Special Issue "Data Acquisition and Processing in Cultural Heritage"

A special issue of ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information (ISSN 2220-9964).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Gabriele Bitelli

DICAM – Dept. of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2 - 40136 Bologna, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Integration of Geomatics techniques for Cultural Heritage; 3D modeling; HGIS & HBIM; Remote Sensing
Guest Editor
Prof. Fulvio Rinaudo

ISPRS WG II/8 Chair, Dept. of Architecture & Design, Politecnico di Torino, Viale P.A. Mattioli 39-10125 Torino, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +390110907659
Interests: Metric survey techniques for Cultural Heritage assets; GIS & BIM; HGIS & HBIM
Guest Editor
Prof. Diego Gonzalez-Aguilera

ISPRS WG II/8 Co-Chair, Cartographic and Land Engineering Department, Higher Polytechnic School of Avila, University of Salamanca, Hornos Caleros, 50 05003, Avila, Spain
Website | E-Mail
Phone: 625399698
Interests: Photogrammetry and Computer Vision
Guest Editor
Prof. Pierre Grussenmeyer

Photogrammetry and Geomatics Group, ICUBE UMR 7357 Laboratory, INSA Strasbourg, 24 Boulevard de la Victoire, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Architectural photogrammetry & laser scanning; Mobile Mapping Systems; Integration and Accuracy of data in 3D city and building models; BIM; Heritage-BIM

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The increasing spread of digital techniques for Cultural Heritage with regards to recording, documentation, monitoring, representation, management and valorization by complex information systems, makes an extensive scientific discussion of the methods adopted for data acquisition and processing increasingly important.

Research innovations, new tools and best practices, both in terms of data capture and in their elaboration and modelling, can be shared and discussed to identify the most efficient and effective solutions in a rapidly-evolving sector. We believe that a wide spectrum of applications can benefit from this dialogue, allowing new studies and analyses and supporting better heritage knowledge and better conservation or restoration policies.

Aim of this Special Issue

This Special Issue aims to present and promote innovative concepts, technologies, methods, and tools in the acquisition and processing of metric and semantic data for Cultural Heritage applications, facilitating the dialogue in the Geomatics scientific community, and in relation to other related research fields, such as computer graphics, conservation, restoration and management of Cultural Heritage.

This Special Issue brings together scientists, developers and advanced users in 3D data acquisition, processing and visualization, aiming to encourage cooperation and practice sharing in the various fields where 3D technologies are nowadays used.

Topics

In line with the context and aims outlined above, we invite original research contributions on the following topics:

  • Innovative techniques for range-based and image-based data acquisition and processing
  • New developments in sensors and special devices for Cultural Heritage surveying and monitoring
  • Advances in 3D modelling pipeline
  • Device calibration for 3D data acquisition
  • Automation of processes in sensor and multi-resolution data fusion
  • Semantic classification of cloud points
  • Innovative platforms for HBIM
  • Database organization for HBIM
  • Change detection procedures for Cultural Heritage
  • Heritage monitoring by advanced remote sensed methods
  • Quality evaluation and standards in Cultural Heritage recording and documentation
  • Virtual and Augmented Reality for Cultural Heritage

Prof. Gabriele Bitelli
Prof. Fulvio Rinaudo
Prof. Diego Gonzalez-Aguilera
Prof. Pierre Grussenmeyer
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle An Architecture for Mobile Outdoors Augmented Reality for Cultural Heritage
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(12), 463; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7120463
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 29 November 2018
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Abstract
In this paper, we present the software architecture of a complete mobile tourist guide for cultural heritage sites located in the old town of Chania, Crete, Greece. This includes gamified components that motivate the user to traverse the suggested interest points, as well
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In this paper, we present the software architecture of a complete mobile tourist guide for cultural heritage sites located in the old town of Chania, Crete, Greece. This includes gamified components that motivate the user to traverse the suggested interest points, as well as technically challenging outdoors augmented reality (AR) visualization features. The main focus of the AR feature is to superimpose 3D models of historical buildings in their past state onto the real world, while users walk around the Venetian part of Chania’s city, exploring historical information in the form of text and images. We examined and tested registration and tracking mechanisms based on commercial AR frameworks in the challenging outdoor, sunny environment of a Mediterranean town, addressing relevant technical challenges. Upon visiting one of three significant monuments, a 3D model displaying the monument in its past state is visualized onto the mobile phone’s screen at the exact location of the real-world monument, while the user is exploring the area. A location-based experience was designed and integrated into the application, enveloping the 3D model with real-world information at the same time. The users are urged to explore interest areas and unlock historical information, while earning points following a gamified experience. By combining AR technologies with location-aware and gamified elements, we aim to promote the technologically enhanced public appreciation of cultural heritage sites and showcase the cultural depth of the city of Chania. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Acquisition and Processing in Cultural Heritage)
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Open AccessArticle Application of Open-Source Software in Community Heritage Resources Management
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(11), 426; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7110426
Received: 19 July 2018 / Revised: 3 October 2018 / Accepted: 28 October 2018 / Published: 31 October 2018
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Abstract
In this paper, we present a case study of community heritage resources investigation and management, which was a collaborative project conducted by researchers and participants from rural communities. Geotagged photos were obtained using smart phones, and 360-degree panoramas were acquired using a robotic
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In this paper, we present a case study of community heritage resources investigation and management, which was a collaborative project conducted by researchers and participants from rural communities. Geotagged photos were obtained using smart phones, and 360-degree panoramas were acquired using a robotic camera system. These images were then uploaded to a web-based GIS (WebGIS) developed using Arches-Heritage Inventory Package (HIP), an open-source geospatial software system for cultural heritage inventory and management. By providing various tools for resources annotation, data exploration, mapping, geovisualization, and spatial analysis, the WebGIS not only serves as a platform for heritage resources database management, but also empowers the community residents to acquire, share, interpret, and analyze the data. The results show that this type of collaborative working model between researcher and community can promote public awareness of the importance of heritage conservation and achieve the research goal more effectively and efficiently. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Acquisition and Processing in Cultural Heritage)
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Graphical abstract

Open AccessArticle Novel Method for Virtual Restoration of Cultural Relics with Complex Geometric Structure Based on Multiscale Spatial Geometry
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(9), 353; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7090353
Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 9 August 2018 / Published: 27 August 2018
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Abstract
Because of the age of relics and the lack of historical data, the geometric forms of missing parts can only be judged by the subjective experience of repair personnel, which leads to varying restoration effects when the geometric structure of the complex relic
[...] Read more.
Because of the age of relics and the lack of historical data, the geometric forms of missing parts can only be judged by the subjective experience of repair personnel, which leads to varying restoration effects when the geometric structure of the complex relic is reconstructed. Therefore, virtual repair effects cannot fully reflect the historical appearance of cultural relics. In order to solve this problem, this paper presents a virtual restoration method based on the multiscale spatial geometric features of cultural relics in the case of complex construction where the geometric shape of the damaged area is unknown, using the Dazu Thousand-Hand Bodhisattva statue in China as an example. In this study, the global geometric features of the three-dimensional (3D) model are analyzed in space to determine the geometric shape of the damaged parts of cultural relics. The local geometric features are represented by skeleton lines based on regression analysis, and a geometric size prediction model of the defective parts is established, which is used to calculate the geometric dimensions of the missing parts. Finally, 3D surface reconstruction technology is used to quantitate virtual restoration of the defective parts. This method not only provides a new idea for the virtual restoration of artifacts with complex geometric structure, but also may play a vital role in the protection of cultural relics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Acquisition and Processing in Cultural Heritage)
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Open AccessArticle A Methodology for Planar Representation of Frescoed Oval Domes: Formulation and Testing on Pisa Cathedral
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(8), 318; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080318
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 24 July 2018 / Accepted: 3 August 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
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Abstract
This paper presents an original methodology for planar development of a frescoed dome with an oval plan. Input data include a rigorous geometric survey, performed with a laser scanner, and a photogrammetry campaign, which associates a high-quality photographic texture to the 3D model.
[...] Read more.
This paper presents an original methodology for planar development of a frescoed dome with an oval plan. Input data include a rigorous geometric survey, performed with a laser scanner, and a photogrammetry campaign, which associates a high-quality photographic texture to the 3D model. Therefore, the main topics include the development of geometry and, contextually, of the associated textures. In order to overcome the inability to directly develop the surface, an orthographic azimuthal projection is used. Starting from a prerequisite study of building methodology, the dome is divided into sectors and bands, each linked with the maximum acceptable deformations and the actual geometric discontinuities detectable by the analysis of Gaussian curvature. Upon definition of the development model, a custom automation script has been devised for geometry projection. This effectively generates a (u,v) map, associated to the model, which is used for model texturing and provides the planar development of the fresco. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Acquisition and Processing in Cultural Heritage)
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