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Nurs. Rep., Volume 14, Issue 2 (June 2024) – 64 articles

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13 pages, 775 KiB  
Review
The Experiences of Family Members of Patients Discharged from Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies
by Benedetta Basso, Sebastiano Fogolin, Matteo Danielis and Elisa Mattiussi
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1504-1516; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020113 (registering DOI) - 14 Jun 2024
Viewed by 201
Abstract
Background: Improving the understanding of the post-discharge experiences of family members after their loved ones leave the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is essential for developing effective follow-up strategies. These strategies are crucial for mitigating potential negative outcomes for both patients and their families. [...] Read more.
Background: Improving the understanding of the post-discharge experiences of family members after their loved ones leave the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is essential for developing effective follow-up strategies. These strategies are crucial for mitigating potential negative outcomes for both patients and their families. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of family members after the discharge of their loved ones from the ICU. Methods: In September 2023, we conducted a systematic search of qualitative studies across the following databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus and Web of Science. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) was used to guide this review. Results: Eight articles met the inclusion criteria. Four themes were identified following evidence synthesis: (1) grappling with a weighty burden; (2) recognizing and confronting adversities along the way; (3) seeking support beyond one’s own resources; and (4) addressing comprehensive care requirements. Conclusions: Family members face significant psychological and physical challenges while caring for their loved ones recovering from an ICU stay. Adequate formal and informal help is imperative to provide support both during hospitalization and after discharge. A refined understanding of the distinct requirements and experiences of family members can serve as a strategic framework for informing educational interventions and follow-up programs during the transition from hospital settings to community-based care. This study was not registered. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Critical Care Nursing)
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10 pages, 544 KiB  
Article
Nursing Students’ Perceptions of a Novel Education Approach to Prevention and Control of Healthcare-Associated Infections: Insights from PrevInf Pilot Study
by Paulo Santos-Costa, Filipe Paiva-Santos, João Graveto and PrevInf Group
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1494-1503; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020112 (registering DOI) - 14 Jun 2024
Viewed by 163
Abstract
Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) pose a significant global threat, particularly in developing regions such as Southeast Asia. International bodies emphasize the role of formal undergraduate training in the prevention and control of HAIs. To address this, we aimed to explore the perceptions of [...] Read more.
Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) pose a significant global threat, particularly in developing regions such as Southeast Asia. International bodies emphasize the role of formal undergraduate training in the prevention and control of HAIs. To address this, we aimed to explore the perceptions of Southeast Asian nursing students regarding a novel educational approach developed by a European–Southeast Asian project consortium. Methods: A pilot study was conducted in four nursing higher education institutions from Cambodia and Vietnam. First, local nursing educators conducted a 2 h classroom-based training session. Then, students were invited to participate for the first time in one of twelve evidence-based simulation scenarios developed by the research team, covering a range of nursing care situations related to the prevention and control of HAIs. After attending both components, students were asked to complete a paper-based questionnaire and rate their agreement with a set of statements on the appropriateness and meaningfulness of both components. Results: A total of 430 nursing students enrolled in the pilot study; 77.4% were female, with an average age of 19.8 years. The PrevInf educational intervention received positive feedback from participating students across settings, with strong agreement on the importance of proactiveness in competency development (M = 5.9, SD = 1.4). Notable differences between Cambodian and Vietnamese students were observed in terms of their receptiveness to the pre-selected teaching materials (p = 0.001) and strategies (p = 0.01) used by the nursing educators during their experience with the simulation scenarios. Conclusions: The PrevInf educational intervention shows promise in engaging Southeast Asian nursing students and fostering a deeper understanding of the prevention and control of HAIs. Further studies are warranted to refine the learning content and standardize the pedagogical strategies used by nursing educators across settings. This study was not registered. Full article
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17 pages, 296 KiB  
Article
Impact of Effort–Reward Imbalance and Burnout on the Compliance with Standard Precautions among Nurses and Midwives in Lebanese Hospitals
by Noha A. Sayrafi, Ali Salami and Ghassan Ghssein
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1477-1493; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020111 - 11 Jun 2024
Viewed by 220
Abstract
Background: Effort–reward imbalance (ERI) refers to the situation where there is a mismatch between the effort that healthcare workers (HCWs) put into their work and the rewards they receive in return. Burnout, on the other hand, is a psychological syndrome characterized by emotional [...] Read more.
Background: Effort–reward imbalance (ERI) refers to the situation where there is a mismatch between the effort that healthcare workers (HCWs) put into their work and the rewards they receive in return. Burnout, on the other hand, is a psychological syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. This study aimed to assess the impact of ERI and burnout on the compliance with standard precautions (SPs) among nurses and midwives in Lebanese hospitals under the economic crisis and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Cross-sectional correlational study, based on self-administered questionnaire data, measuring the compliance with SPs, ERI, and burnout, in addition to the relationship between these factors, was performed among 409 nurses and midwives, working in Lebanese hospitals. Results: ERI was significantly associated with exposure to burnout among nurses and midwives, and burnout was found to be a significant predictor of nurses and midwives’ self-reported adherence with SPs. Conclusions: This study highlights the contribution of ERI and burnout to the chain of infection by decreased adherence to infection control SPs of nurses and midwives. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Burnout and Nursing Care)
9 pages, 228 KiB  
Article
Remote Assisted Home Dressing vs. Outpatient Medication of Central Venous Catheter (Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter): Clinical Trial A.R.C.O. (Remote Assistance Oncology Caregiver)
by Paolo Basili, Ilaria Farina, Irene Terrenato, Jacopo Centini, Nina Volpe, Vanessa Rizzo, Laura Agoglia, Albina Paterniani, Pasquale Aprea, Prisco Calignano, Fabrizio Petrone and Gennaro Ciliberto
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1468-1476; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020110 - 11 Jun 2024
Viewed by 171
Abstract
Background: Management of PICC dressing can be performed at home by the patient through adequate training and telenursing. This trial verifies that the incidence of catheter-related complications in home patients, assisted by telenursing, is not greater than that observed in outpatients. Methods: This [...] Read more.
Background: Management of PICC dressing can be performed at home by the patient through adequate training and telenursing. This trial verifies that the incidence of catheter-related complications in home patients, assisted by telenursing, is not greater than that observed in outpatients. Methods: This clinical trial is composed of 72 patients with malignant tumors who underwent long-term chemotherapy with PICC insertion. They were randomly divided into an experimental group (33 cases) and a calibration group (39 cases). The control group received outpatient dressing for the PICC at the hospital, while the experimental group received a telenursing intervention about the management of the PICC. The incidence of catheter-related infections, the ability of self-management, and a rough cost/benefit estimation were compared between the two groups. This trial was performed according to the CONSORT 2010 checklist. Results: The two groups do not significantly differ in relation to age, sex, and PICCs in terms of the body side insertion, the type of dressing, and the agents used for cleaning. The analysis of the results showed that in the home-managed group, the clinical events reported during the connection were higher when compared with the outpatient group (p < 0.001). The patients in the homecare group developed frequent complications resulting from skin redness (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The use of telenursing for patient education in cancer centers can reduce nurses’ working time, improving the self-management capacity of patients with a long-term PICC. This trial was retrospectively registered with the Clinical Trial Gov on the 18 May 2023 with registration number NCT05880420. Full article
16 pages, 801 KiB  
Article
Trust in the Leader, Organizational Commitment, and Nurses’ Intention to Leave—Insights from a Nationwide Study Using Structural Equation Modeling
by Dhurata Ivziku, Valentina Biagioli, Rosario Caruso, Marzia Lommi, Anna De Benedictis, Raffaella Gualandi and Daniela Tartaglini
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1452-1467; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020109 - 10 Jun 2024
Viewed by 316
Abstract
Nursing retention is a major challenge globally. Ongoing workforce instability across countries underscores the need to understand the factors influencing turnover and nursing retention. Trust is a crucial element in managing workplace relationships between nurse managers and nurses. Existing studies have shown the [...] Read more.
Nursing retention is a major challenge globally. Ongoing workforce instability across countries underscores the need to understand the factors influencing turnover and nursing retention. Trust is a crucial element in managing workplace relationships between nurse managers and nurses. Existing studies have shown the direct impact of trust on employees’ intention to leave their job but have not explored the effects of potential mediators such as organizational commitment. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of trust in the leader on nurses’ intention to leave their job through the mediation of organizational commitment. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Italy. A convenience sample of 1853 nurses completed a self-report survey. The study tested a hypothesis-based mediation model using structural equation modeling, which showed good fit indices. The results indicated that trust in the leader had a significant impact on nurses’ intention to leave, and this relationship was partially mediated by organizational commitment. Nurses who trust their leader are more likely to demonstrate higher levels of organizational commitment, resulting in a lower intention to leave their job. Furthermore, organizational commitment and trust emerge as critical factors in reducing nurses’ intention to leave their current positions. Therefore, managers can reduce nurses’ intention to leave by building trustful relationships that enhance organizational commitment.This study was not registered. Full article
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13 pages, 294 KiB  
Article
Patient Safety Culture from a Nursing Perspective in a Chilean Hospital
by Paulina Hurtado-Arenas, Miguel R. Guevara and Víctor M. González-Chordá
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1439-1451; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020108 - 4 Jun 2024
Viewed by 328
Abstract
Patient safety culture is relevant both in the delivery of care and in the training of nursing staff, its purpose being to prevent and reduce risks associated with health care. This research aims to evaluate patient safety culture from the perspective of the [...] Read more.
Patient safety culture is relevant both in the delivery of care and in the training of nursing staff, its purpose being to prevent and reduce risks associated with health care. This research aims to evaluate patient safety culture from the perspective of the nursing teams in a highly complex public hospital in the city of Valparaíso, Chile. A cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach applying descriptive, bivariate, and inferential statistical analysis was conducted on 259 nurses and nursing assistants from 13 adult medical–surgical units of the Carlos Van Buren hospital. The participants were obtained through a non-probabilistic convenience sample, answering the hospital survey on Patient Safety Culture version 2.0 (HSOPS 2.0), adapted to the Chilean population. The best-evaluated dimension was communication and receptivity; the worst was the support administrators provide for patient safety. This study identified the weaknesses and strengths of the hospital, the most worrying weakness being the shortage of human capital, material, and financial resources necessary to improve patient safety. This study was not registered. Full article
15 pages, 240 KiB  
Article
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Standardized Patient Simulation as a Teaching Method in Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
by Eman Dawood, Sitah S. Alshutwi, Shahad Alshareif and Hanaa Abo Shereda
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1424-1438; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020107 - 4 Jun 2024
Viewed by 303
Abstract
Background: The use of standardized patient simulation in psychiatric nursing education addresses the unique challenges presented by mental healthcare settings. Students’ attitudes toward clinical simulation remain predominantly favorable, with many expressing enthusiasm for the opportunities it provides in terms of embracing challenges, enhancing [...] Read more.
Background: The use of standardized patient simulation in psychiatric nursing education addresses the unique challenges presented by mental healthcare settings. Students’ attitudes toward clinical simulation remain predominantly favorable, with many expressing enthusiasm for the opportunities it provides in terms of embracing challenges, enhancing realism, and promoting critical thinking through problem solving, decision-making, and adaptability. Methods: This quantitative study used a cross-sectional, descriptive, correlation design to investigate the effectiveness of standardized patient simulation as a teaching method in the Psychiatric and Mental Health nursing course in a university setting. A total of 84 nursing students were recruited for the convenience sample. Data were collected using a three-part questionnaire survey which included the following: a demographic data sheet, the Student Satisfaction and Self-confidence in Learning Scale, and a narrative open-ended question asking the participants to write the advantages and disadvantages of their simulation experience. Data were analyzed using the statistical software JMP pro17. Results: The total satisfaction with learning subscale score ranged between 5 and 25 with a mean score of 19.36 ± 6.32. The total self-confidence subscale score ranged between 8 and 40 with a mean score of 30.87 ± 9.1. Pearson’s correlation coefficient r revealed a statistically significant positive relationship between the participants’ satisfaction with the learning experience and their self-confidence (t = 0.923, p < 0.0001). Approximately 91.7% of the students recommended using simulation. The results confirmed the students’ recommendations of simulation use in teaching psychiatric and mental health courses; furthermore, the results showed a statistically significant positive correlation with the total SSLS (p = 0.01) and satisfaction with learning subscale (0.003). Participants reported that authentic, practical, comfortable, and safe learning environments contributed to an enriched learning experience. Additionally, factors such as timesaving, access to information, cost-effectiveness, standardized teaching, varied exposure, skill development, and immediate feedback also enhanced the learning experience through patient simulation in psychiatric and mental health nursing. Conclusion: Simulations can contribute efficiently and positively to psychiatric and mental health nursing education in a manner that optimizes the learning experience while ensuring the consistency of student learning in a safe learning environment. Full article
10 pages, 251 KiB  
Article
Digitalization in the Emergency Department—An Interview Study of Nurses’ Experiences in Norway
by Ann-Chatrin Linqvist Leonardsen, Vivian Nystrøm, Renate Slang, Eilen Olsen and Anne Kristin Hole Trollnes
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1414-1423; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020106 - 31 May 2024
Viewed by 364
Abstract
Emergency departments (EDs) are overcrowded and linked to an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Digitalization in EDs has been shown to increase effectiveness, reduce wait times, and improve performance and patient experience. The purpose of this study was to explore ED nurses’ [...] Read more.
Emergency departments (EDs) are overcrowded and linked to an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Digitalization in EDs has been shown to increase effectiveness, reduce wait times, and improve performance and patient experience. The purpose of this study was to explore ED nurses’ experiences with digitalization in the ED. Interviews were conducted with eight ED nurses in a Norwegian hospital. Data were analyzed using Braun and Clarke’s six-step thematic analysis. Through analysis, three themes were identified, namely (1) consequences for patient safety, (2) influencing communication in the ED, and (3) impacting acute nursing. ED nurses experienced that the digital tools had increased patient safety through accurate documentation and providing a quick overview of the patient. However, digital tools were also seen as a threat to patient safety due to taking focus away from the patient. Digital tools were experienced to have negatively changed the communication both between personnel and between personnel and patients. Also, digital tools impacted the ED nurses’ professional role to a more digitalization-focused approach rather than a patient-oriented approach. These aspects must be included when planning the implementation of new digital tools in EDs in the future. Full article
12 pages, 590 KiB  
Article
Association between Internet Use and Locomotive Syndrome, Frailty, and Sarcopenia among Community-Dwelling Older Japanese Adults
by Tamaki Hirose, Yohei Sawaya, Masahiro Ishizaka, Naori Hashimoto, Miyoko Watanabe, Masafumi Itokazu, Akira Kubo and Tomohiko Urano
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1402-1413; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020105 - 31 May 2024
Viewed by 130
Abstract
In the lives of those who are the target of community health nursing, it is important to collaborate with individuals and communities to improve their quality of life. Herein, we aimed to determine the association between Internet use among older individuals and locomotive [...] Read more.
In the lives of those who are the target of community health nursing, it is important to collaborate with individuals and communities to improve their quality of life. Herein, we aimed to determine the association between Internet use among older individuals and locomotive syndrome (LS), frailty, and sarcopenia. In this cross-sectional study conducted between July 2022 and March 2023, we recruited 105 community-dwelling older Japanese adults who participated in a care prevention project called “Kayoi-no-ba”. All participants were divided into Internet and non-Internet user groups according to the classification of a previous study. We assessed LS (standing test, two-step test, and five-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale), frailty (through the Questionnaire for Medical Checkup of Old-Old), and sarcopenia (grip strength, normal walking speed, and skeletal muscle mass index) and made group comparisons between Internet users and non-users. Binomial logistic regression analyses were performed with Internet use as the independent variable and sarcopenia or LS as the dependent variables. The Internet and non-Internet user groups had 69 and 36 participants, respectively. The Internet user group comprised 65.7% of all participants, which was similar to that reported in a previous study of the same age group. Between-group comparisons showed significant differences in sarcopenia and LS items, whereas adjusted binomial logistic analysis showed a significant association between sarcopenia and Internet use. In summary, among LS, frailty, and sarcopenia, sarcopenia showed the highest association with Internet use. Older adults without sarcopenia having good physical functions, such as grip strength, walking speed, and skeletal muscle index, more likely used the Internet; while older adults with sarcopenia were less likely to use the Internet. This implied that Internet use may be associated with physical function. Full article
14 pages, 254 KiB  
Article
The Health of a Migrant Population: A Phenomenological Study of the Experience of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in a Multicultural Context
by Paola Arcadi, Mariachiara Figura, Silvio Simeone, Gianluca Pucciarelli, Ercole Vellone and Rosaria Alvaro
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1388-1401; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020104 - 31 May 2024
Viewed by 185
Abstract
Refugees and asylum seekers bring with them a plurality of cultures, traditions, and values that could prove crucial in influencing perceived health needs, requests for intervention, or willingness to undergo specific health treatments. Although studies have focused on the health consequences of forced [...] Read more.
Refugees and asylum seekers bring with them a plurality of cultures, traditions, and values that could prove crucial in influencing perceived health needs, requests for intervention, or willingness to undergo specific health treatments. Although studies have focused on the health consequences of forced migration, in recent years, there has been a lack of information on how refugees and asylum seekers represent their experiences of perceived health needs and elements that influence well-being, in a community context. This study aims to explore the experience of refugees and asylum seekers in an Italian multicultural community about perceived health needs. A qualitative phenomenological study was conducted with an interpretive approach. The data were collected using a semi-structured face-to-face interview. The interviews were transcribed, read thoroughly, and analyzed. Nineteen refugees and asylum seekers were interviewed. Three main themes were extracted: (1) the centrality of the family to feel healthy; (2) feeling part of a community; and (3) stability and security. The results confirm that health needs, experiences, and different cultural representations of health and illness should be read and addressed with a culturally competent vision. This study was not registered. Full article
18 pages, 528 KiB  
Article
Pain Assessment in Patients during Hemodialysis Treatment: Quality Improvement Project
by Rita Rodrigues and Cristina Costeira
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1370-1387; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020103 - 30 May 2024
Viewed by 424
Abstract
Pain is a prevalent symptom in patients with chronic kidney disease, related to disease progression, comorbidities, and required immobility during dialysis treatment. Nurses must perform detailed pain assessments to manage pain effectively during hemodialysis treatment. This quality improvement project, reported using SQUIRE 2.0, [...] Read more.
Pain is a prevalent symptom in patients with chronic kidney disease, related to disease progression, comorbidities, and required immobility during dialysis treatment. Nurses must perform detailed pain assessments to manage pain effectively during hemodialysis treatment. This quality improvement project, reported using SQUIRE 2.0, aims to describe pain characteristics in chronic kidney disease patients in a hemodialysis unit clinic in Portugal, implement strategies to improve the pain assessment process in patients with chronic kidney disease during hemodialysis treatment, and assess nurses’ satisfaction with the implemented strategies. The study was conducted in a Portuguese hemodialysis clinic, with patients and nurses, in three phases: diagnostic study, protocol implementation, and a descriptive study to assess nurse satisfaction. Seventy-five patients (mean age 71 ± 12.6 years) participated, with 64% reporting moderate chronic pain daily and 48% during hemodialysis treatment. Thirteen nurses considered the pain assessment protocol important, rating their satisfaction at 7.92 ± 1.32 (0–10). Standardizing practices through protocol implementation is likely to improve care and increase nurse satisfaction. Full article
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17 pages, 1237 KiB  
Article
The Hidden Reserve of Nurses in The Netherlands: A Spatial Analysis
by Frits van Merode, Wim Groot, Catharina van Oostveen and Melline Somers
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1353-1369; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020102 - 28 May 2024
Viewed by 432
Abstract
Worldwide, nurse shortages constitute a problem, including in the Netherlands. Every region in the country has a shortage of all types of nurses. At the same time, there are large hidden reserves: persons who have been trained as a nurse but do not [...] Read more.
Worldwide, nurse shortages constitute a problem, including in the Netherlands. Every region in the country has a shortage of all types of nurses. At the same time, there are large hidden reserves: persons who have been trained as a nurse but do not work in the healthcare sector. The size of the hidden reserve exceeds the shortage of nurses. Until now, the literature has not paid much attention to spatial aspects of the nursing shortage problem. In this paper, we analyze the size of the hidden reserves and how they are distributed over the country, across large and smaller cities, and across different nurse categories. We find that especially densely populated areas have relatively small shares of trained nurses as well as large hidden reserves relative to their population. These areas are also facing the largest nurse shortages. As nurse labor markets are local, policies that are more focused on local situations are necessary to activate these hidden reserves. Full article
15 pages, 421 KiB  
Article
Readability and Comprehension of Anesthesia Informed Consent Forms in a Spanish County Hospital: An Observational Study
by José Manuel García-Álvarez and Alfonso García-Sánchez
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1338-1352; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020101 - 24 May 2024
Viewed by 295
Abstract
(1) Background: The wording of informed consent forms could hinder their comprehension and hinder patients’ autonomous choice. The objective of this study was to analyze the readability and comprehension of anesthesia informed consent forms in a Spanish county hospital. (2) Methods: Descriptive and [...] Read more.
(1) Background: The wording of informed consent forms could hinder their comprehension and hinder patients’ autonomous choice. The objective of this study was to analyze the readability and comprehension of anesthesia informed consent forms in a Spanish county hospital. (2) Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out on patients who were going to undergo anesthetic techniques. The readability of the forms was analyzed using the INFLESZ tool and their subjective comprehension using an ad hoc questionnaire. (3) Results: The analyzed forms presented a “somewhat difficult” legibility. A total of 44.2% of the patients decided not to read the form, mainly because they had previously undergone surgery with the same anesthetic technique. The language used in the forms was considered inadequate by 49.5% of the patients and 53.3% did not comprehend it in its entirety. A statistically significant negative correlation of age and INFLESZ readability score with the overall questionnaire score was found. A statistically significant association was observed as a function of age and educational level with the different criteria of the questionnaire. (4) Conclusions: The anesthesia informed consent forms presented low readability with limited comprehension. It would be necessary to improve their wording to favor comprehension and to guarantee patients’ freedom of choice. Full article
14 pages, 439 KiB  
Article
Factors That Influence Resilience among First-Year Undergraduate Nursing Students: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study
by Gopolang Gause, Leepile Alfred Sehularo and Molekodi Jacob Matsipane
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1324-1337; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020100 - 24 May 2024
Viewed by 144
Abstract
During their transition from basic to higher education, first-year undergraduate nursing students need to balance theoretical and clinical requirements, as well as their social life. A significant number of them struggle with this, due to a lack of coping mechanisms due to poor [...] Read more.
During their transition from basic to higher education, first-year undergraduate nursing students need to balance theoretical and clinical requirements, as well as their social life. A significant number of them struggle with this, due to a lack of coping mechanisms due to poor resilience. This study aimed to determine factors that influence resilience among first-year undergraduate nursing students at a South African university. A cross-sectional descriptive research design was followed, with stratified convenient sampling. Data were collected during August 2023 using an adapted self-administered online questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the adapted version was ensured in the context of this study. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation were used to analyse data. A total of 123 participants (47.2% from campus A and 52.8% from campus B) completed the questionnaire. The majority (88%) were females. This study showed that resilience can be dependent on various factors, such as lecturer support, parental support, academic achievement, peer and mentor support, optimism about the future, and self-determination. It is recommended that higher education institutions should consider incorporating the factors presented in this study as part of the broader orientation of first-year undergraduate nursing students when they first arrive at university. Full article
12 pages, 388 KiB  
Review
Instruments for Evaluating the Nutritional Status of Cancer Patients Undergoing Antineoplastic Treatment: A Scoping Review
by Erik Medina Cruz, Natacha Palenzuela Luis, Natalia Rodríguez Novo, Miriam González Suarez, Raquel Casas Hernández and María Mercedes Novo Muñoz
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1312-1323; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020099 - 23 May 2024
Viewed by 431
Abstract
The use of validated tools to evaluate the nutritional status of the cancer patient provides guaranteed precision and reliability in their nutritional evaluation, ensuring that the information is accurate and reflects the patient's situation. The aim of this study was to identify the [...] Read more.
The use of validated tools to evaluate the nutritional status of the cancer patient provides guaranteed precision and reliability in their nutritional evaluation, ensuring that the information is accurate and reflects the patient's situation. The aim of this study was to identify the valid and reliable instruments in the evaluation of the nutritional status of cancer patients with a diagnosis of solid tumor undergoing antineoplastic treatment (chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy). A scoping review was conducted to search for original articles published in scientific journals in English, Spanish, or Portuguese in the past five years. In order to identify potentially relevant documents, searches were performed in the following databases: SCOPUS, WOS, CINAHL, MEDLINE, BVS, and PUBMED. DECS-MeSH descriptors and Boolean operators were used. In addition, the Arksey and O’Malley protocol, the Joanne Briggs Institute (JBI) method, and the flow chart of the Preferred Information Elements for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, known as PRISMA, were followed. The initial search strategy identified a total of 164 references, which were examined successively, leaving a final selection of ten studies. It was found that the most used instrument for nutritional evaluation was the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). Other questionnaires also stood out such as the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS 2002), and the Functional Assessment of Anorexia/Cachexia Therapy (FAACT). The variation in the tools used ranges from subjective assessments to objective measurements, thus underlining the need for a comprehensive and individualized approach. Full article
15 pages, 838 KiB  
Article
Susceptibility to Electronic Cigarette and Consumption Patterns in Adolescents
by Esperanza Santano-Mogena, Sergio Rico-Martín, Cristina Franco-Antonio and Sergio Cordovilla-Guardia
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1297-1311; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020098 - 22 May 2024
Viewed by 403
Abstract
The use of electronic cigarettes (ECs) is a major problem globally. Susceptibility and curiosity are important factors that develop prior to the onset of substance use, such as ECs, and are therefore considered as predictors. Both factors are used to obtain an extended [...] Read more.
The use of electronic cigarettes (ECs) is a major problem globally. Susceptibility and curiosity are important factors that develop prior to the onset of substance use, such as ECs, and are therefore considered as predictors. Both factors are used to obtain an extended index of susceptibility (ESIe-c), which allows the identification of adolescents who are at risk of starting to use these devices. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of EC consumption and to assess the association of possible predictors with susceptibility to use and experimentation with ECs among adolescents. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 377 adolescents (53.0% female). Participants were compared according to their experimentation with ECs. A total of 45.9% had already used electronic cigarettes, and 20.8% were current users. Among those who had not tried electronic cigarettes, 43.3% had a medium-high susceptibility to EC initiation. Consumption among close friends, receiving offers of consumption and alcohol consumption were associated with initiation. There was an inverse association between a medium susceptibility index electronic cigarette score and the consumption of cigarettes and positive affect; on the other hand, the lack of premeditation was associated with a higher susceptibility index score. Intrapersonal factors and social factors seem to influence the ESIe-c and onset of EC use, respectively. The main conclusion in this study is that susceptibility is influenced by intrapersonal factors such as affectivity and impulsivity through the lack of premeditation, and by social factors such as EC consumption by best friends. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Nursing Care)
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10 pages, 609 KiB  
Article
Pilot Study of SATELLITE Education on Nurses’ Knowledge and Confidence toward Assessing and Caring for Female Victims of Sexual Violence
by Ratchneewan Ross, Francine Hebert Sheppard, Monir M. Almotairy, Joelle Hirst and Marjorie Jenkins
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1287-1296; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020097 - 22 May 2024
Viewed by 437
Abstract
Sexual violence (SV) can deeply impact victims’ physical and psychosocial well-being. Yet many healthcare providers, including registered nurses (RNs), hesitate to screen patients due to a lack of confidence and knowledge. The SATELLITE Sexual Violence Assessment and Care Guide was developed to address [...] Read more.
Sexual violence (SV) can deeply impact victims’ physical and psychosocial well-being. Yet many healthcare providers, including registered nurses (RNs), hesitate to screen patients due to a lack of confidence and knowledge. The SATELLITE Sexual Violence Assessment and Care Guide was developed to address this gap; however, the guide’s educational effectiveness remained untested. This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an education program based on the SATELLITE guide among RNs in clinical settings (n = 8), using a pre- and post-test design. Results indicated that the education was not only feasible and acceptable, but also demonstrated the effects as desired with significant increases in RNs’ knowledge and confidence in SV screening and care. The program’s assessment tool was reliable, and participant recruitment was feasible. Based on these findings, it is recommended that the SATELLITE education program be further tested with a larger RN sample and extended to other healthcare providers. Additionally, exploring SATELLITE’s use in different regions, cultural contexts, and healthcare settings would enhance understanding of the program’s broader applicability and effectiveness. Full article
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27 pages, 329 KiB  
Article
Community Care Needs of Highly Complex Chronic Patients: An Epidemiological Study in a Healthcare Area
by Pedro Ruymán Brito-Brito, Martín Rodríguez-Álvaro, Domingo Ángel Fernández-Gutiérrez, Janet Núñez-Marrero, Antonio Cabeza-Mora and Alfonso Miguel García-Hernández
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1260-1286; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020096 - 20 May 2024
Viewed by 374
Abstract
One of the priorities in family and community care is the epidemiological surveillance of the care needs and dysfunctionality present in populations of highly complex chronic patients (HCCPs) using standardised nursing languages. The aim of this study is to establish the prevalence of [...] Read more.
One of the priorities in family and community care is the epidemiological surveillance of the care needs and dysfunctionality present in populations of highly complex chronic patients (HCCPs) using standardised nursing languages. The aim of this study is to establish the prevalence of care needs and dysfunctionality among HCCPs in a specific health area by municipalities and geographical areas (metropolitan, north, and south) while verifying correlations with sociodemographic, financial, and health characteristics. This is an epidemiological, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out with a sample of 51,374 HCCPs, whose data were grouped into 31 municipalities. Data were collected on the following variables: sociodemographic, financial, health, functional status (health patterns), and care needs (nursing diagnoses). The mean age of the HCCPs was 73.41 (1.45) years, of which 56.18 (2.86)% were women. The municipalities in the northern area have a significantly higher proportion of older patients, HCCPs, lower incomes, and higher unemployment rates. The southern area had higher proportions of non-Spanish nationals and professionals in the hotel and catering industry, and the metropolitan area had a higher proportion of employed individuals and higher levels of education. Northern municipalities had a higher prevalence of illnesses and anxiolytic and anti-psychotic treatments. Dysfunctionality frequencies did not differ significantly by area. However, a higher prevalence of 13 nursing diagnoses was observed in the north. A high number of correlations were observed between population characteristics, dysfunctionality, and prevalent diagnoses. Finally, the frequencies of dysfunctionality in the population and the most common care needs were mapped by municipality. This research sought to ascertain whether there was an unequal distribution of these two aspects among HCCPs in order to gain a deeper epidemiological understanding of them from a family and community perspective using standardised nursing languages. This study was not registered. Full article
9 pages, 902 KiB  
Article
Effects of Hydrotherapy on the Management of Childbirth and Its Outcomes—A Retrospective Cohort Study
by Elena Mellado-García, Lourdes Díaz-Rodríguez, Jonathan Cortés-Martín, Juan Carlos Sánchez-García, Beatriz Piqueras-Sola, Juan Carlos Higuero Macías and Raquel Rodríguez-Blanque
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1251-1259; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020095 - 20 May 2024
Viewed by 369
Abstract
The use of hydrotherapy during childbirth has gained relevance due to the demand for natural childbirth and greater respect for the woman’s choice. Studies have shown benefits such as less use of epidural analgesia, increased ability to cope with pain, shorter labor, and [...] Read more.
The use of hydrotherapy during childbirth has gained relevance due to the demand for natural childbirth and greater respect for the woman’s choice. Studies have shown benefits such as less use of epidural analgesia, increased ability to cope with pain, shorter labor, and a better overall birth experience. Objective: The main objective of this study was to generate further evidence on maternal and birth outcomes associated with the use of hydrotherapy during labor, specifically aiming to describe the effects of water immersion during all stages of labor (first, second, and third) on women. Methodology: A retrospective cohort study was carried out on a random sample of women who gave birth at the Costa del Sol Hospital between January 2010 and December 2020. The calculated sample size was 377 women and the data were extracted from their partograms. After data extraction, two groups were formed: one group used hydrotherapy during childbirth (n = 124), while the other group included women who did not use hydrotherapy during the childbirth process (n = 253). Results: The results highlight significant differences in pain perception, analgesia use, types of labor, and delivery times between the two groups. Women who did not use hydrotherapy reported higher pain perception, with a median (IQR) of 8 (7–9) on a numerical scale, compared to a median (IQR) of 6 (5–7) for the hydrotherapy group. Furthermore, the group without hydrotherapy required epidural analgesia in 40% of cases, while in the hydrotherapy group, it was only necessary in 20%. In terms of the type of delivery, the hydrotherapy group had more spontaneous vaginal deliveries compared to the non-hydrotherapy group, which had more operative vaginal deliveries. The overall duration of labor was longer in the hydrotherapy group, especially in women who arrived at the hospital late in labor. Conclusions: Hydrotherapy is associated with a longer time to delivery. Women with a higher pain tolerance tend to opt for hydrotherapy instead of epidural analgesia. Full article
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15 pages, 248 KiB  
Article
Obesity Prevalence and Its Impact on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes among Pregnant Women: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study Design
by Wejdan Abdullah A. AlAnnaz, Amel Dawod Kamel Gouda, Faiza Ahmed Abou El-Soud and Mona R Alanazi
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1236-1250; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020094 - 17 May 2024
Viewed by 530
Abstract
Background: The escalating prevalence of obesity in women of reproductive age raises concerns about its impact on maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. This study aimed to thoroughly assess how obesity affects pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among Saudi pregnant women. Methods: In a [...] Read more.
Background: The escalating prevalence of obesity in women of reproductive age raises concerns about its impact on maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. This study aimed to thoroughly assess how obesity affects pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among Saudi pregnant women. Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study, we analyzed 8426 pregnant women who delivered at King Fahad National Guard Hospital in Riyadh in 2021. Of these, 3416 had obesity, and 341 of them, meeting the inclusion criteria, were selected. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compiled using a structured questionnaire and extracted from the hospital’s “Best Care” data-based registration system. Results: The findings highlighted that 40.5% of pregnant women were classified as obese, with almost half falling into obesity class II based on BMI. Obesity correlated significantly with adverse maternal outcomes like gestational diabetes and increased rates of cesarean deliveries. Additionally, maternal obesity was linked to unfavorable fetal outcomes, including higher rates of newborn intensive care unit admissions, lower APGAR scores at 1 min, and a greater likelihood of macrosomia. Conclusions: This study underscores the important impact of maternal obesity on both maternal and fetal health during pregnancy. Addressing this high-risk condition demands targeted educational programs for women of reproductive age focusing on BMI control, dietary adjustments, and lifestyle modifications to mitigate obesity-related complications during pregnancy. Full article
12 pages, 390 KiB  
Article
Understanding the Impact of the Nurse Manager’s Vocation for Leadership on the Healthcare Workplace Environments in Mexico: A Grounded Theory Approach
by Angeles Yañez-Lozano and Manuel Lillo-Crespo
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1224-1235; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020093 - 15 May 2024
Viewed by 614
Abstract
Background: Leadership in any managerial position that a nurse may hold appears to be closely connected to fostering positive and productive work environments within healthcare settings. However, not all nurse managers are characterized by leadership, and not all nurse leaders are nurse managers. [...] Read more.
Background: Leadership in any managerial position that a nurse may hold appears to be closely connected to fostering positive and productive work environments within healthcare settings. However, not all nurse managers are characterized by leadership, and not all nurse leaders are nurse managers. In countries, such as Mexico, those who occupy these roles have barely sufficient training in management, are mainly characterized by their experience in one clinical specialty and their vocation for leadership is not a requirement. Our study aims to understand how the leadership vocation that some nurse managers have in their daily practice could impact the work environments of healthcare organizations in Mexico. Methods: A qualitative design was carried out through a grounded theory approach based on Corbin & Strauss, interviewing individually 13 nurse managers with representative experience in Mexican public sector hospitals. Results: According to the interviewees, the meaning of vocation is based mainly on the love for their profession, on the vocation of being a nurse and caring for people, as well as on the development of their own natural leadership potential for decision-making in practice. This situation produces positive feedback on themselves by generating productive effects in the work environment, consequently strengthening them to better organize professional resources and therefore producing improvements. Conclusions: The nurse manager’s vocation of leadership derives from both the vocation of being a practicing nurse and the vocation for being a leader, positively impacting and productively contributing to the improvement of the work environment. Consequently, nurse managers with vocation for leadership should be the gold standard role in any healthcare organization. This study was retrospectively registered with the (registros-OSF-bmyvz-v1) on the (26 July 2023) registration number (10.17605/OSF.IO/BMYVZ). Full article
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12 pages, 467 KiB  
Article
Parents’ Participation in Care during Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Stay in COVID-19 Era: An Observational Study
by Emanuele Buccione, Davide Scarponcini Fornaro, Damiana Pieragostino, Luca Natale, Adelaide D’Errico, Valentina Chiavaroli, Laura Rasero, Stefano Bambi, Carlo Della Pelle and Susanna Di Valerio
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1212-1223; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020092 - 13 May 2024
Viewed by 534
Abstract
Background: Parents play a crucial role in the care of infants during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Recent studies have reported a decrease in parental participation due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, which has led to restricted access [...] Read more.
Background: Parents play a crucial role in the care of infants during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Recent studies have reported a decrease in parental participation due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, which has led to restricted access policies in hospitals. The aim of this study was to describe the barriers to good parental participation during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit in the COVID-19 era. Methods: This was a quantitative, observational study. Results: A total of 270 parents participated in this study. Mothers’ participation in care was higher than that of fathers (p = 0.017). Parents who lived at the birth of their first child reported a better level of participation in care compared to those who lived at the birth of their second-born (p = 0.005). Parents of extremely preterm neonates reported a lower interaction with their infants than parents of term newborns (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Some disadvantaged categories reported lower scores for cultural and linguistic minorities, parents of multiple children, and fathers. The COVID-19 pandemic has made several family-centred care activities impossible, with a higher impact on those who benefited most of these facilities. This study was prospectively approved by the IRB-CRRM of the University “G. d’Annunzio” Chieti-Pescara on 23 January 2024 (approval number CRRM: 2023_12_07_01). Full article
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19 pages, 533 KiB  
Systematic Review
Effectiveness of “Escape Room” Educational Technology in Nurses’ Education: A Systematic Review
by Héctor González-de la Torre, María-Naira Hernández-De Luis, Sergio Mies-Padilla, Rafaela Camacho-Bejarano, José Verdú-Soriano and Claudio-Alberto Rodríguez-Suárez
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1193-1211; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020091 - 13 May 2024
Viewed by 541
Abstract
Escape room games are educational gamification technologies that consist of introducing a team of players into a physical or digital space in search of clues to answer puzzles, riddles or enigmas and solve a mystery or problem. This study aims to determine the [...] Read more.
Escape room games are educational gamification technologies that consist of introducing a team of players into a physical or digital space in search of clues to answer puzzles, riddles or enigmas and solve a mystery or problem. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of escape room games on the training of nursing students in an international context. A systematic review was carried out in MEDLINE, WOS, SCOPUS, CINAHL and LILACS databases using the MeSH terms “Education, Nursing” and “Educational Technology”, and the free term “Escape room”, combined with Boolean operators AND/OR. Intervention studies in Spanish, English and Portuguese were included, without limitation for the year of publication. Selection and critical appraisal were conducted by two independent reviewers. A total of n = 13 interventional studies were included (n = 2 Randomized Clinical Trials and n = 11 quasi-experimental design). Escape rooms are a recent and growing educational methodology, increasingly used in academia and in the training of nurses and nursing students. However, it is necessary to expand their use and the quality of the studies in a greater number of contexts. Furthermore, it is necessary to homogenize and standardize validated instruments to evaluate the effectiveness of escape rooms in the nursing education area. Full article
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9 pages, 646 KiB  
Communication
Sleep Quality and Interoception Are Associated with Generalized Anxiety in Baccalaureate Nursing Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
by Laura A. Robinson, Pamela R. Short and Andrew D. Frugé
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1184-1192; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020090 - 13 May 2024
Viewed by 487
Abstract
Baccalaureate nursing students are at increased risk for anxiety and related mood disorders. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the relationships among anxiety symptoms measured by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaire and lifestyle behaviors including habitual diet, sleep quality (Pittsburg Sleep [...] Read more.
Baccalaureate nursing students are at increased risk for anxiety and related mood disorders. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the relationships among anxiety symptoms measured by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaire and lifestyle behaviors including habitual diet, sleep quality (Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index [PSQI]), and physical activity. Descriptive statistics were obtained for sample characteristics, and Pearson correlations and backward stepwise linear regression explored relationships between the GAD-7 scores, the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness, version 2 (MAIA-2) subscales, and other variables. Sixty-eight students completed the survey, with 38% having moderate-to-severe anxiety. On average, respondents had moderate diet quality (Healthy Eating Index median 60/100 [range 51–75]), had high sleep quality (PSQI median 7/21 [range 4–10]), and were highly active, with a median of 43 (range 24–78) weekly metabolic equivalent (MET) hours. Sixty-seven out of 68 respondents indicated a willingness to change lifestyle behaviors; the most prevalent time-related factors were school and social commitments, with stress and financial constraints being reported among half or more of respondents. Regression analysis determined that PSQI (β = 0.446) and the MAIA-2 Not-Worrying subscale (β = −0.366) were significant (p < 0.001 for both) predictors of anxiety severity. These results indicate that mindfulness and sleep hygiene may be the most actionable foci for interventions to reduce anxiety in baccalaureate nursing students. This study was not registered as a clinical trial. Full article
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14 pages, 318 KiB  
Article
Identifying Barriers to the Acquisition of Knowledge about Skin Integrity Impairment in Nursing Students: An Educational Intervention
by Javier Sánchez-Gálvez, Santiago Martínez-Isasi, Miriam Sánchez-Hernández, Eva Vegue-Parra, Tamara Rafaela Yacobis-Cervantes, Francisco Mateo-Ramírez and Daniel Fernández-García
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1170-1183; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020089 - 10 May 2024
Viewed by 364
Abstract
Background: Wound healing competence is implied in the nursing profession, but there is no standardized content regulation for wound care in university curricula. The primary objective of this study was to identify the barriers to the acquisition of knowledge about skin integrity impairment. [...] Read more.
Background: Wound healing competence is implied in the nursing profession, but there is no standardized content regulation for wound care in university curricula. The primary objective of this study was to identify the barriers to the acquisition of knowledge about skin integrity impairment. Methods: A quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test study with an ad hoc questionnaire involved 304 students (control: 165; intervention: 139) from June to July 2023. A 10-h educational intervention focused on skin integrity assessment and treatment was conducted. Results: The control group, scoring 17 ± 0.22 out of a maximum of 61, achieved a significantly lower final test score (p < 0.001) compared to the wound care educational intervention group, with the pre-test group scoring 30 ± 0.76 and the post-test group scoring 43 ± 0.61. The educational intervention in wound care program improved nursing students’ knowledge of prevention, assessment/diagnosis, treatment, lower limb wounds, and wound bed preparation by replacing the number of "Don’t know" answers in the post-test group with correct answers. Conclusions: The barriers identified to the acquisition of knowledge about skin integrity impairment in nursing studies are the following: the transversality of teaching, the teaching and evaluation system, and the variability in the training of professionals and teachers in charge of their education. The educational intervention can be used to consolidate knowledge and to enhance students’ self-confidence in caring for patients with wounds. Full article
12 pages, 431 KiB  
Article
Factors Associated with the Health-Related Quality of Life of Malaysian Young Adults Post-Pandemic
by Ke Xin Lee, Kia Fatt Quek and Amutha Ramadas
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1158-1169; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020088 - 10 May 2024
Viewed by 402
Abstract
The transition from school to university brings significant adjustments in lifestyle, body weight, and living environment for young adults, potentially impacting their quality of life. Emerging evidence suggests the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may have exacerbated these changes. This cross-sectional study [...] Read more.
The transition from school to university brings significant adjustments in lifestyle, body weight, and living environment for young adults, potentially impacting their quality of life. Emerging evidence suggests the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may have exacerbated these changes. This cross-sectional study involved 361 young adults (18–25 years) from Malaysian tertiary institutions, aiming to identify factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) post-COVID-19 restrictions. Data were collected online between April and July 2022, utilizing the WHOQOL-BREF for HRQOL assessment. Participants, with a median age of 23, scored highest in the physical health domain (mean: 63.2, SD = 16.2) and lowest in psychological health (mean: 58.2, SD = 16.9). Physical health domain scores varied by ethnicity, the field of study, weight category, and prescription medicine usage; environmental health scores by ethnicity and household income; and social health scores by age. Moderate perceived stress and low perceived support were significant predictors of poor HRQOL. Across the weight categories, sleep quality, perceived stress, and support have consistently impacted the HRQOL domain scores. This study underscores the multifaceted influences on young adults’ quality of life during the transition to university, especially in post-pandemic adjustments, highlighting the importance of addressing factors such as perceived stress and support to enhance overall well-being. Full article
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10 pages, 526 KiB  
Article
Development and Validation of the Serious Educational Game in Nursing Appraisal Scale
by Carla Sílvia Fernandes, Maria Joana Campos, Maria Teresa Moreira, Andreia Lima, Salomé Ferreira and Maria Manuela Martins
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1148-1157; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020087 - 10 May 2024
Viewed by 452
Abstract
Objectives: This study aims to develop and validate the Serious Educational Game in Nursing Appraisal Scale (SEGiNAS), a tool designed to evaluate the implementation of serious games within nurse education contexts of quantity of process, quality of process, and learning outcomes. Methods and [...] Read more.
Objectives: This study aims to develop and validate the Serious Educational Game in Nursing Appraisal Scale (SEGiNAS), a tool designed to evaluate the implementation of serious games within nurse education contexts of quantity of process, quality of process, and learning outcomes. Methods and Materials: This methodological and psychometric study aimed to develop and validate a scale. The item generation phase was based on the cognitive theory of multimedia learning, resulting in a 20-item scale. The validation phase involved evaluating the psychometric scale by surveying 160 Portuguese nurses. Results: A factor analysis revealed a three-factor structure corresponding to the scale’s designed dimensions, explaining a total variance of 64.5%. The scale demonstrated high internal consistency for all factors, including engagement and teaching effectiveness (0.925), learning impact and practical application (0.883), and content relevance and clarity (0.848). The dimensions were engagement and teaching effectiveness, learning impact and practical application, and content relevance and clarity. Conclusions: The SEGiNAS scale represents a valid and reliable tool for evaluating serious games in nursing education. Its development fills an existing gap in assessing the teaching–learning process with serious games. This study was not registered. Full article
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12 pages, 450 KiB  
Article
Understanding Clinical Learning Quality Aspects in Mental Health Nursing Practice Course among Students: A Comprehensive Examination
by Gizell Green and Sanaa Adawi
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1136-1147; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020086 - 10 May 2024
Viewed by 493
Abstract
There is a growing demand for comprehensive evaluations of the clinical learning quality of nursing education and the necessity to establish robust predictors and mediators for enhancing its outcomes within the context of mental health practice. This study is threefold: 1. Evaluating nursing [...] Read more.
There is a growing demand for comprehensive evaluations of the clinical learning quality of nursing education and the necessity to establish robust predictors and mediators for enhancing its outcomes within the context of mental health practice. This study is threefold: 1. Evaluating nursing students’ clinical learning quality before and after mental health nursing practice; 2. Establish if the grade of a theoretical course in mental health nursing and the student’s perception of their theoretical knowledge level predicts the grade of mental health nursing practice; 3. Explore how model learning opportunities, self-directed learning, safety, and nursing care quality mediate learning environment quality and tutorial strategies quality following mental health nursing practice. Using a before and after the study, 107 undergraduate nursing students at an Israeli university completed a questionnaire and the Clinical Learning Quality Evaluation Index tool to assess their perceptions of clinical learning quality before and after mental health nursing practice. The results showed a decline in students’ perceptions of tutorial strategy quality following mental health practical learning in clinical settings, with the theoretical course grade predicting the practical experience grade and underscoring the mediating role of learning opportunities between the learning environment and tutorial strategies. The study’s findings emphasize the importance of an adaptive learning environment and a solid theoretical foundation in fostering effective tutorial strategies and enhancing the overall learning outcomes for nursing students in mental health education. Full article
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7 pages, 209 KiB  
Communication
Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Nursing Students’ Attitudes toward Older Adults: A Pre/Post-Study
by Anne White, Mary Beth Maguire, Austin Brown and Diane Keen
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1129-1135; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020085 - 29 Apr 2024
Viewed by 852
Abstract
As the global population ages, nurses with a positive attitude toward caring for older adults is crucial. However, studies indicate that nursing students often exhibit negative attitudes toward older adults. This study aimed to determine if a three-phased educational intervention significantly improved nursing [...] Read more.
As the global population ages, nurses with a positive attitude toward caring for older adults is crucial. However, studies indicate that nursing students often exhibit negative attitudes toward older adults. This study aimed to determine if a three-phased educational intervention significantly improved nursing students’ attitudes toward older adults. A pre/post-test study design was used to measure the change in nursing students’ attitudes toward older adults, as measured by the UCLA Geriatrics Attitudes Survey, after participating in an Artificial Intelligence in Education learning event (n = 151). Results indicate that post-intervention scores (M = 35.07, SD = 5.34) increased from pre-intervention scores (M = 34.50, SD = 4.86). This difference was statistically significant at the 0.10 significance level (t = 1.88, p = 0.06). Incorporating artificial intelligence technology in a learning event is an effective educational strategy due to its convenience, repetition, and measurable learning outcomes. Improved attitudes toward older adults are foundational for delivering competent care to a rapidly growing aging population. This study was prospectively registered with the university’s Institutional Review Board (IRB) on 30 July 2021 with the registration number IRB-FY22-3. Full article
10 pages, 251 KiB  
Article
Primary Health Care Case-Management Nurses during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study
by María José Molina-Gil, María Dolores Guerra-Martín and Rocío De Diego-Cordero
Nurs. Rep. 2024, 14(2), 1119-1128; https://doi.org/10.3390/nursrep14020084 - 28 Apr 2024
Viewed by 651
Abstract
The COVID-19 has caused high morbidity and mortality in vulnerable people, such as those affected by chronic diseases, and case-management nurses (CMNs) are reference professionals for their health care and management. The objective of this study is to better understand the discourse, experiences, [...] Read more.
The COVID-19 has caused high morbidity and mortality in vulnerable people, such as those affected by chronic diseases, and case-management nurses (CMNs) are reference professionals for their health care and management. The objective of this study is to better understand the discourse, experiences, and feelings about the professional performance of CMNs during the pandemic. A qualitative study was conducted by conducting semi-structured interviews with CMNs (n = 31) from the province of Seville (Spain) and performing a narrative discourse analysis. The Atlas Ti 6.2 software program was used. Two categories were defined: 1. CMNs’ competencies (76 verbatim testimonies); and 2. Consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic (61 verbatim testimonies). This study was granted due permission by the Research Ethics Committee belonging to the University of Seville, under protocol code: 1139-N-22. The pandemic caused an increase in CMNs’ workload, and they had to assume their usual care tasks for vulnerable populations in addition to simultaneously prioritizing assistance in nursing homes. We can highlight CMNs’ adaptation to the pandemic situation and to these new requirements in the context of their significant social commitment to the advanced practice of the profession, a commitment that is closely related to leadership. We should also indicate that interpersonal relationships were improved, and that there was technological progress. Some CMNs mentioned an increase in their workload and reported experiencing burnout syndrome. We conclude that CMNs’ management of health care during the pandemic has been extraordinary, especially in regard to the most vulnerable populations of patients, including individuals with chronic diseases and institutionalized older adults, a fact that has been valued by the institutions and by society in general. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Care and Clinical Management in the Post-Pandemic Era)
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