Special Issue "Beverage Packaging"

A special issue of Beverages (ISSN 2306-5710).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2015).

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Frank Welle
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging IVV, Department Product Safety and Analytics, Freising, Germany
Interests: food contact materials: migration testing; permeation testing and diffusion and modelling; diffusion of substances in polymers; non-intentionally added substances (NIAS); functional barrier testing
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

From a packaging point of view, beverages are one of the most interesting food categories. Beverage packaging includes nearly all kinds of materials: glass, PET, cardboard, metal cans, and polymer films for pouches. Take away beverage packaging were made of polystyrene, polypropylene or coated cardboard, as well as from renewable resources. Closures of bottles and pouches were made of polyolefins, as well as from metal with polymer inlays. Beverage packaging may be refillable or non-refillable. Some are manufactured via post-consumer recyclables. Beverage packaging is also an interesting field for active and intelligent packaging materials. For example, active oxygen scavengers are already introduced for sensitive beverages like juices or beer.

No other food category has such a wide variety of packaging materials. This makes beverage packaging an interesting research field with a high potential for new packaging innovations.

  • This Special Issue includes the following topics of beverage packaging:
  • Beverage packaging materials
  • Filling technology
  • Active and intelligent packaging
  • Renewable resources and recycling
  • Sensory properties of packed beverages
  • Food law compliance testing

Dr. Frank Welle
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Beverages is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
Perceptions of Sustainability and Functional Aspects on Liquid Carton Board Packaging Materials versus Competing Materials for Juice Applications in Sweden
Beverages 2015, 1(3), 194-203; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages1030194 - 31 Aug 2015
Abstract
This research explores the downstream perceptions of liquid carton board versus competing materials in packaging applications for juice. The methodology used is focus groups. The context is sustainability and functional performance, and related potential implications for the beverage industry value chain. The purpose [...] Read more.
This research explores the downstream perceptions of liquid carton board versus competing materials in packaging applications for juice. The methodology used is focus groups. The context is sustainability and functional performance, and related potential implications for the beverage industry value chain. The purpose is to get a deeper insight and understanding of functionality in relation to juice beverage packaging. The results confirm that there is no optimal packaging for every juice product, but a multitude, depending on the distribution channel, retail outlet, customer preferences, and context of consumption. There are some general packaging preferences, but the main deciding criteria for purchase seem to be the product characteristics in terms of quality, taste, brand, price and shelf life. For marketing reasons, packaging has to be adopted to the product and its positioning, liquid carton board packaging seem to have some functional advantages in distribution and is considered as sustainable and functional among many consumers. Major drawbacks seem to be shape limitations, lack of transparency, and lack of a “premium look”. To improve packaging performance and avoid sub-optimization, actors in the beverage industry value chain need to be integrated in development processes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beverage Packaging)
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Open AccessArticle
Aluminum Laminates in Beverage Packaging: Models and Experiences
Beverages 2015, 1(3), 183-193; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages1030183 - 07 Aug 2015
Cited by 6
Abstract
Aluminum laminates are among the main components of beverage packaging. These layered material systems are coupled to paperboard plies except in the cap opening area, where the human force limit sets a requirement on the material properties to allow open-ability and the mechanical [...] Read more.
Aluminum laminates are among the main components of beverage packaging. These layered material systems are coupled to paperboard plies except in the cap opening area, where the human force limit sets a requirement on the material properties to allow open-ability and the mechanical characteristics are of particular interest. Experimental investigations have been carried out on this composite and on its components by either traditional or full-field measurement techniques. The interpretation of the collected data has been supported by the simulation of the performed tests considering either a homogenized material model or the individual laminate layers. However, different results may be recovered from similar samples due to physical factors like the material processing route and the embedded defectiveness. In turn, the conclusions may vary depending on the model assumptions. This contribution focuses on the physical effects and on the modeling of the large localized deformation induced by material singularities. This topic is discussed at the light of some experimental results. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beverage Packaging)
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Open AccessArticle
Study of the Migration of Three Model Substances from Low Density Polyethylene into Food Simulant and Fruit Juices
Beverages 2015, 1(3), 159-168; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages1030159 - 04 Aug 2015
Cited by 1
Abstract
In the present work, the migration of three chemicals, benzophenone, 1,4-diphenylbutadiene and Uvitex® OB from low-density polyethylene samples into the food simulant, 50% ethanol (v/v), was studied. The key parameters of the diffusion process, the partition and diffusion coefficients, were calculated by [...] Read more.
In the present work, the migration of three chemicals, benzophenone, 1,4-diphenylbutadiene and Uvitex® OB from low-density polyethylene samples into the food simulant, 50% ethanol (v/v), was studied. The key parameters of the diffusion process, the partition and diffusion coefficients, were calculated by using a mathematical model based on Fick’s Second Law. As expected, the diffusion coefficients increased with temperature and the values obtained ranged between 3.87 × 10−11 and 1.00 × 10−8 cm2/s. Furthermore, the migration in different fruit juices was also evaluated and the results indicated that benzophenone migrated to a greater extent in comparison with the other two migrants in all beverages analyzed. To quantify the migrants, a high-performance liquid chromatographic method with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) was used. The separation was performed on an Ace 3 C18-HL column (30 × 3 mm, 3 μm particle size) and using a gradient elution system consisting of Milli-Q water and acetonitrile. The total analysis time did not exceed 8 min. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beverage Packaging)
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Open AccessArticle
The Impact of Flexographic and Digital Printing of Fruit Drinks on Consumer Attention at the Point of Sale
Beverages 2015, 1(3), 149-158; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages1030149 - 24 Jul 2015
Abstract
Package labels play a critical role in communicating product benefits to consumers. On a package, labels are used to provide useful information about the product as well branding for the company. Labels need to not only be eye catching to the consumer, but [...] Read more.
Package labels play a critical role in communicating product benefits to consumers. On a package, labels are used to provide useful information about the product as well branding for the company. Labels need to not only be eye catching to the consumer, but must also communicate information concerning what is being sold. This is possible through various printing technologies available in today’s market. With technology steadily advancing, companies need to determine an optimal print method for packaging that satisfies budgetary, environmental, demand and consumer requirements. Through the collection of quantitative data, consumer attention and purchase preference were evaluated. Two different printing methods (digital and flexographic) were tested on fruit drink labels. A total of 248 participants completed this study, which took place at Pack Expo 2014 in Chicago, Illinois. Three eye tracking metrics were evaluated using eye tracking technology to investigate if the different printing methods had an effect on the consumer when shopping. Statistical analysis yielded no significant difference for participant’s attention when shopping for fruit drinks with digital or flexographic labels. It was also concluded that the position on the shelf made no significant difference for either label type. This study illustrates that consumers cannot significantly determine a difference between the two printing methods tested. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beverage Packaging)
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Review

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Open AccessReview
New Trends in Beverage Packaging Systems: A Review
Beverages 2015, 1(4), 248-272; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages1040248 - 08 Oct 2015
Cited by 16
Abstract
New trends in beverage packaging are focusing on the structure modification of packaging materials and the development of new active and/or intelligent systems, which can interact with the product or its environment, improving the conservation of beverages, such as wine, juice or beer, [...] Read more.
New trends in beverage packaging are focusing on the structure modification of packaging materials and the development of new active and/or intelligent systems, which can interact with the product or its environment, improving the conservation of beverages, such as wine, juice or beer, customer acceptability, and food security. In this paper, the main nutritional and organoleptic degradation processes of beverages, such as oxidative degradation or changes in the aromatic profiles, which influence their color and volatile composition are summarized. Finally, the description of the current situation of beverage packaging materials and new possible, emerging strategies to overcome some of the pending issues are discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Beverage Packaging)
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