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Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1593;

Associations of Lifestyle Behaviour and Healthy Ageing in Five Latin American and the Caribbean Countries—A 10/66 Population-Based Cohort Study

Department of Health Service and Population Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, London SE5 8AF, UK
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), 28029 Madrid, Spain
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IIS-Princesa), 28006 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 25 October 2018 / Published: 30 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ageing and Nutrition through Lifespan)
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Latin American and the Caribbean countries exhibit high life expectancy and projections show that they will experience the fastest growth of older people in the following years. As people live longer, it is important to maximise the opportunity to age healthily. We aimed to examine the associations of lifestyle behaviours with healthy ageing in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Peru, Mexico and Puerto Rico, part of the 10/66 study. Residents 65 years old and over (n = 10,900) were interviewed between 2003 and 2010. In the baseline survey, we measured four healthy behaviours: Physical activity, non-smoking, moderate drinking and fruits or vegetables consumption. Healthy ageing was conceptualised within the functional ability framework over a median of 4 years follow-up. Logistic models were calculated per country and then pooled together with fixed-effects meta-analysis. People engaging in physical activity and consuming fruits or vegetables had increased odds of healthy ageing in the follow-up (OR: 2.59, 95% CI: 2.20–3.03; OR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.06–1.44, respectively). Compared with participants engaging in none or one healthy behaviour, the ORs of participants engaging in two, three or four healthy behaviours increased in a linear way (OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.40–1.84; OR: 2.29, 95% CI: 1.94–2.69; OR: 2.46, 95% CI: 1.54–3.92, respectively). Our findings highlight the importance of awareness of a healthy lifestyle behaviour among older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; healthy ageing; nutrition; physical activity; lifestyle behaviour older adults; healthy ageing; nutrition; physical activity; lifestyle behaviour

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Daskalopoulou, C.; Koukounari, A.; Ayuso-Mateos, J.L.; Prince, M.; Prina, A.M. Associations of Lifestyle Behaviour and Healthy Ageing in Five Latin American and the Caribbean Countries—A 10/66 Population-Based Cohort Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1593.

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