Next Article in Journal
Discontinuities in the Ozone Concentration Time Series from MERRA 2 Reanalysis
Next Article in Special Issue
Turbulence, Low-Level Jets, and Waves in the Tyrrhenian Coastal Zone as Shown by Sodar
Previous Article in Journal
Convective Shower Characteristics Simulated with the Convection-Permitting Climate Model COSMO-CLM
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Impact of the Two-Way Coupling between Wind Wave and Atmospheric Models on the Lower Atmosphere over the North Sea
Open AccessArticle

Sodar Observation of the ABL Structure and Waves over the Black Sea Offshore Site

1
A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119017 Moscow, Russia
2
Research Computer Center, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
3
Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, 00133 Rome, Italy
4
Finnish Meteorological Institute, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(12), 811; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10120811
Received: 19 October 2019 / Revised: 16 November 2019 / Accepted: 11 December 2019 / Published: 14 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vertical Structure of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer in Coastal Zone)
Sodar investigations of the breeze circulation and vertical structure of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) were carried out in the coastal zone of the Black Sea for ten days in June 2015. The measurements were preformed at a stationary oceanographic platform located 450 m from the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula. Complex measurements of the ABL vertical structure were performed using the three-axis Doppler minisodar Latan-3m. Auxiliary measurements were provided by a temperature profiler and two automatic weather stations. During the campaign, the weather was mostly fair with a pronounced daily cycle. Characteristic features of breeze circulation in the studied area, primarily determined by the adjacent mountains, were revealed. Wave structures with amplitudes of up to 100 m were regularly observed by sodar over the sea surface. Various forms of Kelvin–Helmholtz billows, observed at the interface between the sea breeze and the return flow aloft, are described. View Full-Text
Keywords: breeze; sodar; atmospheric boundary layer; internal gravity waves; Kelvin–Helmholtz billows; Black Sea breeze; sodar; atmospheric boundary layer; internal gravity waves; Kelvin–Helmholtz billows; Black Sea
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lyulyukin, V.; Kallistratova, M.; Zaitseva, D.; Kuznetsov, D.; Artamonov, A.; Repina, I.; Petenko, I.; Kouznetsov, R.; Pashkin, A. Sodar Observation of the ABL Structure and Waves over the Black Sea Offshore Site. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 811.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop