Special Issue "Protection of Biodiversity of Agricultural Soils"

A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Soil and Plant Nutrition".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 July 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Anna Gałązka
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Agriculture Microbiology, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation – State Research Institute, Czartoryskich 8, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland
Interests: the evaluation of microbial diversity of soils associated with agricultural practice and environmental protection (research in molecular biology; evaluation of genetic differentiation and identification of microorganisms and characterization of metabolic profile of bacteria and fungi)
Dr. Agnieszka Wolińska
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology and Biotechnology of Microorganisms Faculty of Science and Health, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Konstantynów 1 I Str., 20-708 Lublin, Poland
Interests: soil biodiversity; soil enzymatic and functional activities; soil metagenomes; NGS
Dr. Vanessa Alvarez Lopez
Website
Guest Editor
University of Santiago de Compostela, Department of Vegetal Production, Higher polytechnic school of Engineering. Rúa Benigno Ledo, s/n. 27002 Lugo, Spain
Interests: soil fertilisation regimes (based on the re-use of urban residues) and soil uses in the soil physicochemical properties and soil microbial communities (at medium and long-term)

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Over the recent decades, the world has seen a growing global energy deficit. The growing costs of agricultural production and the need to protect the environment create the necessity of using farming systems with reduced frequency and intensity of the treatments. Such tillage system should produce a low amount of carbon, thus being compatible with the assumptions of organic management systems, sustainable farming, and soil biodiversity protection. In modern agriculture, tillage has to meet many conditions to protect the soil and improve its parameters. First and foremost, it is important to reduce the losses of soil organic matter, to improve the soil structure. As a result of the use of intensive cultivation methods in many regions, soil fertility is characterized by, among other things, the reduction of biodiversity and the accumulation of harmful microorganisms and plant pathogens as well as pesticides and their derivatives in soils. It can be assumed that these phenomena will intensify as a result of dynamic climate changes, i.e., temperature increase and reduction of rainfall during the growing season. Therefore, in order to better deliver nutrients to plants and create the right conditions for their growth and development, it is important to maintain high activity and biodiversity of beneficial soil microorganisms in soil, and to introduce the rational biology of agriculture. The main aims of this Special Issue will be: 1. The evaluation of the biodiversity of agricultural soil as a foundation for environmental protection, improvement of plant yields and soil quality in the aspect of plant adaptation to climate change. 2. The optimization of processes leading to the protection of soil biodiversity in plant cultivation with particular emphasis on innovative solutions and biological yielding agents. 3. Intensification of activities leading to the formation of natural biological processes increasing environmental biodiversity, adaptation of microorganisms to climate change, plant and soil protection against the background of the concept of sustainable development of agriculture. Soil microorganisms are a highly diverse group of living organisms in terms of genomic and phenotypic characteristics. Biodiversity is a crucial step towards finding new microorganisms important features. Microorganisms play an important role in the ecosystem of the soil and participate, among other items, in maintaining soil structure, humification, release of organic compounds, disposal of pollutants but also in the processes of transformation of organic matter. The competent state of soil microorganism communities, which consist of appropriate amounts, activity, and diversity, is a necessary condition for functioning of a highly complex system such as soil. In this issue, special attention will be paid to the importance of the biodiversity of soil microorganisms and their contribution to the improvement of soil quality and fertility. The role of microorganisms in the creation of a proper soil structure, in the circulation of elements, humus formation, production of substances stimulating plant growth, detoxification and bioremediation of harmful compounds will be presented. Due to such large diversity, it is important to find the appropriate methods which would provide the highest degree of microbial diversification. Genetic techniques are the tools which allow the analysis of the genetic variability of microorganisms. This technique allows multiplying specific sequences, usually corresponding to the fragments of the sequence of genomic DNA. Hence, undoubtedly an important aspect of the research is the selection and development of indicators to evaluate biodiversity microorganisms of soil and plants. This issue is meant to increase knowledge about the protection of natural resources, which are soils used for agricultural purposes. Intensive farming conducted for many years has brought many negative effects on the quality of cultivated soils; therefore, it is necessary to undertake some activities to improve them and to intensify the protection of soil resources. This issue will present selected molecular methods used for the diversification of microorganisms in soil and other environments.

Prof. Dr. Anna Gałązka
Dr. Agnieszka Wolińska
Dr. Vanessa Alvarez Lopez
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Soil biodiversity
  • agricultural soil
  • metagenomics
  • soil microorganisms
  • tillage systems
  • cultivation of plants

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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