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Open AccessArticle

Cooperative Strategies in Two-Echelon Rescue Delivery Environment with Accessibility Uncertainty

1
School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 610074, China
2
Asper School of Business, University of Manitoba, 181 Freedman Crescent, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5333; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135333
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 7 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
Cooperation between rescue teams is important to improve rescue performance. Vehicles outside of the disaster area usually deliver rescue resources. A two-echelon rescue delivery model is proposed, considering the isolated island of the disaster area where all the roads to the outside are interrupted. This paper first presents a non-cooperation scenario and then a cooperation scenario in an uncertain environment. Furthermore, two types of cooperative strategies to improve rescue performance are provided in the paper. The two cooperative strategies are a reactive cooperative strategy and an anticipatory cooperative strategy. Numerical experiments are used to evaluate the rescue performances of the two cooperation strategies by comparing them with the non-cooperation scenario. The results reveal that the anticipatory cooperative strategy performs the best in different cases varying in size. View Full-Text
Keywords: cooperative strategy; emergency planning; vehicle routing problem; uncertainty cooperative strategy; emergency planning; vehicle routing problem; uncertainty
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Zhang, H.; Wu, Y.; Liao, Y.; Gajpal, Y. Cooperative Strategies in Two-Echelon Rescue Delivery Environment with Accessibility Uncertainty. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5333.

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