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Training Working Memory of Children with and without Dyslexia
Open AccessArticle

Cognitive Processes Underlying Reading Improvement during a Rhythm-Based Intervention. A Small-Scale Investigation of Italian Children with Dyslexia

Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, 20123 Milan, Italy
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Children 2019, 6(8), 91; https://doi.org/10.3390/children6080091
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 23 July 2019 / Accepted: 6 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
Music and rhythm-based training programs to improve reading are a novel approach to treatment of developmental dyslexia and have attracted the attention of trainers and researchers. Experimental studies demonstrating poor basic auditory processing abilities in individuals with dyslexia suggest they should be effective. On this basis, the efficacy of a novel rhythm-based intervention, Rhythmic Reading Training (RRT), was recently investigated and found to improve reading skills in Italian children with dyslexia, but its mode of action remains somewhat unclear. In this study, 19 children and preadolescents with dyslexia received 20 sessions of RRT over 10 weeks. Gains in a set of reading-related cognitive abilities—verbal working memory, auditory, and visual attention, and rhythm processing—were measured, along with reading outcomes. Analysis of the specific contribution of cognitive subprocesses to the primary effect of RRT highlighted that reading speed improvement during the intervention was related to rhythm and auditory discrimination abilities as well as verbal working memory. The relationships among specific reading parameters and the neuropsychological profile of participants are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: reading; developmental dyslexia; rhythm; intervention; working memory; attention reading; developmental dyslexia; rhythm; intervention; working memory; attention
MDPI and ACS Style

Cancer, A.; Stievano, G.; Pace, G.; Colombo, A.; Antonietti, A. Cognitive Processes Underlying Reading Improvement during a Rhythm-Based Intervention. A Small-Scale Investigation of Italian Children with Dyslexia. Children 2019, 6, 91.

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