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Article

Model of Determining the Optimal, Green Transport Route among Alternatives: Data Envelopment Analysis Settings

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Department for Maritime Management Technologies, Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Split, Ruđera Boškovića 37, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Department of Maritime and Transportation Technology, Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska 2, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
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Department of Energy Technologies and Renewable Energy Sources, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Rome, Italy
4
Adria Polymers d.o.o., Poje 1, 51513 Omišalj, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(10), 735; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100735
Received: 20 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maritime Transport and Its Impact on Regional Economic Development)
Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a useful method for determining relative efficiency in many types of businesses, including the transport sector. In line with the European Union’s (EU) policy of sustainable development of transport, external costs become the competitiveness factor of the transport route valorization. Presenting specific DEA settings, the paper aims to show and test a developed model for determining the optimal transport route among alternatives towards the same destination where external cost as a socio-ecological factor is included in DEA, along with transport cost (quantitative factor) and transport time (qualitative factor). In order to adhere to the principles of the least possible energy consumption, the given distance that also included in DEA settings represents the shortest route between the starting point and destination, as a unique and constant output variable. Therefore, the optimal direction selected by the DEA stands for the green route. The capabilities of the DEA, set up in this way within the broader model, are demonstrated in the practical case. View Full-Text
Keywords: DEA; decision-maker; green logistics; sustainable transport; transport route DEA; decision-maker; green logistics; sustainable transport; transport route
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vukić, L.; Poletan Jugović, T.; Guidi, G.; Oblak, R. Model of Determining the Optimal, Green Transport Route among Alternatives: Data Envelopment Analysis Settings. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 735. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100735

AMA Style

Vukić L, Poletan Jugović T, Guidi G, Oblak R. Model of Determining the Optimal, Green Transport Route among Alternatives: Data Envelopment Analysis Settings. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(10):735. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100735

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vukić, Luka, Tanja Poletan Jugović, Giambattista Guidi, and Renato Oblak. 2020. "Model of Determining the Optimal, Green Transport Route among Alternatives: Data Envelopment Analysis Settings" Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 8, no. 10: 735. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100735

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