Special Issue "Molecular Characterization of Fungi"

A special issue of Biology (ISSN 2079-7737). This special issue belongs to the section "Ecology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2022 | Viewed by 3638

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Pablo Alvarado
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Alvalab, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
Interests: mycology; phylogeny; barcoding; biodiversity; taxonomy
Prof. Dr. María P. Martín
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid E-28014, Spain
Interests: mycology; gasteroid fungi; phylogeny; molecular analyses; barcoding

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The increasing complexity of the species concept, as well as the particularities of the speciation process and evolution in fungi demand the integration of genetic analysis and phenotype-based studies to build an accurate taxonomy. While genetic barcoding and database-guided identifications provide a useful automated approach to classify samples from diverse sources, weighting changes in variability through phylogenetic analysis is necessary to infer reproductive isolation processes between closely related lineages and estimate divergence times of the supraspecific ranks. The amount of information analyzed and its quality are critical to provide reliable conclusions. Integrative taxonomy complements the informativeness and computability of genetic sequences with phenotype data obtained from morphology, ecology and biogeography, in order to evidence ongoing evolutionary trends and provide optimal tools for taxonomic decisions.

This Special Issue welcomes original manuscripts integrating genetic studies and phenotype data to resolve the phylogenetic status of fungal taxa, as well as research focusing on methodological aspects of integrative taxonomy.

Dr. Pablo Alvarado
Prof. Dr. María P. Martín
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • mycology
  • phylogeny
  • barcoding
  • biodiversity
  • taxonomy

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Amanita Section Phalloideae Species in the Mediterranean Basin: Destroying Angels Reviewed
Biology 2022, 11(5), 770; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology11050770 - 18 May 2022
Viewed by 1006
Abstract
In Europe, amatoxin-containing mushrooms are responsible for most of the deadly poisonings caused by macrofungi. The present work presents a multidisciplinary revision of the European species of Amanita sect. Phalloideae based on morphology, phylogeny, epidemiology, and biochemistry of amatoxins and phallotoxins. Five distinct [...] Read more.
In Europe, amatoxin-containing mushrooms are responsible for most of the deadly poisonings caused by macrofungi. The present work presents a multidisciplinary revision of the European species of Amanita sect. Phalloideae based on morphology, phylogeny, epidemiology, and biochemistry of amatoxins and phallotoxins. Five distinct species of this section have been identified in Europe to date: A. phalloides, A. virosa, A. verna, the recently introduced North American species A. amerivirosa, and A. vidua sp. nov., which is a new name proposed for the KOH-negative Mediterranean species previously described as A. verna or A. decipiens by various authors. Epitypes or neotypes are selected for species lacking suitable reference collections, namely A. verna and A. virosa. Three additional taxa, Amanita decipiens, A. porrinensis, and A. virosa var. levipes are here considered later heterotypic synonyms of A. verna, A. phalloides, and A. amerivirosa, respectively. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Characterization of Fungi)
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Article
Twelve New Taxa of Xylaria Associated with Termite Nests and Soil from Northeast Thailand
Biology 2021, 10(7), 575; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10070575 - 23 Jun 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1971
Abstract
The diversity of Xylaria species associated with termite nests in northeast Thailand was investigated. Among the 14 taxa included in this study, 11 species and one variety were described as new, and another two species resemble the existing taxa, X. escharoidea and X. [...] Read more.
The diversity of Xylaria species associated with termite nests in northeast Thailand was investigated. Among the 14 taxa included in this study, 11 species and one variety were described as new, and another two species resemble the existing taxa, X. escharoidea and X. nigripes. The newly described taxa are X. chaiyaphumensis, X. conica, X. fulvescens, X. ischnostroma, X. margaretae, X. minima, X. reinkingii var. microspora, X. siamensis, X. sihanonthii, X. subintraflava, X. thienhirunae, and X. vinacea. Their morphological and cultural characteristics are described and illustrated, and their ITS, α-actin and β-tubulin sequences were analysed. A dichotomous key to the 17 species of Xylaria occurring in Thailand is provided. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Characterization of Fungi)
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