Special Issue "El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2018).
Interests: historical global weather data rescue; historical re-analyses; melding climate science with social sciences and the humanities; climatic variability and change; ENSO
This Special Issue aims to present an overview of our current understanding of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, its nature, and its relationship to other modes of natural variability and potential modulations under climate change. ENSO results from ocean–atmosphere interactions across the Indo–Pacific region, vacillating between two extremes, defined as El Niño and La Niña events, which occur irregularly at intervals of around 2–7 years, and vary in magnitude, duration, and evolution. Events typically last 12–18 months, but can evolve into protracted El Niño and La Niña episodes of multiple-year duration, with no two events or episodes exactly the same. Both El Niño and La Niña extremes can be near-global in their influence on world weather patterns via teleconnections which can extend to higher latitudes in both hemispheres. It is arguably the most globally impactful mode of the climate system.
Prof. Dr. Rob Allan
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
Climatic variability and change
Global climate modes