energies-logo

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Board Members’ Collection Series: Clean Coal Extraction and Using

A topical collection in Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This collection belongs to the section "H: Geo-Energy".

Viewed by 6658

Editors


E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
Department of Power Engineering National Research, Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
Interests: energy; fuels; ignition; combustion chemistry; environmental performance; gas emissions; waste-derived fuels; coal–water slurry; waste to energy; thermal engineering; mathematical modeling; heat and mass transfer
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
Institute of Innovation, Science and Sustainability, Federation University Australia, Ballarat, VIC 3350, Australia
Interests: rock mechanics; rock blasting; geomechanics; soft computing
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

Every year, coal energy receives new impetus for development around the world, and the availability of solid fuels plays a decisive role. The key problems of coal energy include high concentrations of anthropogenic emissions during transportation and combustion and low efficiency of power plants. This Topical Collection invites papers with new scientific results in the field of improving the environmental indicators of mining, transport, processing and combustion of coal. Each of the stages of work with solid fuels are extremely important in terms of environmental indicators.

Prof. Dr. Pavel A. Strizhak
Dr. Manoj Khandelwal
Collection Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

 
 

Keywords

  • coal energy
  • green mining
  • clean coal technology
  • clean and low carbon
  • intelligent mining
  • coal mine transportation

Published Papers (5 papers)

2024

Jump to: 2023, 2022

17 pages, 3190 KiB  
Article
Analysis of the Impact of Clean Coal Technologies on the Share of Coal in Poland’s Energy Mix
by Aurelia Rybak, Aleksandra Rybak, Jarosław Joostberens, Joachim Pielot and Piotr Toś
Energies 2024, 17(6), 1394; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17061394 - 14 Mar 2024
Viewed by 420
Abstract
This article presents research results on the share of coal in the energy mix and the impact of clean coal technologies on Poland’s energy mix. Two mathematical models were utilised: the Boltzmann sigmoidal curve and a supervised machine learning model that employs multiple [...] Read more.
This article presents research results on the share of coal in the energy mix and the impact of clean coal technologies on Poland’s energy mix. Two mathematical models were utilised: the Boltzmann sigmoidal curve and a supervised machine learning model that employs multiple regressions. Eight explanatory variables were incorporated into the model, the influence of which on the explained variable was confirmed by Student’s t-test. The constructed models were verified using ex post errors and the Durbin–Watson and Shapiro–Wilk statistical tests. It was observed that the share of coal in the mix decreased more dynamically after 2015 compared to previous years. Furthermore, a simulation was conducted using the machine learning model, which confirmed the hypothesis on the influence of clean coal technologies on the level of coal share in the Poland energy production structure. As shown by the analysis and simulation, coal could be maintained in the energy mixes of EU countries, and even if the negative aspects of using this fuel were limited—primarily the emission of harmful substances—its share could even increase. It was noted that this share could be higher by 22% assuming a return to the interest in CCT levels from before 2015 and the reduction in CO2 emissions using membrane techniques proposed by the authors. Clean coal technologies would enable diversification of the energy mix, which is an important aspect of energy security. They would also enable the gradual introduction of renewable energy sources or other energy sources, which would facilitate the transition stage on the way to a sustainable energy mix. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

18 pages, 2490 KiB  
Article
A Prototype Reactor Promoting the Hg(0) Capture in the Simulated Flue Gas from Small-Scale Boilers by Using Copper Oxide- and Copper Sulfide-Coated Teflon Pipes
by Yinyou Deng, Jerzy Górecki, Katarzyna Szramowiat-Sala and Mariusz Macherzynski
Energies 2024, 17(5), 1236; https://doi.org/10.3390/en17051236 - 05 Mar 2024
Viewed by 434
Abstract
In this study, we designed a prototype reactor, the multiple pipes reactor (MPR), for Hg(0) capture, which can be applied in small-scale boilers. It was tested on a laboratory scale by comparing it with a fixed-bed type, the vertical glass reactor (VGR). In [...] Read more.
In this study, we designed a prototype reactor, the multiple pipes reactor (MPR), for Hg(0) capture, which can be applied in small-scale boilers. It was tested on a laboratory scale by comparing it with a fixed-bed type, the vertical glass reactor (VGR). In total, 200 mg of CuO and CuS was applied as sorbent materials to reduce the concentration of Hg(0) from the simulated flue gas, in both VGR and MPR reactors. The mercury capture measurements were performed in the same laboratory system at 125 °C and a flow rate of 54 L/h. The contact time between the sorbents and simulated flue gas in the VGR was 0.035 s for both materials. In the case of the MPR, it was 0.44 s (CuO coating) and 0.63 s (CuS coating), depending on the coating area. The contact area inside the VGR was 5.31 cm2, contrasting with the values of 13.19 cm2 (CuO coating) and 18.84 cm2 (CuS coating) in the MPRs. The average Hg(0) capture effectiveness of CuO (granulate) and CuS (granulate) was 51% and 67% in VGR, respectively. The MPR with CuO- and CuS-coating Teflon (PTFE) pipes promoted an average Hg(0) capture effectiveness reaching 65 (by 268%) and 94% (by 158%), respectively. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

2023

Jump to: 2024, 2022

17 pages, 2695 KiB  
Article
Combustion Characteristics of Coal-Water Slurry Droplets in High-Temperature Air with the Addition of Syngas
by Maxim Belonogov, Vadim Dorokhov, Dmitrii Glushkov, Daria Kuznechenkova and Daniil Romanov
Energies 2023, 16(8), 3304; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16083304 - 07 Apr 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1370
Abstract
An experimental study of the ignition and combustion processes of coal-water slurry (CWS) droplets based on coal enrichment waste in a high-temperature oxidizer at 650–850 °C with a syngas addition was carried out. The fuel slurry was a mixture of finely dispersed solid [...] Read more.
An experimental study of the ignition and combustion processes of coal-water slurry (CWS) droplets based on coal enrichment waste in a high-temperature oxidizer at 650–850 °C with a syngas addition was carried out. The fuel slurry was a mixture of finely dispersed solid combustible particles (coal sludge, 10–100 µm in size) and water. The syngas was a product of biomass pyrolysis and two waste-derived fuels in a laboratory gasifier. Composition of the syngas was controlled by a precision analytical gas analyzer. The feasibility of co-firing CWS with syngas was experimentally established. Under such conditions, the CWS droplets ignition process was intensified by 15–40%, compared to fuel combustion without the addition of syngas to the combustion chamber. The greatest positive effect was achieved by adding the gas obtained during the biomass pyrolysis. The ignition delay times of CWS droplets are 5.2–12.5 s versus 6.1–20.4 s (lower by 15–39%) when ignited in a high-temperature medium without adding syngas to the combustion chamber. Based on the results obtained, a concept for the practical implementation of the CWS combustion technology in a syngas-modified oxidizer medium is proposed. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

27 pages, 8835 KiB  
Article
Secondary Atomization of Fuel Oil and Fuel Oil/Water Emulsion through Droplet-Droplet Collisions and Impingement on a Solid Wall
by Anastasia Islamova, Pavel Tkachenko, Nikita Shlegel and Genii Kuznetsov
Energies 2023, 16(2), 1008; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16021008 - 16 Jan 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1856
Abstract
This paper presents findings from an experimental study investigating the secondary atomization of liquid fuel droplets widely used in the heat and power industry exemplified by fuel oil and environmentally promising fuel oil/water emulsion. The scientific novelty comes from the comparative analysis of [...] Read more.
This paper presents findings from an experimental study investigating the secondary atomization of liquid fuel droplets widely used in the heat and power industry exemplified by fuel oil and environmentally promising fuel oil/water emulsion. The scientific novelty comes from the comparative analysis of the critical conditions and integral characteristics of the secondary atomization of the liquid and composite fuels with the greatest potential for power plants. Here, we used two fuel atomization schemes: droplet–droplet collisions in a gas and droplets impinging on a heated solid wall. The temperature of the liquids under study was 80 °C. The velocities before collision ranged from 0.1 m/s to 7 m/s, while the initial droplet sizes varied from 0.3 mm to 2.7 mm. A copper substrate served as a solid wall; its temperature was varied from 20 °C to 300 °C. The main characteristics of droplet interaction were recorded by a high-speed camera. Regime maps were constructed using the experimental findings. It was established that the critical Weber number was several times lower when water and fuel oil droplets collided than during the collision of fuel oil droplets with 10 vol% of water. The secondary atomization of fuel oil/water emulsion droplets by their impingement on a heated solid wall was found to reduce the typical sizes of liquid fragments by a factor of 40–50. As shown in the paper, even highly viscous fuels can be effectively sprayed using primary and secondary droplet atomization schemes. It was established that the optimal temperature of the fuel oil to be supplied to the droplet collision zone is 80 °C, while the optimal substrate temperature for the atomization of fuel oil/water emulsion droplets approximates 300 °C. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

2022

Jump to: 2024, 2023

23 pages, 6573 KiB  
Article
Pool Fire Suppression Using CO2 Hydrate
by Olga Gaidukova, Sergey Misyura, Igor Donskoy, Vladimir Morozov and Roman Volkov
Energies 2022, 15(24), 9585; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15249585 - 16 Dec 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 1792
Abstract
This paper presents experimental findings on heat and mass transfer, phase transitions, and chemical reactions during the interaction of CO2 hydrate in powder granules and tablets with burning liquid fuels and oil. The experiments involved CO2 hydrate tablets and spheres made [...] Read more.
This paper presents experimental findings on heat and mass transfer, phase transitions, and chemical reactions during the interaction of CO2 hydrate in powder granules and tablets with burning liquid fuels and oil. The experiments involved CO2 hydrate tablets and spheres made of pressed granules. The fire containment and suppression times were established experimentally. Using the gas analysis data, we studied the effects of the mitigation of anthropogenic emissions from the combustion of liquids and their suppression by gas hydrates. We also compared the performance of water aerosol, foaming agent emulsion, snow, ice, and CO2 hydrate samples as laboratory-scale fire suppressants. The paper further describes the numerical modeling of the CO2 hydrate dissociation during liquid fuel combustion. The rapid carbon dioxide release is shown to prevent the oxidizer from the combustion zone. The suppression of a flame using powder with a granule size of 3 mm requires 20-times less carbon dioxide hydrate than in the case of pressed tablets. Effective conditions are identified for using CO2 hydrates to extinguish fires involving flammable liquids and most common fuels. Full article
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

Back to TopTop