past few decades, the relevance of eM has been observed in numerous fields (e.g., consumers, organizational strategy, advertisement, and overall philosophy [...] Read more.
Electronic marketing (eM) is a flourishing phenomenon that is gaining intense concern because of a significant impact on organizational performance. Over the past few decades, the relevance of eM has been observed in numerous fields (e.g., consumers, organizational strategy, advertisement, and overall philosophy of management to understand the insights globally). To effectively maneuver the field, all stakeholders, particularly academicians and practitioners, must comprehend the current position of the eM theory and practices for dynamic utilization. A systematic bibliometric analysis can serve this issue by providing a holistic view of the publication trend and its trajectory in terms of various themes, including citations and publication metrics. This study analyzes the bibliometric data from 2000 to 2019 to reveal the most productive countries, universities, authors, journals, and prolific publications in electronic marketing. To this end, VOS viewer software was used to visualize the mapping based on co-citation, bibliographic coupling (BC), and co-occurrence (CC). The primary addition of this research is to provide an overview of eM tendencies and paths that may help researchers know the tendencies and future research directions worldwide. Full article
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Article
eWOM in C2C Platforms: Combining IAM and Customer Satisfaction to Examine the Impact on Purchase Intention
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1612-1630; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050091 - 17 May 2021
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2421
Abstract
This study is focused on communications that come from consumer-to-consumer (C2C) ecommerce relationships. This topic is directly associated with the electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) phenomenon. eWOM is related to the set of positive or negative opinions made by potential, actual, or former customers about [...] Read more.
This study is focused on communications that come from consumer-to-consumer (C2C) ecommerce relationships. This topic is directly associated with the electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) phenomenon. eWOM is related to the set of positive or negative opinions made by potential, actual, or former customers about a seller. The present study proposes a structural equation modeling with partial least squares (PLS-SEM) research model to analyze consumers’ opinions impact on attitude toward purchasing. This model is based on the Information Adoption Model (IAM) in combination with an ecommerce satisfaction perspective, comprising five constructs: (1) service quality, (2) ecommerce satisfaction, (3) argument quality, (4) source credibility and (5) purchase intention. The model was tested by applying the Smart Partial Least Squares (SmartPLS) software for which 116 effective data from customers of the Taobao C2C platform were used. The findings reveal that all of the defined relationships were supported, confirming the positive impact of all the proposed constructs on the purchase intention. In this respect, the findings suggest that C2C platforms should strengthen the analyzed connections to grow the business and to promote transactions. Finally, implications and limitations related to the explanatory capacity and the sample are identified. Full article
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Article
The Influence of Situational Constraints on Consumers’ Evaluation and Use of Online Reviews: A Heuristic-Systematic Model Perspective
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1517-1536; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050085 - 08 May 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1709
Abstract
Online reviews help consumers make informed product choices by serving as a valuable source of information for a buying decision. However, consumer’s situational constraints such as time pressure or purchase uncertainty negatively impact the way in which buyers evaluate and use online reviews, [...] Read more.
Online reviews help consumers make informed product choices by serving as a valuable source of information for a buying decision. However, consumer’s situational constraints such as time pressure or purchase uncertainty negatively impact the way in which buyers evaluate and use online reviews, reducing their effectiveness. This study examines the influence of situational constraints, namely perceived time pressure and purchase uncertainty, on consumers’ evaluation and use of online reviews for information search. This empirical study used an online survey to collect data from 560 Amazon Mechanical Turk users. Findings indicate that both perceived time pressure and perceived purchase uncertainty are positively associated with heuristic processing of online reviews but negatively associated with systematic processing of online reviews. Moreover, while both heuristic and systematic information processing increased buyers’ self-confidence in their purchase decisions, systematic processing led to greater buyer self-confidence than did heuristic processing. This study concludes with a discussion of practical and academic implications, as well as future research directions. Full article
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Article
The Role of TQMk in Increasing the Effectiveness of E-Marketing within the Jordanian Telecommunication Sector
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1353-1368; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050076 - 16 Apr 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1297
Abstract
The current study focused on examining the role of TQMk (Total Quality Marketing) in increasing the effectiveness of e-marketing within Jordanian telecommunication sector; TQMk included variables of service quality, market orientation and the customer-focused approach. A quantitative approach was adopted through utilizing a [...] Read more.
The current study focused on examining the role of TQMk (Total Quality Marketing) in increasing the effectiveness of e-marketing within Jordanian telecommunication sector; TQMk included variables of service quality, market orientation and the customer-focused approach. A quantitative approach was adopted through utilizing a questionnaire, which was distributed to 18 marketing and project managers within Jordanian telecommunication organizations (Zain, Umniah and Orange). Results of the study indicated that TQMk can have an influence in increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of e-marketing solutions within the organization and mainly within the social marketing and electronic marketing departments, through developing the variable of the customer-focused approach, which has the deepest influence on e-marketing approach’s effectiveness; it was followed by an influence of service quality, and the least influential factor was market orientation. The study recommended focusing on clients within the targeted markets through different aspects, including price, new products acceptance, customer behavior and purchase decision motivators. Full article
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Article
The Relationship of CSR Communication on Social Media with Consumer Purchase Intention and Brand Admiration
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(5), 1217-1230; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16050068 - 07 Apr 2021
Cited by 20 | Viewed by 4348
Abstract
With the advent of the Internet and other digital technologies, contemporary businesses from all sectors are using social media for communication with consumers to engage them meaningfully with a brand. However, the use of social media for corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication is [...] Read more.
With the advent of the Internet and other digital technologies, contemporary businesses from all sectors are using social media for communication with consumers to engage them meaningfully with a brand. However, the use of social media for corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication is relatively new to the existing literature. Likewise, the impact of CSR communication through social media (CSR-S) on consumer emotions and behavior is, to date, underexplored. To address this, the present research aims to test the relationship of CSR-S on brand admiration and consumer purchase intention. The study proposes a direct relationship between CSR-S and purchase intention with a mediating effect of brand admiration. The data were collected from the banking consumers of Pakistan through a self-administered questionnaire. The authors distributed 800 questionnaires and received 463 questionnaires useful for data analysis, so the present research study response rate was around 59%. The data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling (SEM) technique in AMOS. The results revealed that CSR-S is positively related to purchase intention (β = 0.233). The results further showed that brand admiration partially mediates this relationship (β = 0.079). The survey respondents confirmed that their bank’s CSR communication helps enhance their purchase likelihood and their feelings of admiration for their bank. These findings will help policymakers at banking institutions better understand the importance of CSR communication on different social media platforms to achieve consumer-related outcomes. Full article
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Article
The Relationship between CSR Communication on Social Media, Purchase Intention, and E-WOM in the Banking Sector of an Emerging Economy
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(4), 1025-1041; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16040058 - 18 Mar 2021
Cited by 17 | Viewed by 4818
Abstract
Modern businesses in the present digital age are facing different challenges for survival and growth due to the stiff competitive environment that prevails almost in every sector. Technology, especially digital technology, has changed the way of doing business around the globe. Marketers need [...] Read more.
Modern businesses in the present digital age are facing different challenges for survival and growth due to the stiff competitive environment that prevails almost in every sector. Technology, especially digital technology, has changed the way of doing business around the globe. Marketers need to develop new strategies by incorporating the element of digital technology to overrun their competitors, as conventional competitive strategies will not produce extraordinaryresults. The rise of social media, in this regard, is a game-changer in the context of marketing as it provides a strategic touchpoint to the marketers to involve the customers with a brand. Prior research has largely ignored the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices of a brand and positive customer experiences. Hence the present study aims to test the relationship of customer-related CSR activities on social media on behavioral consequences of customers, such as their purchase likelihood and electronic word of mouth (E-WOM). The data were collected from the banking customers of a developing economy and were analyzed through structural equation modeling in AMOS software. The results revealed that customer-related CSR activitieson social mediainfluence customer behavioral outcomes like E-WOM and purchase intentions. The result also revealed that brand attitude mediates the relationship between customer-related CSR, E-WOM, and purchase intentions. The findings of the present study can help policymakers to understand the importance of CSRpractices from the perspective of marketing, which is largely ignored by contemporary CSR researchers. Full article
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Article
Creating Electronic Word of Mouth Credibility through Social Networking Sites and Determining Its Impact on Brand Image and Online Purchase Intentions in India
J. Theor. Appl. Electron. Commer. Res. 2021, 16(4), 1008-1024; https://doi.org/10.3390/jtaer16040057 - 13 Mar 2021
Cited by 15 | Viewed by 3788
Abstract
The aim of this study is to identify the factors affecting the credibility of electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) stimulation through Social Networking Sites (SNSs) through an empirical model providing both theoretical understandings and practical implications. The proposed framework explicates the consumer’s use of SNSs [...] Read more.
The aim of this study is to identify the factors affecting the credibility of electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) stimulation through Social Networking Sites (SNSs) through an empirical model providing both theoretical understandings and practical implications. The proposed framework explicates the consumer’s use of SNSs as a tool for information sharing and its effect on brand image and online purchase intentions. The consumer survey was done through a structured questionnaire developed in accordance with the literature. Data was collected from 256 respondents, using both offline and online modes from 4 different cities of India. Structural Equation Modeling was employed to estimate the proposed model and determine the antecedents of consumer eWOM credibility and in turn its effect on brand image leading to consumer purchase intentions. The results show SNS activities play a significant role in creating eWOM credibility, which leads to shaping the brand image and purchase intentions. The findings would help companies to create a positive brand image to enhance their purchase intentions through eWOM aroused via SNSs. Full article
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