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Review

Effective Immune Functions of Micronutrients against SARS-CoV-2

1
Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka 72388, Al Jouf, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman 14415, Sudan
3
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, The Women University Multan, Multan 60000, Pakistan
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Department of Pathology, Tehsil Headquarter Hospital Kamoke, District Gujranwala, Kamoke 50661, Pakistan
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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-koom 32511, Egypt
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Department of Microbiology, King Abdulaziz Specialist Hospital, Sakaka 72341, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(10), 2992; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102992
Received: 13 September 2020 / Revised: 26 September 2020 / Accepted: 28 September 2020 / Published: 29 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Immunity and Viral Infection)
The third coronavirus outbreak in the last two decades has caused significant damage to the world’s economy and community health. The highly contagious COVID-19 infection has affected millions of people to date and has led to hundreds of thousands of deaths worldwide. Aside from the highly infectious nature of SARS-CoV-2, the lack of a treatment or vaccine has been the main reason for its spread. Thus, it has become necessary to find alternative methods for controlling SARS-CoV-2. For the present review, we conducted an online search for different available nutrition-based therapies for previously known coronavirus infections and RNA-based virus infections as well as general antiviral therapies. These treatments have promise for combating COVID-19, as various nutrients and minerals play direct and indirect roles in the control and prevention of this newly emerged viral infection. The patients’ nutritional status with COVID-19 must be analyzed before administering any treatment, and nutritional supplements should be given to the affected individuals along with routine treatment. We suggest a potential interventional role of nutrients to strengthen the immune system against the emerging infection caused by COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; nutrients; immunonutrition; public health; immune enhancement; minerals; vitamins COVID-19; nutrients; immunonutrition; public health; immune enhancement; minerals; vitamins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Junaid, K.; Ejaz, H.; Abdalla, A.E.; Abosalif, K.O.A.; Ullah, M.I.; Yasmeen, H.; Younas, S.; Hamam, S.S.M.; Rehman, A. Effective Immune Functions of Micronutrients against SARS-CoV-2. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2992. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102992

AMA Style

Junaid K, Ejaz H, Abdalla AE, Abosalif KOA, Ullah MI, Yasmeen H, Younas S, Hamam SSM, Rehman A. Effective Immune Functions of Micronutrients against SARS-CoV-2. Nutrients. 2020; 12(10):2992. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102992

Chicago/Turabian Style

Junaid, Kashaf, Hasan Ejaz, Abualgasim E. Abdalla, Khalid O.A. Abosalif, Muhammad I. Ullah, Humaira Yasmeen, Sonia Younas, Sanaa S.M. Hamam, and Abdul Rehman. 2020. "Effective Immune Functions of Micronutrients against SARS-CoV-2" Nutrients 12, no. 10: 2992. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12102992

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