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Novel Ideas for Multi-Terminal HVDC Grid Protection and DC Circuit Breakers

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Science and Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (29 February 2024) | Viewed by 825

Special Issue Editors

Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Interests: electrical power engineering; HVDC transmission systems; HVDC grid protection; HVDC circuit breakers; power converters; renewable energy technologies; distributed generation

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Guest Editor
Center for Research on Microgrids, AAU Energy, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
Interests: microgrids; space power systems; psychobiology; brain networks
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Special Issue "Novel Ideas for Multiterminal HVDC Grid Protection and DC Circuit Breakers" seeks technical as well as scientific papers addressing protection schemes and circuit breakers for high-voltage DC transmission systems. In an era when fossil fuel reserves are depleting, along with energy demands increasing, renewable energy sources must be integrated into the grid. In addition, most future offshore wind farms will be far from load centers, so multiple DC connections will be necessary. Several studies have shown that a conventional HVAC transmission becomes infeasible beyond a certain distance when connecting renewable energy sources and load centers. Multiterminal HVDC (MT-HVDC) networks are expected to become more prevalent in the future, with DC faults considered to be a significant limitation. Identifying, classifying and locating DC faults within large networks and isolating faulty parts are challenging tasks. Moreover, HVDC circuit breakers are required to interrupt the abrupt rise in DC fault currents. Thus, flexible MT-HVDC grids require efficient protection schemes and effective HVDC circuit breakers. The following are potential topics included, but not limited to, in this Special Issue’s scope:

  • The contingency analysis, design and development of HVDC systems, including converter stations, DC–DC converters, semiconductor devices and transmission links;
  • Multiterminal HVDC transmission grid faults;
  • HVDC grid control and operation during faulty conditions;
  • Protection algorithms and relay modeling;
  • Hybrid HVDC grid faults and DC grid fault analysis;
  • Fault current limiters;
  • HVDC circuit breakers.

Dr. Ali Raza
Prof. Dr. Josep M. Guerrero
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • HVDC transmission network
  • HVDC grid protection
  • fault detection, classification and location
  • HVDC circuit breakers
  • fault ride through
  • fault current limiters
  • multiterminal HVDC grids
  • line-commutated converter (LCC)
  • voltage source converter (VSC)
  • modular multilevel converter (MMC)
  • DC fault analysis
  • cable and overhead transmission line protection

Published Papers

There is no accepted submissions to this special issue at this moment.
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