Special Issue "Cadmium, Environmental Exposure and Health Outcomes"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Science and Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Yasushi Suwazono
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba 260-8670, Japan
Interests: environmental medicine; occupational health
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Masaru Sakurai
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Ishikawa 920-0265, Japan
Interests: occupational health; epidemiology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We are organizing a Special Issue on the environmental exposure and health outcomes of cadmium in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. The venue is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes articles and communications in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public health. For detailed information on the journal, we refer you to https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph.

Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal with a harmful effect on the kidney, bone, and various organ systems. The main sources of cadmium exposure are considered to be the ingestion of contaminated food, active and passive smoking, and inhalation in workers from fields such as in battery manufacturing. Environmental cadmium exposure has been recognized as a worldwide public health issue. This Special Issue is open to any subject area related to environmental exposure to and health problems of cadmium. The listed keywords suggest just a few of the many possibilities.

Prof. Dr. Yasushi Suwazono
Dr. Masaru Sakurai
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • bone effect
  • cadmium exposure
  • environmental exposure
  • general population
  • kidney effect
  • life prognosis

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
The Relationship between the Urinary Cadmium Concentration and Cause-Specific Mortality in Subjects without Severe Renal Damage: A 35-Year Follow-Up Study in a Cadmium-Polluted Area of Japan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7747; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157747 - 21 Jul 2021
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Abstract
We evaluated the association between urinary cadmium concentration (uCd, μg/g Cr) and risk of cause-specific mortality according to urinary β2-microglobulin (MG) concentration. Participants were 1383 male and 1700 female inhabitants of the Cd-polluted Kakehashi River basin. The uCd and β2-MG were evaluated in [...] Read more.
We evaluated the association between urinary cadmium concentration (uCd, μg/g Cr) and risk of cause-specific mortality according to urinary β2-microglobulin (MG) concentration. Participants were 1383 male and 1700 female inhabitants of the Cd-polluted Kakehashi River basin. The uCd and β2-MG were evaluated in a survey in 1981–1982, where those participants were followed-up over 35 years later. Among the participants with a urinary β2-MG < 1000, the hazard ratios (HRs) (95% confidence interval) for mortality were significantly higher in those with a uCd of ≥10.0 compared with <5.0 for cardiovascular disease [HR 1.92 (1.08–3.40) for men, 1.71 (1.07–2.71) for women], pneumonia or influenza [2.10 (1.10–4.00) for men, 2.22 (1.17–4.19) for women], and digestive diseases [for men; 3.81 (1.49–9.74)]. The uCd was significantly associated with mortality from heart failure in women and digestive diseases in men, after adjustment for other causes of death using the Fine and Gray competing risk regression model. For participants with a urinary β2-MG of ≥1000, no significant association was observed between uCd and any major cause of death. In the absence of kidney damage, Cd may increase the risk of death from cardiovascular disease, pneumonia, and digestive diseases. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cadmium, Environmental Exposure and Health Outcomes)
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Article
Estimation of Benchmark Dose of Cumulative Cadmium Exposure for Renal Tubular Effect
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5177; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105177 - 13 May 2021
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Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL), the lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL) and the benchmark dose low (BMDL) of cadmium exposure by re-evaluation of the dose–response relationship between cumulative cadmium exposure and [...] Read more.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL), the lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL) and the benchmark dose low (BMDL) of cadmium exposure by re-evaluation of the dose–response relationship between cumulative cadmium exposure and renal tubular damage reported previously. Methods: The participants were workers (326 men and 114 women) employed for at least three months between 1931 and 1982. Blood cadmium (Cd-B) and air cadmium (Cd-A) were collected at regular intervals with urinary β2-microglobulin as the tubular effect marker. Cumulative Cd-A and Cd-B were estimated by multiplying concentration and working period. The BMDL was calculated using Benchmark Dose Software (version 3.1.2). The benchmark response (BMR) was set at 5% or 10%. Results: By logistic regression, the NOAEL of mean cumulative Cd-B was 7122 months nmol/L. The LOAEL of cumulative Cd-A and least-squares cumulative Cd-B was 691 yrs μg/m3 and 8586 months nmol/L, respectively. Among various models for dose–response relationships, a probit model was adopted as the best fitting model. The obtained BMDLs of cumulative Cd-A were 272.3 yrs µg/m3 (BMR5%) and 707.5 yrs µg/m3 (BMR10%). The BMDLs of mean cumulative Cd-B were 3967.2 months nmol/L (BMR5%) and 7798.1 months nmol/L (BMR10%). The BMDLs of least-squares cumulative Cd-B were 3588.6 months nmol/L (BMR5%) and 8616.3 months nmol/L (BMR10%). Assuming a working period of 40 years, the BMDLs for BMR10% corresponded to 17.7 µg/m3 (Cd-A) and 1.8~2.0 µg/L (Cd-B). Discussion: This study provides new valuable information to enhance the reliability of limit values and thereby make a significant contribution to preventing the health effects of Cd in exposed workers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cadmium, Environmental Exposure and Health Outcomes)
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