Topical Collection "Trends in Emerging Markets Finance, Institutions and Money"

Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Duc Khuong Nguyen

IPAG Business School, France & SPEA, Indiana University, USA
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +33 (0) 1 53 63 36 00
Interests: asset pricing; energy finance; financial economics; financial modeling
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Stéphane Goutte

University of Paris 8, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: mathematical finance; energy finance; applied econometrics; computational econometrics; financial econometrics

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

In her recent speech at the University of Maryland, on 4 February 2016, Christine Lagarde, the Managing Director of International Monetary Fund, pointed out the increasing importance of emerging markets countries as a locomotive of the global growth (80% since the global financial crisis of 2008), job creations, poverty reduction and international trade activities. Together with other developing economies, they now contribute up to 60% of global GDP. However, emerging markets are still found to be vulnerable to external shocks, essentially due to their ongoing maturing institutions and increased financial tights with their developed counterparts. High exposure to decreases in capital outflows following a more-rapid-than-expected tightening of the US monetary policy is another reason that could challenge economic growth and financial development of emerging markets.

This Special Issue will dedicate special attention to the current dynamics of emerging financial markets, as well as their perspectives of development as a key driver for sustainable firms and economies. Accordingly, the focus is particularly placed on market integration and interdependence, valuations and risk management practices, and the financing means for inclusive growth.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • Financial markets and efficiency
  • Asset pricing models
  • Sustainable finance
  • Cost of capital in emerging markets
  • Determinants of saving and investment
  • Capital flows
  • Exchange rate volatility
  • Sovereign risks
  • Policy uncertainty and financial risk
  • Stock market co-movement and contagion
  • Cross-border investments
Prof. Dr. Duc Khuong Nguyen
Prof. Dr. Stéphane Goutte
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • Valuation models
  • Risk sharing and management
  • Financial integration
  • Sustainable finance
  • International investments
  • Capital mobility

Published Papers (10 papers)

2019

Jump to: 2018

Open AccessArticle The Impact of Corporate Diversification and Financial Structure on Firm Performance: Evidence from South Asian Countries
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12(1), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12010049 (registering DOI)
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 20 March 2019 / Accepted: 21 March 2019 / Published: 25 March 2019
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Abstract
We examined the impact of corporate diversification and financial structure on the firms’ financial performance. We collected data from 520 manufacturing firms from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. We used panel data of 14 years from 2004–2017 to analyze the results. We [...] Read more.
We examined the impact of corporate diversification and financial structure on the firms’ financial performance. We collected data from 520 manufacturing firms from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. We used panel data of 14 years from 2004–2017 to analyze the results. We applied a two-step dynamic panel approach to analyze the hypotheses. We found that product diversification and geographic diversification significantly affected the firms’ financial performance. We further found that dividend policy and capital structure had a significant impact on the firm’s financial performance. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Determinants and Impacts of Financial Literacy in Cambodia and Viet Nam
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12010019
Received: 1 December 2018 / Revised: 11 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
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Abstract
Our paper extends the literature on the determinants and impacts of financial literacy by conducting the OECD/INFE survey in two relatively low-income Asian economies—Cambodia and Viet Nam—and analyzing the determinants of financial literacy and the effects of financial literacy on savings and financial [...] Read more.
Our paper extends the literature on the determinants and impacts of financial literacy by conducting the OECD/INFE survey in two relatively low-income Asian economies—Cambodia and Viet Nam—and analyzing the determinants of financial literacy and the effects of financial literacy on savings and financial inclusion. Generally, our study corroborates the findings of studies of other countries, but uncovers some differences as well. The main determinants of financial literacy are found to be educational level, income, age, and occupational status. Both financial literacy and general education levels are found to be positively and significantly related to savings behavior and financial inclusion, and these results generally hold even when correcting for possible endogeneity of financial literacy. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Exchange Rate Volatility and Disaggregated Manufacturing Exports: Evidence from an Emerging Country
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12010012
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 21 December 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
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Abstract
The link between export performance and exchange rate policy has been attracting attention from policymakers, academics, and practitioners for some time, particularly for emerging countries. It has been recently claimed that implementing a policy that devalues the currency in Vietnam is an important [...] Read more.
The link between export performance and exchange rate policy has been attracting attention from policymakers, academics, and practitioners for some time, particularly for emerging countries. It has been recently claimed that implementing a policy that devalues the currency in Vietnam is an important factor for enhancing its export performance. However, it is also argued that such a policy could result in the harmful consequence of exchange rate volatility. This study analyzes the link between exchange rate devaluation, volatility, and export performance. The analysis focuses on the manufacturing sector and 10 of its subsectors that were engaged in the export of goods between Vietnam and 26 key export partners during the 2000–2015 period. Potential factors that could affect this relationship, such as the global financial crisis, Vietnam’s participation in the World Trade Organization, or even the export partners’ geographic structures, are also accounted for in the model. The findings confirm that a strategy that depreciates Vietnam’s currency appears to enhance manufacturing exports in the short run, whereas the resulting exchange rate volatility has clear negative effects in the long run. The impact of exchange rate volatility on manufacturing subsectors depends on two factors, namely, (i) the type of export and (ii) the export destination. Policy implications emerging from these conclusions are presented. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Using Unconventional Wisdom to Re-Assess and Rebuild the BRICS
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12010008
Received: 21 November 2018 / Revised: 28 December 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 7 January 2019
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Abstract
In 2015, Goldman Sachs closed its BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China) fund after years of losses and plummeting assets. Emerging markets had, once again, turned into submerging markets. Their dependence on “developed” markets and established institutions had failed them in a post-Global Financial [...] Read more.
In 2015, Goldman Sachs closed its BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China) fund after years of losses and plummeting assets. Emerging markets had, once again, turned into submerging markets. Their dependence on “developed” markets and established institutions had failed them in a post-Global Financial Crisis (GFC) era, anchored in protectionism, risks, volatility, and uncertainty. The once commonly-accepted wisdom that called for US housing prices to always increase was part of the problem and contagion. Rebuilding the BRICS (S for South Africa) using conventional wisdom would probably not work. A new approach is necessary, especially since the last key contributions to show the inadequacy of a conventional wisdom-based strategy in emerging markets are more than ten years old. To help fill this gap, this paper proposes a holistic analytical framework for strategists to re-assess risks and opportunities in the BRICS. We illustrate how five basic assumptions can be proven wrong and lead to the creation of unconventional wisdom that can help derive some strategic insights. We find that rebuilding the BRICS for them to be more resilient is possible, if not vital, for the health of the global economy. Full article
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2018

Jump to: 2019

Open AccessArticle Contagion Risks in Emerging Stock Markets: New Evidence from Asia and Latin America
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2018, 11(4), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm11040089
Received: 26 September 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 14 December 2018
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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether contagion actually occurred during three well-known financial crises in 1990s and 2000s: Mexican “Tequila” crisis in 1994, Asian “flu” crisis in 1997 and US subprime crisis in 2007. We apply dynamic conditional correlation models [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether contagion actually occurred during three well-known financial crises in 1990s and 2000s: Mexican “Tequila” crisis in 1994, Asian “flu” crisis in 1997 and US subprime crisis in 2007. We apply dynamic conditional correlation models (DCC-GARCH(1,1)) to daily stock-index returns of eight Asian stock markets, six Latin American stock markets and US stock market. Defining contagion as a significant increase of dynamic conditional correlations, we test for contagion by using a difference test for DCC means. The results obtained shows that there is a pure contagion from crisis-originating markets to other emerging stock markets during these three crisis. However, the contagion effects are different from one crisis to the other. Firstly, during the Mexican crisis, contagion is detected in only the Latin American region. Secondly, during the Asian crisis, we find evidence of contagion in some markets in both the Asian and Latin American regions. Finally, contagion is proved to be present in all stock markets with the only exception for Brazil during US subprime crisis. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Assessment of Upstream Petroleum Fiscal Regimes in Myanmar
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2018, 11(4), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm11040085
Received: 28 October 2018 / Revised: 25 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
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Abstract
This study aims to assess Myanmar’s upstream petroleum fiscal regimes by applying comprehensive indicators to rank the level of attractiveness of Myanmar. The indicators include government take (GT), front loading index (FLI), and composite score (CS). The decision maker’s attitude for GT and [...] Read more.
This study aims to assess Myanmar’s upstream petroleum fiscal regimes by applying comprehensive indicators to rank the level of attractiveness of Myanmar. The indicators include government take (GT), front loading index (FLI), and composite score (CS). The decision maker’s attitude for GT and FLI were considered in CS linear weighting method in ranking the fiscal terms attractiveness. The results showed that Myanmar’s upstream petroleum fiscal regime has low attraction compared to its competing countries from the investor’s point of view, both in terms of the risk to the investor in the earlier part of the project and in terms of evaluation with or without the time value of money. Also, royalty and cost recovery were identified to have an impact on the attractiveness rank of petroleum fiscal regime in Myanmar. Therefore, Myanmar should consider improving its fiscal regimes that are not neutral—particularly, royalty, tax, profit split, and cost recovery—for a favorable investment climate. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Incorporating Credit Quality in Bank Efficiency Measurements: A Directional Distance Function Approach
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2018, 11(4), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm11040078
Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 28 October 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
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Abstract
The objective of the study was to measure the risk-adjusted efficiency of banks in 24 emerging economies for the period of 1999–2013. A two-stage network data envelopment analysis (DEA), with separate deposit mobilization and loan financing stages was used. Efficiency was measured using [...] Read more.
The objective of the study was to measure the risk-adjusted efficiency of banks in 24 emerging economies for the period of 1999–2013. A two-stage network data envelopment analysis (DEA), with separate deposit mobilization and loan financing stages was used. Efficiency was measured using directional distance functions with DEA, featuring non-performing loans as undesirable outputs. The distributions of efficiency scores were different when credit quality was taken into account. The distribution of efficiency scores varied systematically with accumulation of non-performing loans across regions. The financial crisis of 2007–2008 impacted more adversely the regions that had higher proportions of non-performing loans in banks’ portfolios. The results of a follow-on non-parametric regression showed that smaller, better capitalized, and private banks were more efficient. The conditions conducive for high levels of technical efficiency by banks were found to be characterized by economic growth and low inflation. Full article
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Open AccessArticle A Test of Market Efficiency When Short Selling Is Prohibited: A Case of the Dhaka Stock Exchange
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2018, 11(4), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm11040059
Received: 9 August 2018 / Revised: 26 September 2018 / Accepted: 28 September 2018 / Published: 2 October 2018
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Abstract
A ban on short selling exists on several exchanges, especially in emerging markets. In most cases, short selling has always been prohibited, thus making it difficult to examine the ban’s effect on price discovery. In this paper, we consider data from the Dhaka [...] Read more.
A ban on short selling exists on several exchanges, especially in emerging markets. In most cases, short selling has always been prohibited, thus making it difficult to examine the ban’s effect on price discovery. In this paper, we consider data from the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) to test for a short selling ban on market efficiency. The analysis examines runs in daily stock returns and then forms a distribution of return clusters according to their duration. Using Monte Carlo simulation, we find that runs of longer duration appear more frequently in the DSE data than we would expect in efficient markets. We compare these results to stocks in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). We find that the same runs tests accord with market efficiency for liquid and easily shorted DJIA stocks. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Financial Risk Disclosure and Financial Attributes among Publicly Traded Manufacturing Companies: Evidence from Bangladesh
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2018, 11(3), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm11030050
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 15 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
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Abstract
We explore the relationship between the degree of financial risk disclosure and a firm’s financial attributes. Financial risk disclosure indices (FRDIs) are calculated based on a set of 30 disclosure identifiers through content analysis of the annual reports of 48 manufacturing companies over [...] Read more.
We explore the relationship between the degree of financial risk disclosure and a firm’s financial attributes. Financial risk disclosure indices (FRDIs) are calculated based on a set of 30 disclosure identifiers through content analysis of the annual reports of 48 manufacturing companies over a six-year period (2010–2015) in Bangladesh. We find no common practice among the companies in disclosing financial risk by integrating a customized financial risk disclosure into their financial reporting process. The results indicate that firm size, financial performance, and auditor type are positively and significantly associated with the level of financial risk disclosure. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Value-at-Risk for South-East Asian Stock Markets: Stochastic Volatility vs. GARCH
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2018, 11(2), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm11020018
Received: 16 March 2018 / Revised: 3 April 2018 / Accepted: 3 April 2018 / Published: 5 April 2018
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Abstract
This study compares the performance of several methods to calculate the Value-at-Risk of the six main ASEAN stock markets. We use filtered historical simulations, GARCH models, and stochastic volatility models. The out-of-sample performance is analyzed by various backtesting procedures. We find that simpler [...] Read more.
This study compares the performance of several methods to calculate the Value-at-Risk of the six main ASEAN stock markets. We use filtered historical simulations, GARCH models, and stochastic volatility models. The out-of-sample performance is analyzed by various backtesting procedures. We find that simpler models fail to produce sufficient Value-at-Risk forecasts, which appears to stem from several econometric properties of the return distributions. With stochastic volatility models, we obtain better Value-at-Risk forecasts compared to GARCH. The quality varies over forecasting horizons and across markets. This indicates that, despite a regional proximity and homogeneity of the markets, index volatilities are driven by different factors. Full article
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