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Sinusitis, Volume 4, Issue 1 (December 2020) – 3 articles

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Open AccessArticle
Association between Maxillary Posterior Teeth Periapical Odontogenic Lesions and Maxillary Sinus Mucosal Thickening: A 3D Volumetric Computed Tomography Analysis
Sinusitis 2020, 4(1), 8-20; https://doi.org/10.3390/sinusitis4010003 - 02 Dec 2020
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Abstract
Background: The detailed relationship between apical periodontitis and maxillary sinus mucosal thickening is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maxillary posterior teeth periapical odontogenic lesions and maxillary sinus mucosal (MSM) thickening by using volumetric 3D CT [...] Read more.
Background: The detailed relationship between apical periodontitis and maxillary sinus mucosal thickening is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maxillary posterior teeth periapical odontogenic lesions and maxillary sinus mucosal (MSM) thickening by using volumetric 3D CT analysis. Methods: A total of 83 subjects with apical periodontitis around maxillary posterior teeth and maxillary sinus mucosal thickening were selected. 3D models of maxillary sinus mucosa and apical lesions were reconstructed from CT, and their volume, mean diameter were calculated. Results: Mean MSM thickening was 8.81 ± 12.59 mm with an average volume of 5092.58 ± 7435.38 mm3. Men had higher MSM thickening than women. Mean diameter of apical lesion was 5.94 ± 2.68 mm; average volume was 200.5 ± 197.29 mm3. Mean distance between MSM and apical lesion was 1.83 ± 2.07 mm. Mucosal volume was the highest in the S1 and D1 configuration and the lowest in R3. Reducing the distance between apical lesion and MSM by each millimetre, the volume of MSM increases by 759.99 mm3. Conclusions: Volumetric CT analysis is a circumstantial method to evaluate the association between maxillary posterior teeth apical periodontitis and MSM thickening. This relationship is not related to the size of the apical lesion but depends on their anatomical position and the distance from the maxillary sinus mucosa. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical Research in Chronic Rhinosinusitis)
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Open AccessReview
Pediatric Chronic Rhinosinusitis: Unmet Needs
Sinusitis 2020, 4(1), 2-7; https://doi.org/10.3390/sinusitis4010002 - 10 Jun 2020
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Abstract
Pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) remains an elusive diagnostic medical condition, largely based on imperfect diagnostic criteria, lack of controlled studies of therapy, lack of measure for resolution, and lack of information of pediatric sinus microbiome dysbiosis. The true prevalence of pediatric CRS is [...] Read more.
Pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) remains an elusive diagnostic medical condition, largely based on imperfect diagnostic criteria, lack of controlled studies of therapy, lack of measure for resolution, and lack of information of pediatric sinus microbiome dysbiosis. The true prevalence of pediatric CRS is unknown, and symptoms often over-lap with other diagnoses. We review the unmet needs in pediatric CRS, to highlight potential research opportunities to improve understanding and therapy of the disease process. Full article
Open AccessEditorial
Sinusitis to Relaunch
Sinusitis 2020, 4(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/sinusitis4010001 - 20 Dec 2019
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Abstract
Since its inception in 2016 Sinusitis has published 25 articles on the topic of rhinitis, rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, surgery in diseases of the upper airways, and new techniques and methods to investigate and treat upper airways disease [...] Full article
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