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Machining Forces Due to Turning of Bimetallic Objects Made of Aluminum, Titanium, Cast Iron, and Mild/Stainless Steel

Faculty of Engineering, Kitami Institute of Technology, Kitami 090-8507, Japan
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2(4), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp2040068
Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 10 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anniversary Feature Papers)
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Abstract

This article elucidates the characteristics of machining forces (an important phenomenon by which machining is studied) using three sets of bimetallic specimens made of aluminum–titanium, aluminum–cast iron, and stainless steel–mild steel. The cutting, feed, and thrust forces were recorded for different cutting conditions (i.e., different cutting speeds, feeds, and cutting directions). Possibility distributions were used to quantify the uncertainty associated with machining forces, which were helpful in identifying the optimal machining direction. In synopsis, it was found that while machining the steel-based bimetallic specimens, keeping a low feed and high cutting speed is the better option, and the machining operation can be performed in both the hard-to-soft and soft-to-hard material directions, but machining in the soft-to-hard material direction is the better option. On the other hand, very soft materials should not be used in fabricating a bimetallic part because it creates machining problems. Cutting power was estimated using the cutting and feed force signals. Manufacturers who support sustainable product development (including design, manufacturing, and assembly) can benefit from the outcomes of this study because parts/products made of dissimilar materials (or multi-material objects) are better than their mono-material counterparts in terms of sustainability (cost, weight, and CO2 footprint). View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; bimetallic object; cutting force; uncertainty; machining power sustainability; bimetallic object; cutting force; uncertainty; machining power
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Ullah, A.S. Machining Forces Due to Turning of Bimetallic Objects Made of Aluminum, Titanium, Cast Iron, and Mild/Stainless Steel. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2, 68.

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