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Diagnostics 2017, 7(2), 28;

New Diagnostic and Treatment Modalities for Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Heart and Vascular Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical Centers, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas Kjaer
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 7 May 2017 / Accepted: 24 May 2017 / Published: 27 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Treatment of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome)
Full-Text   |   PDF [209 KB, uploaded 27 May 2017]


Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome is a widely recognized, yet controversial, syndrome. The lack of specific objective diagnostic modalities makes diagnosis difficult. This is compounded by a lack of agreed upon definitive criteria to confirm diagnosis. Recent efforts have been made to more clearly define a set of diagnostic criteria that will bring consistency to the diagnosis of neurogenic thoracic syndrome. Additionally, advancements have been made in the quality and techniques of various imaging modalities that may aid in providing more accurate diagnoses. Surgical decompression remains the mainstay of operative treatment; and minimally invasive techniques are currently in development to further minimize the risks of this procedure. Medical management continues to be refined to provide non-operative treatment modalities for certain patients, as well. The aim of the present work is to review these updates in the diagnosis and treatment of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. View Full-Text
Keywords: neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome; brachial plexus compression; brachial plexopathy neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome; brachial plexus compression; brachial plexopathy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Weaver, M.L.; Lum, Y.W. New Diagnostic and Treatment Modalities for Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Diagnostics 2017, 7, 28.

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