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Article

The Intake of Phosphorus and Nitrites through Meat Products: A Health Risk Assessment of Children Aged 1 to 9 Years Old in Serbia

1
Centre of Research Excellence in Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Medical Research, National Institute of Republic of Serbia, University of Belgrade, Tadeusa Koscuska, 111000 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology, Kaćanskog 13, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Roberto Iacone
Nutrients 2022, 14(2), 242; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020242
Received: 14 December 2021 / Revised: 27 December 2021 / Accepted: 30 December 2021 / Published: 6 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue European Dietary Surveys: What's on the Menu?)
This study provides the data on dietary exposure of Serbian children to nitrites and phosphorus from meat products by combining individual consumption data with available analytical data of meat products. A total of 2603 and 1900 commercially available meat products were categorized into seven groups and analysed for nitrite and phosphorous content. The highest mean levels of nitrite content, expressed as NaNO2, were found in finely minced cooked sausages (40.25 ± 20.37 mg/kg), followed by canned meat (34.95 ± 22.12 mg/kg) and coarsely minced cooked sausages (32.85 ± 23.25 mg/kg). The EDI (estimated daily intake) of nitrites from meat products, calculated from a National Food Consumption Survey in 576 children aged 1–9 years, indicated that the Serbian children population exceeded the nitrite ADI (acceptable daily intake) proposed by EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) in 6.4% of children, with a higher proportion in 1–3-year-old participants. The mean phosphorus concentration varied from 2.71 ± 1.05 g/kg to 6.12 ± 1.33 g/kg in liver sausage and pate and smoked meat products, respectively. The EDI of phosphorus from meat products was far below the ADI proposed by EFSA, indicating that the use of phosphorus additives in Serbian meat products is generally in line with legislation. View Full-Text
Keywords: nitrite; phosphorus; food additives; dietary intake; children; Serbia nitrite; phosphorus; food additives; dietary intake; children; Serbia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Milešević, J.; Vranić, D.; Gurinović, M.; Korićanac, V.; Borović, B.; Zeković, M.; Šarac, I.; Milićević, D.R.; Glibetić, M. The Intake of Phosphorus and Nitrites through Meat Products: A Health Risk Assessment of Children Aged 1 to 9 Years Old in Serbia. Nutrients 2022, 14, 242. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020242

AMA Style

Milešević J, Vranić D, Gurinović M, Korićanac V, Borović B, Zeković M, Šarac I, Milićević DR, Glibetić M. The Intake of Phosphorus and Nitrites through Meat Products: A Health Risk Assessment of Children Aged 1 to 9 Years Old in Serbia. Nutrients. 2022; 14(2):242. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020242

Chicago/Turabian Style

Milešević, Jelena, Danijela Vranić, Mirjana Gurinović, Vladimir Korićanac, Branka Borović, Milica Zeković, Ivana Šarac, Dragan R. Milićević, and Maria Glibetić. 2022. "The Intake of Phosphorus and Nitrites through Meat Products: A Health Risk Assessment of Children Aged 1 to 9 Years Old in Serbia" Nutrients 14, no. 2: 242. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020242

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