Special Issue "Infectious Disease Epidemiology 2020: The Importance of (Re)Emerging Occupational Infectious Agents"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Occupational Safety and Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Antoon De Schryver
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Family Medicine & Population Health, University of Antwerpen, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium
Interests: occupational medicine; infectious diseases; epidemiology; occupational infectious agents; prevention; vaccination
Dr. Koen De Schrijver
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Family Medicine & Population Health, University of Antwerpen, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium
Interests: occupational medicine; public health; infectious diseases; epidemiology; vaccination; outbreak management
Dr. Guido François
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Family Medicine & Population Health, University of Antwerpen, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium
Interests: public health; risks; healthcare workers; prevention; population; disease burden
Dr. Helena C. Maltezou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Directorate of Epidemiological Surveillance and Interventions for Infectious Diseases, National Public Health Organization, Athens, Greece
Interests: vaccinations; influenza; healthcare personnel; occupational; healthcare-associated infection

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

During recent years, media coverage has raised public awareness of (re)emerging biological risks, the current pandemic caused by COVID-19 being a recent example. Most of the (re)emerging biological risks also cause new occupational health risks, and therefore occupational infections are not only associated with health workers, but appear as a new and increasing cause of occupational disease, while older risks like measles are re-emerging. The epidemiology of occupational infectious diseases has some special features: workers are both ‘at risk’ and ‘sources of risk’, workers may be immune, a case may be a source without being recognized as a case, there can be a need for urgency, and preventive measures (usually) have a good scientific basis.

Worldwide, an estimated 320,000 employees die annually from work-related infectious diseases. Morbidity from work-related infectious disease is probably much higher, but the true extent of incidence is difficult to establish, as data are lacking.

Undisputedly, work-related infectious disease may result in harm to the health of an individual worker and may impose a high disease burden on a population.

In this Special Issue, we invite all interested researchers to contribute to our understanding of the epidemiology of occupational (re)emerging infections and preventive strategies.

Dr. Antoon De Schryver
Dr. Koen De Schrijver
Dr. Guido François
Dr. Helena C. Maltezou
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • epidemiologic studies
  • infectious diseases
  • occupational infectious agents
  • occupational illnesses
  • occupational exposure
  • workers/workplaces
  • biological agents
  • disease outbreaks
  • prevention
  • vaccination

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Validity and Reliability of Self-Assessment Tool for Risk Prioritization Following Exposure to Tuberculosis in a Hospital Setting
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3981; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083981 - 09 Apr 2021
Viewed by 330
Abstract
The Modified Self-Assessment (MSA) and Present Self-Assessment (PSA) forms are questionnaires used to prioritize the risk of infection of health workers exposed to tuberculosis (TB) in Srinagarind Hospital in Thailand. As MSA was developed from PSA, the validity and reliability of MSA need [...] Read more.
The Modified Self-Assessment (MSA) and Present Self-Assessment (PSA) forms are questionnaires used to prioritize the risk of infection of health workers exposed to tuberculosis (TB) in Srinagarind Hospital in Thailand. As MSA was developed from PSA, the validity and reliability of MSA need to be assessed. The research aim is to examine the content validity of MSA and to assess the respective reliability of MSA and PSA vis-à-vis expert opinion. Seven experts determined the content validity index (CVI) of MSA. MSA and PSA were used to prioritize the TB contact of 108 subjects, and we compared the result with the risk assessed by the experts. The respective Kappa agreements between MSA and PSA and the experts were used to assess reliability. The result of the content validity index revealed that MSA had I-CVI > 0.83 for all questions and an S-CVI/Ave above 0.90 for all factors. The Kappa agreement of contact priority between MSA and the experts was 0.80; it was 0.58 between PSA and the experts. MSA can, thus, be used to prioritize contact with tuberculosis in Srinagarind Hospital. MSA is a valid risk communication tool for aerosol-generating procedures. Further study should be conducted in other hospitals, and the number of participants should be increased in order to come to a concrete result. Full article
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