Microwave Assisted Preparation of Flame Resistant Cotton Using Economic Inorganic Materials
AbstractInnovative approaches for preparing flame retardant cotton fabrics were employed by utilizing a microwave-assisted technique with a minimum amount of co-solvent. Our attempts at flame retardant cotton fabrics treated with low cost inorganic formulations, such as urea and diammonium phosphate, were done successfully. The evidence of flame retardant chemical penetrations or surface modification of cotton fabrics was confirmed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the treated cotton fabrics were evaluated by flammability tests, such as 45° angle (clothing textiles test), vertical flame (clothing textile test) and limiting oxygen index (LOI). For formulations with urea only, LOI values of treated fabrics were 21.0–22.0% after add-on values for the formulation were 5.16–18.22%. For formulations comprising urea with diammonium phosphate, LOI values were greater than 29.0% after add-on values for the formulation were 1.85–7.73%. With the formulation comprising urea and diammonium phosphate, all treated fabrics passed the vertical flame test for add-on values 5.34–7.73%. Their char lengths were less than half the length of the original fabric and after-flame and after-glow times were less than 3.2 s. Additional thermal properties of desired products will be discussed using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and microscale combustion calorimeter (MCC). View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Chang, S.; Condon, B.; Smith, J. Microwave Assisted Preparation of Flame Resistant Cotton Using Economic Inorganic Materials. Fibers 2018, 6, 85.
Chang S, Condon B, Smith J. Microwave Assisted Preparation of Flame Resistant Cotton Using Economic Inorganic Materials. Fibers. 2018; 6(4):85.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chang, SeChin; Condon, Brian; Smith, Jade. 2018. "Microwave Assisted Preparation of Flame Resistant Cotton Using Economic Inorganic Materials." Fibers 6, no. 4: 85.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.