Centromere Repeats: Hidden Gems of the Genome
AbstractSatellite DNAs are now regarded as powerful and active contributors to genomic and chromosomal evolution. Paired with mobile transposable elements, these repetitive sequences provide a dynamic mechanism through which novel karyotypic modifications and chromosomal rearrangements may occur. In this review, we discuss the regulatory activity of satellite DNA and their neighboring transposable elements in a chromosomal context with a particular emphasis on the integral role of both in centromere function. In addition, we discuss the varied mechanisms by which centromeric repeats have endured evolutionary processes, producing a novel, species-specific centromeric landscape despite sharing a ubiquitously conserved function. Finally, we highlight the role these repetitive elements play in the establishment and functionality of de novo centromeres and chromosomal breakpoints that underpin karyotypic variation. By emphasizing these unique activities of satellite DNAs and transposable elements, we hope to disparage the conventional exemplification of repetitive DNA in the historically-associated context of ‘junk’. View Full-Text
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Hartley, G.; O’Neill, R.J. Centromere Repeats: Hidden Gems of the Genome. Genes 2019, 10, 223.
Hartley G, O’Neill RJ. Centromere Repeats: Hidden Gems of the Genome. Genes. 2019; 10(3):223.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hartley, Gabrielle; O’Neill, Rachel J. 2019. "Centromere Repeats: Hidden Gems of the Genome." Genes 10, no. 3: 223.
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