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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Sizing the Battery Power for PHEVs Based on Battery Efficiency, Cost and Operational Cost Savings

Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S Cass Ave, Lemont, IL, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(3), 514-522;
Published: 27 September 2013
PDF [606 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]


The incremental cost for increasing the power of Li-ion batteries for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs) is moderate. Hence, the reduction of fuel consumption by using battery power at high vehicle speeds rather than engine power results in high net present value for the total cost of the battery and future fuel savings. The variation of designed efficiency at rated power is also evaluated to examine the cost for the thermal management system and improved life and cold temperature performance. Two types of PHEVs and two lithium-ion battery chemistries of batteries are considered in this study.
Keywords: battery model; cost; lithium battery; PHEV; simulation battery model; cost; lithium battery; PHEV; simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Nelson, P.; Vijayagopal, R.; Gallagher, K.; Rousseau, A. Sizing the Battery Power for PHEVs Based on Battery Efficiency, Cost and Operational Cost Savings. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 514-522.

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